In what follows, I’ll share the information I have about Rachel’s second husband William Anson Halbert and her marriage to him. My research on William has focused on records in Spartanburg and Laurens County, South Carolina, and not on his life prior to his appearance in that part of South Carolina around 1812, or on his family’s history, though I’ll cite a number of biographical sources that provide information about the Halbert family that may be of interest to readers who want to do further research about that family.
William Halbert Jr. Prior to Move to Laurens District, South Carolina, about 1812
In the first of the two previous postings I’ve done about Rachel Lindsey and her two Cooper and Halbert husbands, I note that the Goodspeed biography of their son Preston Halbert is a particularly valuable starting point for information about these families, since it depends on information supplied by Preston Halbert himself. As I noted, Preston Halbert’s biography states that his parents were William Halbert and Rachel Lindsey Cooper. It also notes that William Halbert was a South Carolina native and had been married previously to Elizabeth Bowen who died after bearing eight children, and that he then married Rachel Lindsey, a widow Cooper, by whom he had four more children.
Preston Halbert’s biography goes on to report that William Halbert was “an extensive planter [in Laurens County, South Carolina] and also operated a gristmill, sawmill and cotton-gin; being unfortunate in his business he moved to Crawford Co., Mo., in 1845 and died in 1858.” Preston’s mother Rachel had died in 1845, according to this source — evidently before William Halbert left South Carolina for Missouri.
The posting linked above which discussed Preston Halbert’s Goodspeed biography also points readers to John Bennett Boddie’s discussion of the Halbert family in his Historical Southern Families series. According to Boddie, William Halbert was born 17 May 1784, son of an older William Anson Halbert and wife Elizabeth Hill. Boddie places William Halbert Jr.’s birth in Virginia, but as I’ve just noted, Halbert’s son Preston reported to Goodspeed that his father was born in South Carolina and the 1850 federal census corroborates this birthplace.
I don’t spot any clear indication in Boddie’s biographical material for either William Anson Halbert Sr. or Jr. of his source for birthdates for both men: he states that William Sr. was born 14 October 1744 in Essex County, Virginia, and that he died 28 December 1808 in Anderson County, South Carolina. At one point in his discussion of the Halberts, Boddie states, “These data come from family records and letters,” and he then goes on to say that there is some uncertainty about various dates and a need for further research. In presenting information about Haney Calhoun Halbert, daughter of William Halbert and Rachel Lindsey, he also notes that one of his sources is “Bible records.”
I find the same birthdates for William Halbert Sr. and Jr. in other published sources studying this family — e.g., E.D. Acker’s A Brief History of the Acker-Halbert Family — again, with no indication of the source of the birthdates. According to Louise Ayer Vandiver in her Traditions and History of Anderson County, [South Carolina], William Sr. settled on the Saluda River in Pendleton (later Anderson) County, South Carolina, in 1786. Various sources including those I have cited indicate that, prior to his settling in South Carolina, he was in Surry County, North Carolina, having come there from Henry County, Virginia. William Sr. was a Revolutionary soldier and, according to Vandiver, “a man of prominence” in his community in South Carolina, where he served as a justice of the peace. He died testate in Anderson County.
William Halbert Jr. in Laurens District, South Carolina, 1812-1830
I first find mention of William Halbert Jr. in the records of Laurens County (i.e., Laurens District, as it was known prior to 1868) on 31 December 1812, when William Bowen Sr. made a deed there to Jacob Bowen, a minor, of 587 acres on which he was living. The deed states that Jacob was William’s son, and after William’s death, Jacob was to have joint ownership of a mill and its mill house with 6 acres around it, with William Halbert owning the other half. William Bowen Jr. and William Brockman witnessed the deed. The same day, William Bowen deeded to William Halbert 198 acres except for the 6 acres around the mill house, with the deed stating that Halbert was then living in Pendleton District. It seems reasonable to suppose that William Bowen is closely related to William Halbert’s first wife Elizabeth Bowen, whom it appears he married around 1812-4.
It’s clear to me that these Bowens have a close link to a William Bowen of St. George’s parish, Dorchester County, South Carolina, who made a will there on 17 August 1784, naming Jacob and William Bowen Jr. as nephews and speaking of a deceased brother John Bowen, who was father of Jacob and Jacob’s brothers Isaac, and James. William Bowen’s will bequeaths to his heirs land on Durbin Creek in Ninety Six District, and was proved 7 March 1785. A William Bowen had land on Durbin Creek in what became Laurens County by 12 May 1792 when a survey done for John Coker on a branch of Durbin Creek in Laurens District shows the adjoining land marked as “Wm. Bowens Land.”
Since the Bowen family tied to William Halbert in Laurens County also definitely had land on Durbin Creek and used William and Jacob as given names, it seems evident that this older William Bowen is a close relative of the Laurens County Bowens, and possibly a direct ancestor — but I do not know enough about these Bowens to speak with certainty about how they connect to each other.
On 8 March 1816, William Bowen Sr. and William Halbert jointly gave bond for 334 acres on the south side of the Enoree River in Laurens County to John and Charles Bulow of Charleston. The land was from a grant to Alexander Frazer and bordered John House and Thomas Kevil. Archibald Young and Thomas Wright witnessed. As noted in a previous posting, on 6 April 1812, John House was living in Pendleton District when he sold to Rachel Lindsey’s first husband Jacob Cooper of Laurens County 100 acres of land in Spartanburg County.
The 1810 federal census shows John House living three houses away from Jacob Bowen in Laurens County. On the same page are members of the Parks and Holcombe family associated with William Halbert in other records — e.g., as we have seen, when William Halbert gave bond on 26 April 1830 in Spartanburg County to administer the estate of Jacob Cooper, his bondsmen included James Parks and Hosea Holcombe.
On 13 September 1817, Thomas Bowen sold to John and Charles Bulow of Charleston 334 acres on the Enoree in Laurens County bordering John House and Thomas Kevil. The deed states that the land was from a grant in 1772 to Alexander Frazer. William Halbert and Jacob Bowen witnessed this deed.
The following day on 14 September, William Bowen Jr. deeded (in Laurens County) to John and Charles Bulow of Charleston his claim on half a tract in Greenville District known as White Plains, with William Halbert and Thomas Bowen witnessing the deed. Again, it seems to me that these Bowens are almost certainly closely related to William Halbert’s wife Elizabeth Bowen.
When Thomas Goodwin deeded to Ezekiel Dunlap 129 acres on branches of Durbin Creek in Laurens County on 28 February 1818, the deed states that the land Goodwin was selling bordered William Halbert, Bowen, and others. On Durbin Creek Baptist church near Fountain Inn and the possibility that this is the church attended by Rachel Lindsey and her first husband Jacob Cooper, see the previous posting. When Ezekiel Dunlap sold the land he had bought from Thomas Goodwin on 7 January 1819 to Harris Goodwin, the deed again stated that the land bordered Halbert, Bowen, and others.
The 1820 federal census shows William Halbert (with his name given as Holbert) in Laurens County with his family by Elizabeth Bowen. His household includes three males under 10, one male 26-44, two females under 10, and one 16-25, along with seven enslaved persons. Note that this census places the birth of Elizabeth Bowen Halbert between 1795 and 1804. Because William and Elizabeth’s oldest son to survive infancy, Thomas, was born in 1816 (see Boddie in this previous posting), it would seem Elizabeth was likely born 1795-1800.
On an unspecified day (the day is left blank) in March 1822, Jacob Bowen Jr. sold to William Halbert, both of Laurens District, 21 acres in Laurens, with the deed stating that the land lay around but apparently did not include the mill and mill pond deeded jointly to Jacob and William Halbert by William Bowen Sr. in December 1812. William Bowen and Jacob Bowen Sr. witnessed this deed,
When Starling Tucker of Laurens County petitioned the South Carolina General Assembly on 16 November 1824 for his bridge over the Enoree to be established as a toll bridge, William Halbert was a signatory to the petition. Tucker served five terms as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina, and operated Tucker’s Mill on the Enoree River at what is now Enoree, South Carolina.
On 26 February 1824, Jacob Bowen Jr. of Laurens County deeded to William Halbert of the same 150 acres from a tract willed to Jacob by his father William Bowen, adjoining Thomas M. Young, H. (Hosea) Holcombe, and William Halbert. Thomas M. Young proved the deed the same day.
On 1 February 1828, William Halbert sold Hosea Holcombe, both of Laurens County, 54½ acres on waters of Durbin Creek, with Thomas M. Young and J. M. Patton witnessing the deed. The land bordered Goodwin, Halbert, and Holcombe himself.
Records of the South Carolina Court of Appeals show William Halbert involved in litigation in a suit filed by Reuben Murrell, et al., in 1828. The case involved debts of William Bowen that had evidently been transferred from Bowen to Halbert. The case was tried at Laurens in spring term 1828, then went to the state appeals court.
William Halbert Jr. Marries Rachel Lindsey (Cooper), 1830
As noted above, on 26 April 1830 William Anson Halbert had married Rachel Lindsey, widow of Jacob Cooper of Spartanburg County, since on that day, Halbert applied and gave bond for the administration of Jacob’s estate, stating that he had married Rachel Cooper. Halbert gave bond with James Parks, Hosea Holcombe, D.F. Allgood, Isaac Lindsey, and Joseph Brown. William Halbert had been a buyer at Jacob Cooper’s estate sale on 28 January 1830. Jacob’s estate file shows Halbert administering the estate from 26 April 1830 forward, and being involved in the litigation that had developed over the settlement of Jacob’s estate, with his widow Rachel suing the other heirs on behalf of herself and her son by Jacob, Jacob Henry Cooper.
It appears that William Halbert’s first wife Elizabeth Bowen died between the birth of her final child, a daughter Elizabeth, who was born 1 January 1828, and William Halbert’s marriage to Rachel Lindsey Cooper on 26 April 1830. Did Elizabeth die giving birth to this daughter?
I have not been able to locate William Halbert and his family on the 1830 federal census.
William Halbert and Rachel Lindsey, 1830-1845
On 27 January 1832, Thomas Goodwin Jr. made a deed to William Halbert, both of Laurens District, for 154 acres on waters of Durbin Creek in Laurens County. The land was in the hands of Goodwin’s mother Sally Goodwin and was to go to Halbert on Sally’s Goodwin’s death. Samuel Cooper and William Massey witnessed this deed. On 2 February, Peggy Goodwin, wife of Thomas Goodwin, relinquished dower. Massey proved the deed the same day and it was recorded 7 March.
On 7 May 1832, a deed was made to William Halbert in Laurens for 170 acres on Durbin Creek that had been sold from the estate of Thomas Goodwin Sr. at the request of Thomas Goodwin Jr. The land had been sold by the sheriff at a land sale held in February. Richard K. Owings and Thomas Abercrombie witnessed this deed.
As was noted in a previous posting, when Nicholas Velie Van Patten deeded land on 23 February 1833 to Cedar Grove Baptist church in Laurens County, his deed stated that he was including in the land deeded to the church a lot he had bought recently from William Halbert, on which the church apparently sat, and that his deed included part of the road to the church and its graveyard, as well. On Cedar Grove cemetery as the burial place of Rachel Lindsey Halbert’s brother Isaac and most of his family members, see this previous posting.
Jacob Cooper’s loose-papers estate file in Spartanburg County shows William Halbert summoned by the county court on 27 May 1834 to settle shares of the estate belonging to two of Jacob’s children who had predeceased him. These children are not named. Another summons in the estate file dated 10 January 1835 shows the court summoning Halbert to testify about the estate settlement.
In 1837, William Halbert had two state plats for land on Durbin Creek of the Enoree in Laurens District. The first, on 17 February, was for 860 acres, and the second, on 17 October, was for 432 acres. Both plats are recorded in Laurens District plat books, which show William R. Farley, commissioner of locations, issuing an order on 3 April 1837 for a survey of 1,000 acres of land for William Halbert (the name is spelled Holbert here). The plat book shows a survey by William Gilbert of 860 acres done for William Halbert on 15 April. The land lay on the south side of the Enoree with Larkin Stapp to the northwest, Alexander Moore and Jonathan Owings southwest, Hosea Holcombe north, Melworth Young east, and William Bowen southeast. The unnamed branch (is this Durbin Creek?) runs through the middle of the land.
The same day, Gilbert also surveyed 432 more acres for Halbert. The plat description seems to say that this tract lay on Dunkins (i.e., Duncan) Creek, a branch of the Enoree. The land was bordered northwest and south by Larkin Stapp, southwest by John Clark, southeast by John Hach (Hatch?) and northeast by Thomas Noble, Richard K. Owings, and Jonathan Owings. From those three landholders, the plat description says that the “meanders of the road by the saw mill” then bordered the land. I’m strongly inclined to wonder if this land was on Durbin Creek and not Duncan Creek.
On 29 May 1837, William Halbert applied to Spartanburg County court to be made administrator of the estate of his wife’s grandmother Margaret Earnest. The court granted Halbert this administration on 5 June and on the same day, he gave bond for it in the amount of $5,000 with William Johnson and Wm. W. Hitch as bondsmen. William Johnson was William Halbert’s brother-in-law; he had married Rachel Lindsey’s older sister Cassandra.
When Nicholas V. Van Patten sold to John Garlington and John S. James 231 acres on both sides of the Enoree on 11 October 1838, his deed notes that the land bordered Mrs. Spurgen and John Massey on the south side of the River, and Isaac Wofford, John Westmoreland, and Joseph Cooper north of the river. The deed also notes that Van Patten had obtained the land from William Halbert and that the tract had both a grist mill and a sawmill, a cotton gin, thresher, and cotton and wool factory. Joseph Cooper was a son of Rachel Lindsey’s first husband Jacob Cooper; on the ties of this Cooper family to the Massey family, another Laurens County family with Quaker roots, see the previous posting.
The family of William and Rachel Halbert is enumerated on the 1840 federal census in Laurens County. The household has two males under 5, one male 5-10, two males 10-15, two males 15-20, one male 20-30, and one male 50-60. It also includes one female 5-10, one female 10-15, one female 30-40, and one female 60-70. As I have stated previously, this census places Rachel Lindsey’s birth between 1800 and 1810. Next door is the family of a Joshua Halbert. The males under five are William and Rachel’s sons Preston and Joel; their son Dewitt Clinton the male 5-10; the males 10-15 are William’s sons by Elizabeth Bowen John Wesley and William Euell; and the two males 15-20 are William and Elizabeth’s sons Joshua and Thomas. I cannot place the male 20-30. The female 5-10 is William and Rachel’s daughter Haney Calhoun; and the female 10-15 is William and Elizabeth’s daughter Elizabeth. The male 50-60 is William and Rachel is the female 30-40. I suspect the female aged 60-70 who was living with the Halbert family in 1840 is Winny, widow of Francis Allison, who filed a petition in 1842 to the South Carolina Commissioners alleging mistreatment by William Halbert, with whose family she had been living: on this petition, see below. I think that Rachel’s mother Rachel Earnest Lindsey is a female aged 70-80 on the 1840 census in the household of her son Mark in Spartanburg County in 1840.
The 1840 federal census also shows William Halbert owning 29 enslaved persons in Laurens County. It is possible that some of these enslaved persons belonged to Winny, widow of Francis Allison: on this, see below.
On 26 February 1840, William Halbert signed receipt for his wife Rachel’s advancement of a share of the estate of her grandfather Henry Earnest. The inheritance included an enslaved woman, livestock, and a bed and furniture.
Several records from 1840 to 1845, when it appears that William Halbert left South Carolina for Missouri, cast light on the statement of the Goodspeed biography of his son Preston that Halbert made the move to Missouri because he had been “unfortunate in business” in South Carolina. In fact, there are a number of allegations of shady or unethical behavior on the part of Halbert, which might also explain his business difficulties: if his character had been called into question, people might well have been more inclined to call in debts he owed them.
Laurens District, South Carolina, Abstracts of Judgments, 1840-1866, shows William Halbert receiving judgment in a number of cases involving debt or assumpsit judgments in 1840-2, both as the plaintiff and the defendant. On 14 November 1840, he and William Mills received a judgment for $525 in an assumpsit case they had filed against William Fleming. On the same day, Halbert had a trover judgment against E. Grymes for $15.
On 28 January 1840, Halbert and his brother-in-law William Johnson filed suit against Jeremiah Gilbert for debt, and on 19 June 1841, they received judgment for $1,488. Halbert was the defendant of a debt suit filed by H.L. Jeffers for which Jeffers received judgment on 9 March 1842 in the amount of $203.31. On 16 March 1841, Elizabeth Hand, acting as executrix of R. Hand, had judgment in a suit of debt against Thomas H. Halbert, R.K. Owings, and William Halbert for $300. Thomas Halbert was William’s oldest son by Elizabeth Bowen. At the same court session, James H. Irby recovered $453.23 that Halbert owed him.
D. Nesbitt, acting as executor of the estate of A. Arnold, received a judgment of debt in the amount of $581 against William Halbert and R.K Owings on 22 March 1842. The following month on 27 April, Fleming and Mills had a debt judgment against William Halbert for $46.48. In the ongoing litigation between William Halbert and Jonathan Cooper, son of his wife Rachel’s previous husband Jacob Cooper, Halbert was ordered by the court on 27 April 1842 to pay Cooper $332.33 that Halbert owed him from his father’s estate.
On 1 January 1842, Winny Allison filed a petition in Laurens County to the Commissioners of South Carolina. The petition states that Winny was the widow of Francis Allison. Francis had mortgaged his property in 1831 to Jacob Meador, stipulating that Meador was to control Allison’s plantation and enslaved people on condition that he would support and maintain Francis and Winny during their lifetimes. Winny states that Meador had honored this agreement until 1835, when he left the state “to evade the claims of his creditors.” Meador’s creditors then attached his property, which Allison recovered and then conveyed to William Halbert, a creditor of Meador.
Winny claims that Halbert kept his promise to support the Allisons until Francis died in 1840. After that, she says, he began to mistreat her, attempting to poison her and threatening to run the enslaved people to Arkansas. Winny was 76 in 1842 and she had left Halbert’s home, with no support. She asked the court to prevent Halbert from taking her enslaved people from the state and that the state require Halbert to fulfill his legal agreement to support her.
The debt and assumpsit judgments against William Halbert continued to pile up in 1843, with a debt judgment in favor of Robert Hand for $142.02 on 22 January; an assumpsit judgment for R.K. Owing for $575 on 13 March; a debt judgment in favor of Hosea Garrett for $683.17 on the same day (R.K. Owings was a co-defendant with Halbert in this case); a debt judgment in favor of Jonathan K. Owings for $550 on 17 July 1843; a debt judgment for John Martin on a bond amounting to $993.39 on 20 July 1843; and an assumpsit judgment in favor of J.J. Atwood for $550 on 9 Nov. 1843. It seems clear that these legal judgments coming in a constant spate against Halbert in the period immediately preceding his removal from South Carolina are the business misfortunes of which his son Preston’s biography speaks, which caused him to leave the state for Missouri.
Evidence that William was making preparation to leave the state is by spring 1843 is found in a 9 March 1843 deed he made to Thomas M. Young, both of Laurens District, for 132 acres in Laurens District on Durbin Creek, waters of the Enoree (see the head of the posting for a snapshot of this deed). The deed has a plat showing the land re-surveyed by M.E. Cunningham on 10 January. The plat shows the land lying on Durbin Creek with Thomas M. Young’s land to the north and Hutson Moore’s land to the south. A house and another building are drawn on the plat. The deed book states several pages after this that Rachel Halbert relinquished dower 25 January 1844. William and Rachel were obviously selling their home tract of land and their house.
William Halbert Jr. Moves from South Carolina to Missouri, 1845
In the 1 August 1846 bill of complaint Rachel’s mother Rachel Earnest Lindsey filed in Spartanburg County equity court against William Halbert, she notes that Halbert had moved from the state by that date. As the posting I have just linked shows, Rachel’s complaint states that after Equity Court made a compromise settlement between her and husband William Lindsey in June term 1837 following her suit against Peggy Earnest, William Lindsey, and several of her sons, the court appointed William Halbert and Isaac Lindsey trustees of the estate of Henry Earnest. The estate was then worth $9,075.21. The two trustees were to take charge of the estate and effect the division of the property between Rachel and her husband William Lindsey. Halbert gave bond with William Johnson and Isaac gave bond with Henry Lindsey for their charge as trustees.
Rachel alleged that after this happened, Halbert then got possession of a large portion of the money of the estate and, becoming insolvent, left the state. William Johnson was also planning to move out of state as Rachel was filing her complaint. Isaac Lindsey had become non compos mentis, Henry Lindsey having been appointed his guardian. (As has been previously noted, the minutes of Cedar Grove Baptist church in Laurens County show William and Cassandra Lindsey Johnson applying for letters of dismissal from that church on 1 November 1846; this proves the truth of Rachel Earnest Lindsey’s allegation in August 1846 that the Johnson family was planning to move from South Carolina as she filed suit.)
At June court 1845, Spartanburg equity court decreed that William Halbert and Isaac Lindsey be removed as administrators and Colonel Thomas P. Brockman placed in their position. Brockman refused this charge and the court instructed Henry Lindsey to undertake it. He also refused.
Rachel alleged she had no legal remedy or representation, that much of the estate of Henry Earnest had been removed by Halbert. She appealed for William Johnson to be restrained from leaving the state and carrying off more of the property, and for Halbert and Johnson to be subpoenaed to answer her complaint, and for Henry Lindsey to be subpoenaed to account for his use of the estate.
At some point in the year that Rachel Earnest Lindsey filed suit against her son-in-law William Halbert, her daughter Rachel died, according to Preston Halbert’s Goodspeed biography. We know Rachel Lindsey Halbert was living on 25 January 1844 when she relinquished dower rights as her husband William Halbert sold their home tract and house to Thomas M. Young. In my view, Rachel likely died before her husband left South Carolina, and her death may have been one of the factors in the background of the suit her mother filed against William Halbert in August 1846.
On 16 June 1848, the Laurens County newspaper Laurensville Herald printed a notice regarding the case of J.J. Atwood vs William Halbert, a declaration in attachment. The notice states that William Halbert was outside the limits of the state and, having neither wife nor attorney within the state on whom a ruling to plead could be served, it was ordered that Mr. Halbert respond within a year and a day or final and absolute judgment would be entered against him by default. This case is perhaps a continuation of the case for which J.J. Atwood received a judgment of debt against Halbert on 9 November 1843.
William Halbert Jr.’s Final Years in Crawford County, Missouri
The 1850 federal census shows William Halbert living in Crawford County, Missouri, with his four children by Rachel Lindsey living in his household. His surname is given here as Holbert, and all family members except William are listed on the census only by initials. The census states that William was a farmer, 62 years old, born in South Carolina, with $500 worth. His children are D. (male), 16, H.C. (female), 17, P. (male), 16, and J. (male), 13, all born in South Carolina — Dewitt Clinton, Haney Calhoun, Preston, and Joel Kirby.
The 1850 federal slave schedule for Crawford County shows William Halbert owning no enslaved persons in the county. His brother James Ira Halbert, a Baptist minister who preceded him to Crawford County, is listed as owning 15 enslaved persons in Crawford County.
The biography of William Halbert’s son Preston states that his father died in Crawford County, Missouri, in 1858. A number of researchers of this family (see, e.g., an 8 March 2007 posting by John McGinnis at Genforum) state that William Halbert died at Steelville in Crawford County on 1 May 1859. I do not spot a source for this information in any of the published accounts of this family providing this date and place of death for William Halbert. William had definitely died by 4 May 1859 when his sons by Elizabeth Bowen, Thomas and Joshua, were appointed administrators of his estate in Crawford County (Crawford County, Missouri, Administrations Bk. A, p. 377).
William Halbert’s place of burial has not been found. He is likely buried in what is now known as the Schweider cemetery at Cherry Valley in Crawford County, where his brother James Ira Halbert is buried. As John McGinnis states in the Find a Grave memorial page for James that I have just linked, a descendant of James, Ken Halbert of Steelville, says that this cemetery is on land that James Ira Halbert homesteaded in Crawford County.
The Children of William Halbert Jr. and Rachel Lindsey
Information about William Halbert’s family with wife Elizabeth Bowen is provided in a number of sources cited above including Boddie. By wife Rachel Lindsey (Cooper), William Anson Halbert had the following children:
1. Dewitt Clinton Halbert was born about 1831 in Laurens County, South Carolina, and died 1860-1870, probably in Crawford County, Missouri. He is perhaps the Dewitt Halbert purchasing 36.57 acres in Crawford County, Missouri, from the St. Louis federal land office on 1 March 1860. If so, then there may be land records in Crawford County that would show what became of that land and help determine when Dewitt Clinton Halbert died. I have found no death record, burial record, or indication that he married. In 1860, he’s listed on the federal census in the household of his brother Preston, along with their brother Joel . I find no Civil War service record for him.
2. Haney Calhoun Halbert was born 7 April 1834 in Laurens County, South Carolina, and died 19 April 1873 at Steelville, Crawford County, Missouri. On 14 October 1850 at Steelville, she married Alexander Gibson, son of Alexander Gibson and Mary Cathcart. Haney’s husband Alexander Gibson was a doctor at Steelville. Both are buried in Steelville cemetery. Alexander Gibson’s biography in Goodspeed’s History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford & Gasconade Counties, Missouri provides more information about him and wife Haney.
3. Preston Halbert was born 1 December 1834 in Laurens County, South Carolina (note the 7 April 1834 birthdate of Preston’s sister Haney: is there some problem with these dates?), and died 4 March 1920 at Meramac, Crawford County, Missouri. On 3 June 1861 in Crawford County, he married Rebecca Lucinda Largent, daughter of Elijah Largent and Catherine Fain. Both are buried in Steelville cemetery. As Preston’s previously cited biography states, he was a farmer of means in Crawford County and served five years as the county’s public administrator.
4. Joel Kirby Halbert was born 10 January 1837 in Laurens County, South Carolina, and died 11 April 1901. He is buried in Steelville cemetery.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, Journal of Court of Ordinary, 1829-1830, p. 43; see also William Halbert’s bond given the same day to administer Jacob Cooper’s estate, in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Jacob Cooper, file 580.
 Goodspeed, History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford & Gasconade Counties, Missouri (Goodspeed: Chicago, 1888), p. 1059.
 John Bennett Boddie, “Halbert of Virginia, with Related Families Gibson, Gordon, Berry, Dumas,” Historical Southern Families, vol. 14 (1970; republished, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1994), pp. 187-190. Boddie also discusses this Halbert family in “Halbert of Essex, Virginia,” Historical Southern Historical Families, vol. 9 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1965) pp. 191-217 (see especially pp. 195-7).
 1850 federal census, Crawford County, Missouri, district 24, p. 259 (dwelling/family 981; 14 November).
 Boddie, “Halbert of Virginia, with Related Families Gibson, Gordon, Berry, Dumas,” p. 189.
 E.D. Acker, A Brief History of the Acker-Halbert Family (Lincoln, Alabama, 1928), pp. 12-15, 88-8, 91-2. Further information about this Halbert family is to be found at Janet Green Ariciu’s Janet’s Family page at Rootsweb, and at her Monkeys — Janet Ariciu Family Bush page at World Connect.
 Louise Ayer Vandiver, Traditions and History of Anderson County, [South Carolina] (Atlanta: Ruralist, 1928), p. 138.
 For a compilation of those who have entered DAR claiming descent from William A. Halbert, see the “Descendants Search” page for William A. Halbert (A049188) at the website of the National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution.
 See Pendleton District/Anderson County, South Carolina, Will Bk. A, pp. 103-5; and Anderson County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file pkg. 301.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. K, p. 4.
 South Carolina Will Bk. B pp. 499-500.
 South Carolina Plat Bk. 28, p. 232.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. K, p. 121.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. N, pp. 232-3.
 1810 federal census, Laurens County, South Carolina, p. 249.
 See Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Jacob Cooper, file 580.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. K, p. 201.
 Ibid., p. 213.
 Ibid., p. 245.
 1820 federal census, Laurens County, South Carolina, p. 35.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. L, p. 47.
 Petitions to the South Carolina General Assembly, S165015, #19.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. L, p. 143.
 Ibid., M., p. 66.
 See Reports of Cases: Argued and Determined in the South Carolina Court of Appeals, Court of Appeals of South Carolina: On Appeal from the Courts of Law, 1828-1832, vol. 1 (Charleston: A.E. Miller, 1833), pp. 238-242.
 See Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Jacob Cooper, file 580.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. N, p. 3.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. M, p. 235.
 See Jerry W. Wilson’s website Van Petten, Van Patten, Van Patter & Van Patton Ancestry, citing “an article in a periodical called ‘Histories of Cedar Grove Baptist Church.’”
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Jacob Cooper, file 580.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Henry Earnest, file 840.
 South Carolina Plat Bk. 52, pp. 41-2.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Laurens District Plat Bk. 1816-1840, p. 206.
 Ibid., p. 205.
 Ibid., p. 206.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Margaret Earnest, file 838.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. X, pp. 489-491.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, 1840 federal census, p. 18.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, loose-papers estate file of Henry Earnest, file 840.
 History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford & Gasconade Counties, Missouri (Goodspeed: Chicago, 1888), p. 1059.
 Laurens District, South Carolina, Abstracts of Judgments, 1840-1866, #3847.
 Ibid., #3895.
 Ibid., #4060.
 Ibid., #4312.
 Ibid., #4328.
 Ibid., #4329.
 Ibid., #4332.
 Ibid., #4405.
 Ibid., #4419. See also SC Court of Appeals, Cases at Law, Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals of South Carolina, from November 1840 to [May 1842], Both Inclusive: To Which Are Added Cases Omitted by Former Reporters from 1835 to 1840, vol. 27 (Columbia: A.S. Johnston, 1843), p. 419. The case of Jonathan Cooper vs. William Halbert was heard by the South Carolina Court of Appeals in May 1842. Halbert was administrator of the estate of Jacob Cooper, of which Jonathan Cooper was a distribute. Estate settlement was made in 1832, and Halbert alleged Cooper had received too much. Cooper sued at fall court 1835 in Laurens District.
 Petition of Winny Allison, Laurens County, South Carolina, to the Commissioners of South Carolina, #21384201, abstract online at the Race & Slavery Petitions Project of the library of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
 Laurens District, South Carolina, Abstracts of Judgments, 1840-1866 #4583, 4617, 4618, 4687, 4690, 4761.
 Laurens County, South Carolina, Deed Bk. O, p. 183.
 Ibid., p. 187.
 Spartanburg County, South Carolina, Equity Court, 1846, box 31, package 7, Rachel Lindsey vs. William Halbert.
 See supra, n. 4.
 Crawford County, Missouri, 1850 federal slave schedule, district 24, unpaginated (2 October). On James Ira Halbert as a Baptist minister, see Karen Halbert Moore, Halbert-Holbert History (Hillsboro, Missouri, 1985), p. 322.
 Bureau of Land Management General Land Office, Missouri Patents, St. Louis Land Office, MO 1140, p. 336, #32456.
 1860 federal census, Crawford County, Missouri, Steelville, p. 766 (dwelling/family 41; 11 June).
 History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford & Gasconade Counties, Missouri (Goodspeed: Chicago, 1888), p. 1058. See also his obituary in Steelville Ledger (24 March 1898), p. 5, col. 4.
 See supra, n. 2. See also his death certificate (Crawford County, Missouri, 1920, #12044).