Mark’s tombstone in Old Armistead Chapel Methodist cemetery at Coushatta, Red River Parish, Louisiana, has only his years of birth and death. The tombstone, erected by his children some years following Mark’s death, gives his year of birth as 1822 and his year of death as 1878.
Both the 1850 and 1870 federal censuses imply a birth year of 1820 for Mark: in 1850, he is aged 30, and in 1870, he’s 50. On the 1860 federal census, Mark’s age is given as 39, implying a birth year of 1821 for him. The final settlement of the estate of Mark’s father Dennis Lindsey in Lawrence County, Alabama, lists Dennis’s children in order of birth, showing Mark between his older sister Sarah Brooks Lindsey Speake and his younger brother Thomas Madison Lindsey. Sarah was born 1 August 1818 and Thomas was born 9 October 1821.
It might also be noted that the 1820 Alabama state census (the federal census for the state is missing in this year) shows Dennis and Jane Lindsey having two sons in their household. These are Mark and his older brother John Wesley Lindsey, who was born in April 1814. By 1820, Dennis had moved his family to Lawrence County, Alabama, to land he acquired there in September 1818 adjacent to what would become the community of Oakville a few years down the road. This is where Dennis and Jane Lindsey’s son Mark Jefferson Lindsey, who was named Mark for Dennis’s father, was born. A biography of Mark J. Lindsey’s son Benjamin Dennis Lindsey published in 1927 in the book Texas Under Many Flags states that B.D. Lindsey’s father was a native of Lawrence County, Alabama, and his mother of Talladega, Alabama.
Though Mark was just short of age 18 at the time, he was evidently considered of age by 15 September 1838, when, as noted above, he acted as trustee in a deed of trust Jacob H. Huffaker made with John M. Davis in Oakville. The deed of trust notes that Jacob was mortgaging a lot in Oakville, the premises of the store of McDaniel and Gibson, due to his indebtedness to Davis. The indenture was filed 12 October 1838. As stated previously, the original indenture in Lawrence County loose-papers court case files has Mark’s signature, which is firm and clear, suggesting that he was a man of more than minimal literacy.
Jacob H. Huffaker appears in a number of records involving members of the Brooks and Lindsey families in Lawrence and Morgan County, Alabama, in this period, and is clearly related to Wesley Huffaker, who married Mark J. Lindsey’s aunt Hannah Brooks in Wayne County, Kentucky, on 9 December 1828 — but I have not yet determined how Wesley and Jacob were related. Wesley was the son of Isaac Huffaker (1776-1835) of Wayne County. Isaac had a brother Jacob (1771-1855), who moved from Wayne County to Morgan County, Illinois, between 1820-1825 — so he cannot be the Jacob of this 1838 Lawrence County, Alabama, record. But the 1830 federal census shows a Jacob Huffaker living in Wayne County who is aged 60-69, and would therefore have been born between 1761 and 1770.
On 3 March 1841 in Wayne County, a Jacob Huffaker who appears to be younger than the Jacob on the 1830 census married Mary Shearer. I find conflicting information about this Jacob and his parents. He strikes me as a likely candidate to be the Jacob H. Huffaker found in Lawrence-Morgan County, Alabama, records in the late 1830s, however, since Thomas and Sarah Whitlock Brooks, parents of Hannah Brooks Huffaker and Jane Brooks Lindsey, sold their homeplace and other pieces of land in Wayne County to Daniel Shearer in November 1836 as they made their move from Kentucky to Morgan County, Alabama. The area of Wayne County in which Thomas Brooks lived was named Shearer Valley for this family, and Bethesda Methodist church, in whose cemetery Wesley and Hannah Brooks Huffaker are buried, is also in Shearer Valley.
In addition to the 15 September deed of trust in Lawrence County, Alabama, in which Mark J. Lindsey acts as trustee on behalf of Jacob H. Huffaker, I find a promissory note in the loose-papers estate file of Thomas Brooks in Morgan County dated 18 December 1836, signed by Charles Brooks and J.H. Huffaker, showing the two promising to pay Thomas Brooks $300 for value received from him. Charles was Thomas’s son. The estate file also has a promissory note dated the same day signed by Samuel Brooks, another of Thomas’s sons, and J.H. Huffaker. The return of Thomas Brooks’s estate recorded on 18 May 1839 in Morgan County shows two notes owed to the estate by Thomas’s son Samuel Brooks along with J.H. Huffaker.
A 10 March 1840 estate account filed by Charles Brooks found in the loose-papers estate file shows that, in addition to cash received at the estate sale, the sale took notes from (among others) Mark Lindsey, J.H. Huffaker, J. Brooks, James R. Brooks, Samuel K. Brooks, Mark J. Lindsey, and Jane Lindsey. On the same date, Milton McLanahan compiled an inventory of notes owing to the estate, also found in the loose-papers estate file. Those owing the estate included, among others, Charles Brooks with several notes signed by both him and J.H. Huffaker, Samuel Brooks and J.H. Huffaker, James. R. Brooks (brother of Charles and Samuel) with several notes signed jointly with J.H. Huffaker, and Mark J. Lindsey with a note signed by J.H. Huffaker. Daniel Shearer also owed the estate a note. The estate file also contains two notes to the estate dated 20 April 1839, one co-signed by Mark J. Lindsey, Jacob H. Huffaker, and James Brooks for $5.00, and another co-signed by Mark J. Lindsey, J.H. Huffaker, and Samuel K. Brooks for $120.15. The account of the sale of the estate, which was held on the same day (i.e., 20 April 1839), shows Mark J. Lindsey buying a clock from the estate for $5.00. Jacob H. Huffaker was also a buyer at the estate sale.
Mark’s Marriage to Mary Ann Harrison
Later in 1839, Mark J. Lindsey married. On 19 October 1839, he gave bond for his marriage to Mary Ann Harrison in Lawrence County with Amos P. Galloway as his bondsman. On 22 October, Methodist minister Moses Stroude Morris married the couple. As noted previously, Moses S. Morris also officiated at the weddings of Mark’s siblings John Wesley Lindsey, Sarah Brooks Lindsey, and Mary Jane Lindsey. For biographical information about Moses, see this previous posting.
Mark’s bondsman for his marriage, Amos P. Galloway, was Amos Ponder Galloway, sheriff of Lawrence County and son of Anderson Galloway and Delilah Ponder. Not long after 1850, he moved to Rusk County, Texas, where he was elected to the state legislature on behalf of that county, being sworn in in 1856. On 2 February 1861, he was a signatory to the state’s secession declaration.
How Mark J. Lindsey and Mary Ann Harrison might have met is an intriguing question to ask. As noted previously, the 1927 biography of their son Benjamin D. Lindsey in Texas Under Many Flags states that his mother was a native of Talladega, Alabama. Talladega County is several counties removed from Lawrence County: Moulton, county seat of Lawrence County, is some 146 miles northwest of Talladega, county seat of Talladega County.
Mary Ann was the daughter of Benjamin Harrison and Nancy Stewart, who married 25 April 1819 in Madison County, Alabama. Benjamin died young. Pages torn from “an old Family Psalm book” belonging to his parents Richard Harrison and Rachel Dorsey and submitted with Rachel’s application for a Revolutionary widow’s pension give Benjamin’s date of birth as 9 March 1794.
Benjamin had died in Talladega County, Alabama, by 10 January 1835, when his brother Richard Johnson Harrison appealed there for administration of Benjamin’s estate. If Benjamin had moved his family with him to Talladega County by the time of his death, however, that move had taken place not long before his death, since various documents show his and Nancy Stewart’s first three children, John Wesley, Mary Ann, and Benjamin Dorsey Harrison, born in Madison County, Alabama, and the next two, Richard Thomas and Abraham Anderson Harrison, born in Lincoln County, Tennessee. Abraham, the last child, was born 12 January 1833.
Madison County, Alabama, is not far removed from Lawrence County: Morgan County, which borders Lawrence on the east, borders Madison on the south. Lincoln County, Tennessee, borders Madison on the north. Benjamin Harrison’s sparse estate records in Talladega County suggest that he had gone to that county not long prior to his death to establish a business with his brother-in-law Richard Stewart. It appears that the Stewart family to which Nancy Stewart Harrison belonged had ties to Lawrence County, and those ties may well explain how Mark J. Lindsey and Mary Ann Harrison met.
As noted in previous postings, Mark J. Lindsey’s father Dennis Lindsey was closely associated with a John Stewart who petitioned, along with Dennis, for the erection of a school at Oakville in July 1827. John’s wife Elizabeth Cornelius was a sister to Deniah Cornelius, who married Mark J. Lindsey’s uncle Charles Madison Brooks. Among the children of John and Elizabeth Cornelius was Abram/Abraham M. Stewart (abt. 1817 – abt. 1858), who appears in Lawrence County records as a business associate of Mark J. Lindsey’s older brother John Wesley Lindsey and of their uncle Alexander Mackey Brooks. I have not determined the connection of Mary Ann Harrison Lindsey’s mother Nancy Stewart Harrison to John Stewart, but it seems clear to me that there was some close connection between the two, and that this connection likely accounts for how Mark J. Lindsey and Mary Ann Harrison met.
The newly married couple Mark and Mary Ann Harrison Lindsey are on the 1840 federal census in Lawrence County with a young male aged 5-10 in their household. The census shows an older male and female, both aged 20-30, who are Mark and Mary Ann. By 1840, the newly married couple had no children of their own. The young male in their household is evidently Mary Ann’s youngest brother Abraham Anderson Harrison, who is also found in their household in 1850, and who was, as noted above, born 12 January 1833. Mark and Mary Ann raised Abraham. The 1840 census listing shows Mark and Mary Ann living near his mother Jane Lindsey, who is listed on the same census page.
The 17 January 1846 issue of Moulton Advertiser contains a list of dead letters found in the Moulton post office. The list includes the name Jefferson Lindsey. It’s difficult to ascertain whether this is Mark Jefferson Lindsey, son of Dennis Lindsey and Jane Brooks, or another Mark Jefferson Lindsey, whose parents were John and Susanna (McBride?) Lindsey, who was also of age in Lawrence County at this time. This Mark Jefferson Lindsey married Cornelia Rachel Williams in Lawrence County on 25 September 1845.
As I’ve noted previously, it seems to me likely that John Lindsey with wife Susanna was a brother or half-brother of Mark Lindsey, father of Dennis Lindsey (married Jane Brooks). In his book Early Settlers of Alabama, James Edmond Saunders suggests that the Mark Jefferson Lindsey who was son of John and Susanna used the nickname Jeff, which indicates that the Jefferson Lindsey named in the 1846 list of unclaimed letters at Moulton is John’s son. Saunders recounts the circumstances of Jeff Lindsey’s death at Gettysburg, as a soldier in Co. H. of Warren’s 9th Regiment (CSA), noting that his father Jack Lindsey was “an old settler on the Flint.” Saunders says the following about Jeff Lindsey’s death: “He was a brave soldier, and fell on the second day of the battle of Gettysburg. A gentleman, who was by his side, told me that he was shot through the breast and fell dead in the bloody conflict with the Irish brigade.”
The Move to Louisiana
A case filed in Lawrence County court by Joel W. Hickey on 4 October 1849 allows us to pinpoint the period in which Mark J. and Mary Ann Lindsey left Lawrence County for Louisiana. Hickey was suing Mark for debt in the amount of $65; his complaint notes that Mark J. Lindsey was intending to remove from the state when he filed suit. A document in the file states that Lindsey had executed a promissory note to Hickey on 9 February 1842. The case file contains a 5 October 1849 court summons to James W. Ledbetter to testify in the suit.
On the same date, Hickey seems to have upped the ante of his legal claim, suing Lindsey with a “Plea of Trespass on the case upon promise to his damage one hundred and fifty dollars.” Joel W. Hickey was a local doctor who appears in the estate records of Mark J. Lindsey’s grandfather Thomas Madison Brooks as the doctor treating Thomas M. Brooks at the time of his death. He witnessed Thomas M. Brooks’s will in Morgan County on 2 October 1838 along with Mark’s brother John Wesley Lindsey. The 1850 federal census shows Joel and wife Susan in Lawrence County, Alabama, with a three-year-old son named Rough & Ready Hickey, a nickname for President Zachary Taylor dating from his service in the Seminole War.
This Joel W. Hickey case seems to confirm the tradition of descendants of Mark J. Lindsey in Louisiana that he moved his family from Alabama to Louisiana in 1849 or 1850, and the 1850 federal census confirms that Mark and Mary Ann were in Louisiana by 4 November of that year, when they appear on the census in Bossier Parish with sons Dawsey, 9, M.T., 4, and Jeremiah J., 1, in their household, as well as Mary Ann’s brother Abram Harrison, 19. The census shows Mark as 30, a planter born in Alabama, with $300 real worth, and wife Mary A. as 28, born in Tennessee.
Dawsey is Michael Dorsey Lindsey, and M.T. is Thomas Madison Lindsey, the first two sons of Mark and Mary Ann. The census lists these two sons as born in Alabama and their brother Jeremiah in Louisiana. As we’ll see, while the 1870 federal census agrees with the 1850 census that Mary Ann Harrison Lindsey was born in Tennessee, the 1860 federal census corroborates what her son Benjamin Dennis Lindsey reported in 1927 to Clarence Wharton — that his mother was born in Alabama. It seems to me likely that the Harrisons lived near the Tennessee-Alabama state line in the period when Mary Ann was born, since they are in both Lincoln County, Tennesee, records and Madison County, Alabama, records before Benjamin Harrison moved the family to Talladega County not long before he died.
In an 18 November 1980 letter to me, my uncle Henry Carlton Lindsey, a grandson of Mark J. Lindsey’s son Alexander Cobb Lindsey, tells me he had recently visited Lindsey relatives in Coushatta, Louisiana. They included Clarence Edgerton Lindsey, a son of Alexander Cobb Lindsey; Barbara Morgan Kellogg, whose husband John Ewan Kellogg was a grandson of Mark J. Lindsey’s sisters Frances Rebecca Lindsey Kellogg and Margareet Lindsey Hunter; and Laura Hunter Morgan, a granddaughter of Mark J. Lindsey’s sister Margaret Lindsey Hunter. These relatives told him that Mark and Mary Ann Lindsey came to Louisiana from Alabama sometime around 1850 with several other families, who traveled in a caravan of horse-drawn wagons.
The group followed the Natchez Trace through Mississippi to Vicksburg and crossed the Mississippi River on log-raft ferries. One of the families stopped at Delhi, Louisiana, while the others moved on west across north Louisiana through what are now Monroe and Ruston, settling for a while near Dubach in what was then Union Parish but is now Lincoln Parish. Mark and Mary Ann then went to Bossier Parish, where they stayed (living also at some points in Claiborne Parish) some years before moving to the part of Natchitoches Parish that became Red River Parish in 1871.
An article entitled “Early Settlement of the Area” in the volume Red River Parish: Our Heritage states that there were two usual routes of migration into north Louisiana from the east during the first half of the 19th century: by way of Mobile and New Orleans, then up the Mississippi River and along the Red and Ouachita Rivers; or overland through Mississippi and across the river at Vicksburg, Rodney, or Natchez, Mississippi. This source says that the area that became Red River Parish saw its greatest influx of settlers during the 1850s.
A number of indicators suggest to me that Mark and Mary Ann moved to northwest Louisiana along with Mary Ann’s brother John Wesley Harrison, who served during the Mexican-American War in the Eutaw Rangers company (Co. D) of John R. Coffey’s 1st Alabama Militia. John’s brothers Richard Thomas Harrison and Benjamin Dorsey Harrison were in Jacob Shelley’s company (Co. E) of the same militia unit. John enlisted on 6 June 1846 in Mobile, with brothers Richard and Benjamin following suit on the 16th. They were then sent to Mexico via New Orleans, with John and Benjamin returning to New Orleans to be discharged on 27-8 May 1847 and Richard to Texas, where he was discharged at Camp Alabama on the Rio Grande on 27 July 1846.
Prior to enlisting, John W. Harrison had married Permelia Caroline Harper, daughter of James Washington Harper and Rebecca Morgan, in Shelby County, Alabama. Benjamin D. Harrison returned from the war to marry his cousin Angelina Patience Harrison, daughter of Richard Johnson Harrison and Rebecca Wilson, in Autauga County on 9 November 1848. An affidavit Richard T. Harrison gave as he filed for a Mexican-American War pension on 18 September 1885 in Franklin County, Texas, states that he returned to Alabama to live at Wetumpka and Talladega into 1848, when he moved to Cherokee County, Texas, then later in 1848 to Bastrop County and in 1851 to Kaufman County. On 8 July 1850 in Cherokee County, he married Margaret Jones, daughter of John W. Jones and Lydia Williams.
The point of this discussion of the Mexican-American War service of the three Harrison brothers is to note that all three were discharged from service in that war in the latter half of the 1840s and then came to Louisiana and Texas not long after their discharge. John W. Harrison and wife Permelia were living in Homer in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, by 1850, per the federal census for that year, with John working as a clerk in the law office of Tillinghast Vaughn. Richard, as noted a moment ago, had moved to Texas in 1848, and then in the early 1850s, would join his brothers in Claiborne Parish, Lousiana, before moving back to Texas in 1869. Benjamin came to Homer from Alabama in 1851, establishing the first newspaper for that town.
Part of what seems to have motivated the Harrison brothers to come to northwest Louisiana and Texas during this period is the lure of bounty land for their Mexican-American War service. John claimed bounty land in Bossier Parish under the bounty act of 1855. This act followed an October 1850 act setting aside land for military grants in Louisiana. As J. Hugh LeBaron notes, there was a migration of Mexican-American soldiers from Alabama to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana in the late 1840s and 1850s, as these discharged soldiers sought land for their service. LeBaron indicates, for instance, that Thomas P. Hamilton and William G. Coleman, both of whom served with Benjamin D. Harrison during the war and gave affidavits for each other’s service as they applied for pensions, made the move from Alabama to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, in this period. According to LeBaron, on 1 November 1850, Coleman appeared in Perry County, Alabama, court to declare his eligibility for bounty land under an act of Congress passed a month earlier, and then he went soon after this to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, where he became a state legislator representing that parish in 1854.
The pen-and-ink drawing of Mark J. Lindsey at the head of the posting appears in Henry C. Lindsey, The Mark Lindsey Heritage (Brownwood, Texas, 1982), p. 3. Henry Lindsey thought the drawing was a portrait of Mark, grandfather of Mark J. Lindsey, but it’s actually a portrait of Mark J. Lindsey, as can be seen from the style of clothes worn by the man in the portrait, a style post-dating the period in which Mark Lindsey would have been of the age of the man in this picture. Also, when the drawing is compared with a photo of Mark J. Lindsey as an elderly man that I’ll share in my next posting, it’s clear the two men are the same man.
In a letter to me in the 1980s, Henry C. Lindsey told me that he did not know who owns the bible in which the drawing had been saved. It was given to him by a woman he did not know at a Lindsey family reunion, who told him it had been in an old family bible owned by her branch of the Lindsey family, and that it was a drawing of “Mark Lindsey.”
In my next posting, I’ll follow the family of Mark Jefferson Lindsey and Mary Ann Harrison following their move to Louisiana in 1849.
 Lawrence County, Alabama, loose court case files, box 291, folder 85 (Probate Court, 1838).
 1850 federal census, Bossier Parish, Louisiana, ward 3, township 23, p. 299 (family and dwelling 1003; 4 November); 1870 federal census, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, Coushatta Chute, ward 13, p. 531 (dwelling 22, family 19; 24 June).
 1860 federal census, Bossier Parish, Louisiana, Orchard Grove post office, ward 6, p. 729 (dwelling and family 291; 13 August).
 Lawrence County, Alabama, Orphans Court Bk. H, pp. 62-71.
 Clarence R. Wharton, ed., Texas Under Many Flags, vol. 4 (Chicago: American Hist. Soc., 1930), p. 221.
 See supra, n. 1; the indenture is also recorded in Lawrence County, Alabama, Deed Bk. H, pp. 167-8.
 According to Steve Cotham, “The Old Seven Islands Cemetery and Church on the French Broad River, Knox County, Tennessee,” Tennessee Ancestors 1,3 (December 1985), p. 158, the Jacob Huffaker who married Mary Shearer in Wayne County, Kentucky, in 1841 is the Reverend Jacob Huffaker buried with wife Mary in the old Seven Islands Methodist Cemetery in Knox County, Tennessee, and is son of Justus Huffaker, brother to Isaac Huffaker. The Find a Grave memorial page for this Jacob Huffaker maintained by Kathy Neal King states that Jacob was the son of Justus and Isaac’s brother George Michael Huffaker. In her The Rectors of Wayne County, Kentucky (Charlottesville: Wayside, 1975), Clara Rector Barnes Smart says (p. 243) that Justus and George went from Washington County, Virginia, to Knox County, Tennessee, when their brother Isaac went to Wayne County, Kentucky. She notes that they were a prominent Methodist family in Knox County and that Bishop Asbury ordained Justus a deacon in 1802.
 Wayne County, Kentucky, Deed Bk. G, pp. 152-3, and Deed Bk. I, p. 391.
 See Bess D. Stokes and Elizabeth F. Duncan, Methodism in Wayne County, Kentucky, 1802-1974 (Somerset, Kentucky: Commonwealth-Journal, 1974), pp. 51-3; and Augusta Phillips Johnson, A Century of Wayne County, Kentucky, 1800-1900 (Louisville: Standard, 1939), p. 84.
 Morgan County, Alabama, Orphans Court Minute Bk. 5, p. 369.
 Lawrence County, Alabama, Orphans Court Marriage Bk. B, p. 239.
 See supra, n. 7.
 Madison County, Alabama, Marriage Bk. 2, p. 249.
 The pages taken from the psalm book with names and dates of birth of Richard and Rachel’s children are in Rachel Harrison’s widow’s pension application for Richard’s Revolutionary service, W2934.
 Talladega County, Alabama, Will Bk. A, p. 46.
 Lawrence County, Alabama, Orphans Court Minutes Bk. C, p. 171
 John Stewart died in Lawrence County before 1839. Lawrence County Orphans Court Bk. F, pp. 292 and 416 show his widow Elizabeth as guardian of the couple’s minor heirs Abram M. Stewart, Matthew A. Stewart, Martha J. Stewart, and Margaret Stewart. Elizabeth applied at March court 1841 for final settlement of her guardianship of these heirs.
 1840 federal census, Lawrence County, Alabama, p. 209.
 For the 1850 census listing, see supra, n. 3.
 See Old Lawrence Reminiscences 14,2 (June 2000), p. 53.
 Lawrence County, Alabama, Orphans Court Marriage Bk. C, p. 178.
 James Edmond Saunders, Early Settlers of Alabama (New Orleans, 1899), p. 91.
 Ibid., p. 165.
 Lawrence County, Alabama, loose-papers court case files, box 44, folder 66, #4858.
 See supra, n. 3.
 See supra, n. 3, 4, 7.
 “Early Settlement of the Area,” in Red River Parish: Our Heritage, ed. Red River Parish Heritage Society (Bossier City: Everett, 1989), p. 8.
 Ibid., p. 11.
 I’m citing the Mexican-American War service file of John W. Harrison brothers, and the pension files of Richard and Benjamin.
 1850 federal census, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, Homer post office p. 147 (family and dwelling 779, 15 October).
 J. Hugh LeBaron, Perry Volunteers in the Mexican War (Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2002), pp. 94-6.