Children of Dennis Lindsey (1794-1836) and Jane Brooks: Thomas Madison Lindsey (1821-1898)

Tombstone of Thomas Madison Lindsey, Moody cemetery, Moody, McLennan County, Texas; photo is by Ann Lewis Dickenson, from his Find a Grave memorial page

Thomas Madison Lindsey’s dates of birth and death are recorded on his tombstone in Moody cemetery at Moody, McLennan County, Texas. The tombstone states that Thomas was born 9 October 1821 and died 1 November 1898, aged 77 years and 22 days. I have no information about when this tombstone was erected. It appears to date from the period of his death.[1] Thomas is buried next to his last wife Mary Elizabeth Boley (a widow Sims when he married her), and her stone is similar in style to Thomas’s. Mary Elizabeth died 5 April 1915. Photos of both tombstones by Ann Lewis Dickenson are at their Find a Grave memorial pages.[2]

Thomas’s tombstone gives his name as M.T. Lindsey. Federal censuses from 1850 through 1880 confirm the 1821 date of birth: as we’ll see when we look more closely at these censuses, the 1850 census (Itawamba County, Mississippi) shows him as 29; he’s 39 in 1860 (Lawrence County, Alabama), 49 in 1870 (McLennan County, Texas), and 59 in 1880 (also McLennan County, Texas). These censuses consistently report Alabama as his place of birth. 

Thomas Madison Lindsey married his first wife, Margaret Jane Torrence, daughter of Adam Torrence and Grizel/Grizelle Caroline Mathews, in Lawrence County, Alabama, on 26 December 1843.[3] The marriage record (which I have not seen: see note 3) apparently shows the couple married by a Rev. D.P. Hooker. Margaret’s family attended Friendship Baptist church near Danville in Morgan County, Alabama, and her parents are buried in the cemetery of that church.[4] It’s possible Rev. Hooker was connected to the Friendship church, but, if so, I haven’t found any information to confirm this.

The Lawrence County, Alabama, and Itawamba County, Mississippi, Years

At some point in the late 1840s, Thomas moved his family to Itawamba County, Mississippi, where he is enumerated on the 1850 federal census. Thomas and Margaret’s son George Washington Lindsey was born in Alabama on 8 July 1847, and their next child, a daughter named Grizel/Grizelle A. Lindsey, was born in Mississippi about 1850. The family had returned to Alabama by August 1854 when their next child, Dennis Adam Lindsey, was born.

As we’ve seen, Thomas’s older brother John Wesley Lindsey had settled in Itawamba County just before 1840. Thomas and John’s uncle Charles Brooks had moved to Itawamba in the same time frame, and following their marriage in Lawrence County on 8 November 1848, Thomas’s sister Frances Rebecca and her husband Samuel Hiram Kellogg had also gone to Itawamba, where they appear on the 1850 federal census not far from the family of Thomas Madison Lindsey. I think it’s likely that Thomas M. Lindsey moved his family to Itawamba along with his sister Frances Rebecca and her husband not long before 1850.

The 1850 census shows Thomas Madison Lindsey in district 6 of Itawamba County.[5] Thomas (whose name is given as Thomas Lendsey) is 29, a farmer born in Alabama with $800 real worth. His wife Margaret J. is 28, also born in the Alabama. In the household are children Asenath Ann, 5, Jane A., 4, George W., 3, and Grizell A., 1 month. All children except Grizell are born in Alabama. The 1850 federal slave schedule for Itawamba County also shows Thomas holding an enslaved woman aged 17 in district 6.[6] 

Next to Thomas Madison Lindsey on the 1850 federal census in Itawamba County is a Thomas Dutton, 23, born in Alabama, who is a single man and with whom I think it’s likely Thomas M. Lindsey was farming. The slave schedule shows Thomas Dutton holding 11 enslaved people. I think it’s very likely this Thomas Dutton is from the family of Thomas Dutton who died in Lawrence County, Alabama, in 1826, and of whose estate Thomas M. Lindsey’s father Dennis and grandfather Mark were appraisers.

Thomas Madison Lindsey continues to show up in Lawrence County, Alabama, records following 1850. A 12 November 1852 deed in Lawrence County shows Thomas indebted to Darius Lynch,[7] who, as we’ve seen, appraised the estate of Thomas’s grandmother Mary Jane Dinsmore Lindsey in Lawrence County along with Thomas’s brother-in-law James B. Speake.

The previously discussed diary kept by Thomas’s sister-in-law Frances Jarvis Torrence as a schoolgirl at the female academy in Moulton in the 1850s speaks of Thomas and his wife Margaret a number of times.[8] On 7 January 1855, Fannie notes that Brother Lindsey had come to visit her family in Morgan County, and on  9 January, she mentions a visit from her sister Margaret Lindsey. As we saw in the previous posting, on 26 January of the same year, Fannie records that Thomas M. Lindsey had come with his nephew Henry Clay Speake and Mr. Irwin and Mr. Wallace to visit her brother James who was dying of tuberculosis.[9]

On 4 September 1855, Fannie Torrence notes that Brother Thomas had come to visit on Sabbath evening after church, and that she had gone home with him, and was helping her Sis Marge to make her daughters Anna and Novella a white Jacknette dress — a dress made, that is, from jaconet, a lightweight cotton muslin fabric popular in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Soon after this on the 9th, Fannie states that Brother Thomas and Sis Marge Lindsey lived five miles from her family, and on 30 September, she writes that Br. Lindsey and his family had come after meeting (i.e., church) to visit her family. The Torrences lived just across the Lawrence County line in Morgan County, while Thomas’s family lived on the Lawrence County side of the line.

The following month on 28 October, Fannie records that “Brother and Sister staid till evening.” This statement refers to Thomas M. Lindsey and his wife Margaret, since — after noting that her brother William had gone home with them — Fannie says, “Sister wont come here till the end of the week. O Novella is so sweet and smart. I know I never loved a child so well. Poor little thing, I won’t have her with me long to love.” 

Novella was Thomas and Margaret’s second child, Jane Novella Lindsey, who was born 21 February 1846. The statement that Fannie would not have her niece Novella long with her suggests that, by this date, Thomas and Margaret were already talking about moving away from Lawrence County. As we’ll see in a moment, there’s a tradition among Thomas’s descendants that the family moved to Fayette County, Alabama, by the time of the Civil War, with Thomas’s wife Margaret dying there, and from there, Thomas moved his family before 1870 to McLennan County, Texas.

On 1 March 1858, Thomas patented 39.72 acres in Lawrence County at the Huntsville federal land office. The land was the northwest ¼ northeast ¼ of section 6, township 8 south, range 6 west. The certificate for the land notes that Thomas M. Lindsey was living in Lawrence County when it was issued on 1 March 1858.[10]

The family of Thomas Madison Lindsey is found on the 1860 federal census in the southern division of Lawrence County (Moulton post office).[11] Thomas’s name is given as Thomas M. Lindsy. He’s 39, a farmer born in Alabama with $1,400 real worth and $400 personal worth. Wife Margaret is 38, born in North Carolina. In the household are children Esaneth, 15, Jane, 14, George, 12, Grisel, 10, Mary, 8, Dennis, 5, James, 3, and Rufus, 1 month, all born in Alabama. 

Note that the 1850 census (discussed above) has Margaret Torrence Lindsey born in Alabama, not North Carolina. According to the authors of The History and Genealogy of Some Pioneer North Alabama Families, Margaret’s father Adam Torrence moved his family from North Carolina to Alabama shortly before Alabama became a state in 1819.[12] On the 1880 federal census, the children of Thomas and Margaret still alive at that point consistently report that their mother was born in Alabama.

Thomas is also enumerated on the 1860 federal agricultural census in the southern division of Lawrence County (Moulton post office) with 70 acres of improved land and 120 acres unimproved.[13]

On 12 March 1861 in Lawrence County, Thomas and Margaret’s daughter Esaneth Ann married William Harrison LaFever, the son of Gillam LaFever and Nancy Michael. Their marriage file shows Thomas providing a permission letter for his daughter on the 11th, and states that the couple married at the home of the bride’s father the following day with Reverend John S. Marks officiating.[14] Esaneth is the niece Anna about whom her aunt Frances Torrence wrote on 4 September 1855, stating that she and her sister Margaret were making Anna and Novella a white jaconet dress (“Jacknette” for Fannie).

Vivian Cormany Land, “Thomas Madison Lindsey,” in The Moody Area, Its History and People 1852-1981, ed. Estelle Mabray Rice (Waco: Texian Press, 1981), pp. 367-8

According to a brief biography of Thomas Madison Lindsey that his descendant Vivian Cormany Land wrote in 1981, by the time of the Civil War, Thomas and his family had relocated from Lawrence County to Fayette County, Alabama, a bit south of Lawrence.[15] Land was a granddaughter of Thomas’s daughter Jane Novella Lindsey and her husband James Daniel May. In a biography of her grandparents that she published in the same Moody, Texas, history in which her biography of Thomas M. Lindsey appeared, she states that her grandmother Jane “related many memories of her days on the plantation as a young woman. The most outstanding were those of the Civil War.”[16]

Vivian Cormany Land, “James D. (Jim) May,” in The Moody Area, Its History and People 1852-1981, ed. Estelle Mabray Rice (Waco: Texian Press, 1981), pp. 379-380

These family stories state that by the Civil War, Thomas had bought a plantation in Fayette County that was destroyed during the war, and that his wife Margaret died at some point during these years. After this, Thomas took his family to McLennan County, Texas, in the fall of 1866, according to Land. These family stories imply that Margaret died in Fayette County at some point after her last child, Sarah Margaret, was born on 6 February 1864, and that Thomas then remarried a second wife, Alice. 

I have found no death or burial records for Margaret, and no record for Thomas’s marriage to Alice, which had taken place by 1870, when she is listed as his wife on the federal census in McLennan County, Alabama. The death certificate of Sarah Margaret Lindsey, who married James William Conger, and who died in San Antonio, Texas, on 10 April 1927, gives her birthplace as Alabama, without providing a specific place of birth in that state. Her son-in-law William Lundy Coleman supplied this information.[17]

I haven’t found any corroboration that Thomas and his family were in Fayette County, in the 1860s. In fact, I don’t find Thomas anywhere in either the direct or indirect index to deeds in Fayette County. (It might be noted here that many Southern families handed down stories after the Civil War about plantations burned by Union troops and faithful enslaved people who protected white plantation owners — and a large proportion of those stories have no sound basis in fact.)

The Texas Years

According to Henry C. Lindsey, Thomas left Alabama following the Civil War and initially followed several siblings to Louisiana before moving on to Texas.[18] Thomas’s brothers Mark Jefferson Lindsey and Samuel Asbury Lindsey, and his sisters Margaret and husband William Hunter and Frances Rebecca and husband Samuel H. Kellogg, had all gone to Louisiana by the 1860s. In 1860, the Hunters and Kelloggs were both living in Claiborne Parish,[19] and Samuel married a second wife in the same parish in 1860. Samuel and his brother Mark are both enumerated on the 1860 federal census in Bossier Parish west of Claiborne Parish.[20]

By 1865, the families of Mark J. Lindsey, William and Margaret Hunter, and Frances Rebecca Kellogg, whose husband died in 1863, had all moved down to the section of Natchitoches Parish near Coushatta Chute that would become Red River Parish in 1870. Samuel A. Lindsey had died back in Alabama during the Civil War, with his widow and their children remaining in Claiborne Parish. If Thomas M. Lindsey moved to Louisiana following the Civil War to settle there briefly, he’d likely have gone to Claiborne or Natchitoches Parish.

This would have been a very brief relocation, however, since the 1870 federal census shows Thomas in McLennan County by that year. According to Vivian Cormany Land, Thomas settled first at Robinsonville (later Robinson), six miles south of Waco, and then later bought property at Old Perry northeast of Moody.[21] As Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl indicates, Perry faded as a community after the railroad bypassed it in the 1880s and was superseded by Moody.[22]

The 1870 federal census does not specify precisely where Thomas M. Lindsey was living in McLennan County, other than to include the family in the area tagged as “west of Brazos River” with Waco as its post office.[23] Thomas Linsey is listed as a farmer aged 49, born in Alabama, with $1,000 real worth and $500 personal worth. Wife Alice is 22, born in Missouri. The children in the household all belong to Thomas’s first wife Margaret J. Torrence: Dennis, 16, James, 14, and Sarah, 5, all born in Alabama.

I have been unable to find any information about Alice other than what this census listing tells us. As noted previously, Vivian Cormany Land implies that Thomas married Alice in Fayette County, Alabama, after Margaret died around 1865. But since Thomas and Alice did not begin having children until 1871, it seems to me more likely that he married Alice in Texas, or, if he did settle briefly in northwest Louisiana after leaving Alabama, then in Louisiana. I think the couple had only recently married when the 1870 census was taken.

A number of online family trees state that Alice is Alice Mahala Ward, daughter of John O. Ward and Julia Anna Lewis, who are found on the 1850 federal census in New Madrid County, Missouri, and on the 1860 federal census in Benton County, Arkansas.[24] I have seen no documentation at these trees or elsewhere to confirm this claim. I have found no indication that Thomas was ever in Arkansas, and have not been able to trace this Ward family to either Louisiana or Texas after 1860. In fact, I cannot track the family after its appearance in Benton County, Arkansas, on the 1860 census.

Thomas M. Lindsey had two children by wife Alice — Alice (born 2 February 1871) and Lula (born 8 October 1872). Of the two, Alice left a death certificate. She married Polk Benton Boyse and died 3 November 1937 at Temple in Bell County, Texas, though her death certificate lists her residence at time of death as Moody. Alice’s husband Polk B. Boyse provided the information for her death certificate, which gives her father as Tom Lindsey but says her mother’s name was unknown.[25]

Several sources indicate that Thomas M. Lindsey’s farm in McLennan County was a popular destination for young men in the Lindsey family struck by Texas fever during the 1870s and 1880s. In an autobiographical essay he wrote in 1920, Benjamin Dennis Lindsey, son of Thomas’s brother Mark Jefferson Lindsey and wife Mary Ann Harrison, states that he left his parents’ farm in Red River Parish, Louisiana, when he was 17 years old, heading to his uncle’s farm in Waco, where he worked a while before going “up the trail” as a cowboy.[26]

Since Benjamin Dennis Lindsey was born 21 January 1856, his move to his uncle Tom’s farm would have occurred in 1873, if he was 17 at the time he headed to Texas. The autobiography goes on to say that B.D. Lindsey had bunked with “Ad Lindsey” — i.e., Thomas Madison Lindsey’s son Dennis Adam Lindsey — while he worked on his uncle’s farm, and he caught the dream to become a cowboy from his cousin, who was two years older than he was. Dennis Adam Lindsey had previously gone up the trail. The autobiography goes on to relate in some detail the experiences B.D. Lindsey had as a cowboy driving cattle to Wyoming, a job he found so arduous that he made only one such trip before returning to work on his uncle’s farm and then joining the Texas Rangers in west Texas in 1880.[27]  

As I noted in a previous posting, in a letter she sent their sister Margaret Hunter in Coushatta, Louisiana, on 1 May 1877, Margaret and Thomas’s sister Sarah Lindsey Speake tells Margaret that B. Dennis, who was 18, was eager to go to Texas and take a relative named Billy, whom I have not been able to identify, along with him. Because Benjamin Dennis Lindsey had already gone to Texas by 1873, I think this statement is not referring to him, but to his first cousin Dennis Edward Lindsey, son of Dennis James Lindsey and Sarah Jane Barnes. Dennis James was the youngest brother of Sarah Speake, Margaret Hunter, and Thomas Madison Lindsey.

His biography in Texas Ranger Sketches states that Dennis Edward Lindsey left home (Tupelo, Mississippi) in 1880 after his mother remarried; Dennis’s father Dennis James Lindsey had been killed in the battle of Gettysburg in 1863.[28]According to the biography, when he left home, Dennis Edward Lindsey went by horseback to east Texas, where he had relatives, and operated a crossroads store. He then enlisted in the Texas Rangers in 1887, joining the same unit in which his first cousin Benjamin Dennis Lindsey was serving in west Texas. I think it’s very likely the relatives in east Texas whom Dennis Edwards initially joined when he left home in 1880 were Thomas M. Lindsey and his children. 

Thomas Madison Lindsey’s marriage to Mary Elizabeth Isley (née Cull), McLennan County, Texas, Marriage Bk. A, p. 27

Thomas M. Lindsey’s second wife Alice died sometime between 8 October 1872, when she gave birth to their daughter Lula, and 9 May 1875, when Thomas married a third wife, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of David Watson Cull and Sarah Cannady Brown. Mary Elizabeth was the widow of J. Isley when she married Thomas Madison Lindsey. The couple’s marriage record states that they received license to marry on 8 May 1875 and were married the following day by Reverend O.A. Lackey.

O.A. Lackey is Osburn Alexander Lackey, who is enumerated with his family on the 1870 federal census at Mount Hope in Lawrence County, Alabama.[29] This census states that he was a minister of the gospel. Moulton Advertiser has an obituary for him dated 30 September 1880, noting that he had died on the 10th at his home ten miles south of Waco in McLennan County, and that he was a minister in the Cumberland Presbyterian church.[30] Reverend Lackey is buried in the Robinson cemetery at Robinson in McLennan County.

This photo of Thomas Madison Lindsey and wife Elizabeth (née Cull) was uploaed by Paul Skipper to Elizabeth’s Find a Grave memorial page at Moody cemetery, McLennan County, Texas

Thomas M. Lindsey’s third wife Mary Elizabeth was born in Owen County, Kentucky, on 5 November 1826. She died 5 February 1892 at Moody in McLennan County, and is buried near Thomas in the Moody cemetery

The 1880 federal census shows Thomas and his family in McLennan County, with no indication of the place in which they were living.[31] Thomas (the surname is spelled Lindsay) is 59, a farmer born in Alabama with parents born in Kentucky. Wife Elizabeth, 54, born in Kentucky with parents born in Kentucky. In the household are children Sally, 17, Maud, 19, Alice, 10, and Lula, 9. Sally is born in Alabama, Maud in Missouri, and Alice and Lula in Texas. Maud is a child of Thomas’s wife Elizabeth by her husband J. Isley.  She married William Thaddeus Torrence, a relative of Thomas M. Lindsey’s first wife Margaret. It’s from Maud’s death certificate that we know the surname, but not the given name, of her father J. Isley.[32] Captolia Maud and William Thaddeus Torrence are buried in Moody cemetery.

Thomas Madison Lindsey’s Marriage to Mary Elizabeth Sims (née Boley), McLennan County, Texas, Marriage Bk. G, p. 447

Following wife Elizabeth’s death on 9 May 1892, Thomas Madison Lindsey married a fourth time. His last wife was another Mary Elizabeth — the daughter of Presley Boley and Alice Alvis — and was the widow of John Richard Sims when he married her. Thomas and Mary Elizabeth’s marriage record shows them receiving license on the 24th of June and being married on the 27th by Reverend M.L. Moody of Moody, Texas.

M.L. Moody is Milton Lane Moody, a Methodist minister born in Lawrence County, Alabama, where the 1860 federal census shows his parents John Marshall Moody and Susan Dukeminier living at Moulton post office in the southern division of Lawrence County.[33] His Find a Grave memorial page at Sweetwater cemetery in Sweetwater, Texas, transcribes a biography of Milton Lane Moody from a history of Nolan County, Texas, which states that his family came to Texas after the Civil War. It also notes that he was ordained a Methodist minister in 1880 and was first assigned a pastorate in the Waco circuit.[34]

This photo of Thomas in the final years of his life is in in The Moody Area, Its History and People 1852-1981, ed. Estelle Mabray Rice (Waco: Texian Press, 1981), p. 329

Thomas Madison Lindsey died at Moody on 1 November 1898 and, as previously noted, is buried in Moody cemetery next to his last wife Mary Elizabeth Boley, who was born 3 January 1842 in Smith County, Tennessee, and died 5 April 1912 at Moody. 

This photo of Thomas as an elderly man is in Henry C. Lindsey, The Mark Lindsey Heritage (Brownwood, Texas; 1982), p. 131

According to Vivian Cormany Land, Thomas’s family was Presbyterian prior to its move to Texas, at which point it became Methodist.[35] Henry C. Lindsey states that Thomas was a Methodist minister who married eight times.[36] I haven’t found information confirming that Thomas was a Methodist minister, and the data I can find about his marriages seem to me to indicate that he married four times and not eight. Land thinks his wives Alice, Elizabeth, and Mary E. are all buried at Old Perry cemetery in McLennan County.[37] But as I’ve noted previously, Thomas’s last two wives, both named Mary Elizabeth, are buried in the Moody cemetery in which he his buried, and I have not found a burial place for Alice. No record I’ve seen indicates that she is buried at the Old Perry cemetery.

Land also notes that in addition to farming, Thomas was an appraiser for the First National Bank of Moody. She offers the following sketch of him:

Tom was respected and trusted because of his integrity, his honesty, and his dependability. Tom was a tall, bright-eyed energetic man who lived by the Ten Commandments. He was also a highly disciplined person who guarded his health and tried to see the bright side of life. He arose early nearly every morning and started his day in a rather unusual way. He made a habit of going to the back porch when he arose to wash his face at the wash stand there, then, jumping high into the air and touching his toes with his hands, he gave a loud yell or yodel. This yodel could be heard echoing in the distance by his daughter, Jane Novella, and her husband, Jim May, who lived down the road a mile or so.[38]

I am pretty certain that Thomas Madison Lindsey was named for his maternal grandfather Thomas Brooks, who appears with a middle initial M. in various documents. As I have noted previously, as strongly committed Methodists, Dennis and Jane Brooks Lindsey named their first son (and first child) after the founder of Methodism, John Wesley. Their next child, Sarah Brooks Lindsey, was named for her maternal grandmother Sarah Whitlock Brooks. Dennis and Jane’s next child, a son, was named Mark Jefferson Lindsey for his paternal grandfather Mark Lindsey (who did not have the middle name Jefferson).

Thomas was next in the line of children following his brother Mark J. Lindsey, and was given, I think, his maternal grandfather’s name. The oldest son of Thomas and Sarah Whitlock Brooks, Charles Brooks, frequently appears in various documents with the middle initial M., just as his father does. In one valuable document, a 30 July 1846 certificate for federal land in Itawamba County, Mississippi, Charles’s middle name is spelled out: the certificate was issued to Charles Madison Brooks.[39] In my view, the middle name of Thomas and Sarah Whitlock Brooks’s first son points back to Charles’s father, with his middle initial M., and suggests that Thomas M. Brooks was Thomas Madison Brooks. The given name Madison passes down for a number of generations in several Brooks family lines descending from Thomas and Sarah — and all of these pieces of information lead me to conclude that Thomas Madison Lindsey was named for Thomas Madison Brooks, his grandfather.

I will follow this posting with another providing information about Thomas Madison Lindsey’s children, all born to his first two wives Margaret Jane Torrence and Alice.

[1] A record of Thomas’s tombstone is in Central Texas Genealogical Society, McLennan County, Texas, Cemetery Records, vol. 1 (Waco: CTGS, 1965), p. 131. See also Henry C. Lindsey, The Mark Lindsey Heritage (Brownwood, Texas; 1982), pp. 129-135, citing information provided in the late 1970s by Mary Dean Smith of Austin, Texas.

[2] I maintain Thomas’s Find a Grave memorial page. It has a link to the memorial page of his last wife Mary Elizabeth Boley.

[3] The online index to Lawrence County marriages maintained by the Lawrence County Archives says that the marriage record, which I have not seen, is in Orphans Court Bk. C, p. 93. Ancestry’s Alabama Marriage Collection, 1800-1969, cites Jordan R. Dodd, et. al. Early American Marriages: Alabama to 1825 (Bountiful, Utah: Precision Indexing Publishers, 19xx), for the marriage, noting that Rev. D.P. Hooker performed the ceremony. If I am not mistaken, the original Orphans Court book in which this marriage is recorded is no longer extant. Lawrence County Archives states, “We only have an abstract which was done by the WPA.”

[4] Frances Jarvis Torrence’s diary is transcribed in Mary Novella Gibson-Brittain, Marie Brittain-Craig, and Marjorie Craig Churchill, The History and Genealogy of Some Pioneer North Alabama Families (Flagstaff, Arizona: Northland, 1969), p. 93. On Friendship cemetery, see Joseph T. Richardson, “Lawrence-Morgan County Al Archives Cemeteries …. Friendship Cemetery – Complete Survey,” at the USGenweb archives for Lawrence County. The church and its cemetery straddle the county line, with portions of the cemetery in each county.

[5] 1850 federal census, Itawamba County, Mississippi, district 6, p. 344 (dwelling 581, family 588; 2 October). The family of Samuel Hiram Kellogg and Frances Rebecca is on the same census in district 6, p. 340 (dwelling 575, family 537; 28 September).

[6] 1850 federal slave schedule, Itawamba County, Mississippi, unpaginated (27 September). Thomas’s brother John W. is on the next page of this slave schedule.

[7] Lawrence County, Alabama, Deed Bk. A, p. 476.

[8] See The History and Genealogy of Some Pioneer North Alabama Families, pp. 97-113.

[9] In one of his “Old Lawrence Reminiscent” columns published in The Moulton Advertiser on 23 February 1909 (p. 1, col. 3-6), S.W. Barbee discusses James Torrence’s death from tuberculosis at a young age, noting that he was perhaps less than 25 years old when he died.

[10] Alabama State Volume Patents 3810, p. 367, certificate 24575.  

[11] 1860 federal census, Lawrence County, Alabama, southern division, Moulton post office (p. 238; dwelling and family 247; 11 June).

[12] The History and Genealogy of Some Pioneer North Alabama Families, p. 93.

[13] See Myra L. Borden, “1860 Agricultural Census,” Old Lawrence Reminiscences 12,4 (December 1998), p. 150, citing p. 9 of the original.

[14] Lawrence County, Alabama, Marriage Bk. C, p. 10. Don Campbell transcribes Thomas M. Lindsey’s permission letter in “At a Glance,” Old Lawrence Reminiscences 11, 4 (December 1997), p. 104.  

[15] Vivian Cormany Land, “Thomas Madison Lindsey,” in The Moody Area, Its History and People 1852-1981, ed. Estelle Mabray Rice (Waco: Texian Press, 1981), pp. 367-8.

[16] Vivian Cormany Land, “James D. (Jim) May,” in The Moody Area, pp. 379-380.

[17] Texas Department of Health, death certificate of Mrs. Sarah Margaret Conger, Bexar County, 10 April 1927; in Ancestry database Texas, Death Certificates, 1903-1982.

[18] Mark Lindsey Heritage, p. 131.

[19] 1860 federal census, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, 7th ward, Homer post office, p. 577 (dwelling 77/family 79; 7 July) (William and Margaret Hunter); 7th ward, p. 769 (dwelling and family 1369; 21 August) (Samuel and Frances Rebecca Kellogg).

[20] 1860 federal census, Bossier Parish, Louisiana, Bossier Point post office, p. 717 (dwelling and family 203; 31 July) (Samuel A. Lindsey as overseer for J.J. Bryan); 6th ward, Orchard Grove post office, p. 729 (dwelling and family 291; 13 August) (Mark J. Lindsey family). 

[21] See Annie Scott, “Robinson, TX (McLennan County),” Handbook of Texas online at the Texas Historical Association website; and Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, “Perry, TX (McLennan County),” also in Handbook of Texas, noting that Perry (now defunct) was two miles north of Moody in southwestern McLennan County.

[22] For Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl’s article on Perry, see supra, n. 21. See also Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, “Moody, TX,” Handbook of Texas.

[23] 1870 federal census, McLennan County, Texas, west of Brazos River, Waco post office, p. 128A (dwelling 246/family 332, 17 August).

[24] 1850 federal census, New Madrid County, Missouri, p. 284B (family and dwelling 197; 29 August); 1860 federal census, Benton County, Arkansas, Osage Mills post office, p. 424 (dwelling 1274, family 1268; 20 August 1860).

[25] Texas Department of Health, death certificate of Mrs. Alice Boyse, Temple, Bell County, Texas, certificate 53291, 3 November 1937; in Ancestry database Texas, Death Certificates, 1903-1982.

[26] B.D. Lindsey, “One Trip Up the Trail,” in The Trail Drivers of Texas, ed. J. Marvin Hunter (San Antonio: Jackson, 1920), pp. 1003-1006.

[27] See also Clarence R. Wharton, Texas Under Many Flags, vol. 4 (Chicago: American Hist. Soc., 1930), pp. 221-2.

[28] Robert W. Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches (Dallas, 1972), pp. 86-90.

[29] 1870 federal census, Lawrence County, Alabama, p. 209A (dwelling and family 152; 5 August).

[30] D.C. Kinnard, “A Good Man Gone to His Reward,” Moulton Advertiser (30 September 1880), p. 3, col. 2.

[31] 1880 federal census, McLennan County, Texas, p. 277A (ED 120; 25 June — no dwelling or family numbers are given). 

[32] Texas Department of Health, death certificate of Mrs. Maud Isley Torrence, Moody, McLennan County, Texas, 16 August 1932, certificate 35614, informant Iris Torrence, in Ancestry database Texas, Death Certificates, 1903-1982.

[33] 1860 federal census, Lawrence County, Alabama, southern division, Moulton post office, p. 901 (dwelling 155, family 150; 16 June). 

[34] Rev. Milton Lane Moody Find a Grave memorial page, citing First 100 years Nolan County Texas (1985), p. 293.

[35] Land, “James D. (Jim) May,” p. 380.

[36] Mark Lindsey Heritage, p. 131.

[37] Land, “Thomas Madison Lindsey,” p. 368.

[38] Ibid.

[39] Mississippi State Volume Patents 3140, p. 270, certificate 20322.

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