Nottingham Monk (bef. 1720 – 1793) of Northampton County, Virginia, and Bertie County, North Carolina: Probable Wife — Elishea Belote

In a series of postings I began in May 2018, I tracked the ancestry of Strachan Monk (1787-1850/1860) of Bertie and Martin Counties, North Carolina, and Hardin County, Tennessee. As the initial posting in this series tells you, Strachan Monk, whose given name is often spelled phonetically (i.e., conforming to its pronunciation) as Strahon, Strayhon, or even Strawhorn, was the son of Nottingham Monk and Rachel Strachan of Bertie County, North Carolina. 

In a set of interlocking postings — herehereherehere, and here — I shared with you what I know about Nottingham Monk, Strachan Monk’s father, who was born in Northampton County, Virginia, about 1755 and who died in Bertie County, North Carolina, between 28 January and 11 February 1818. These postings tell you that between 22 February and 23 November 1786 in Bertie County, Nottingham married Rachel, daughter of George and Elizabeth Strachan of Bertie County. Prior to marrying Nottingham Monk, Rachel had married 1) George Kittrell, son of Jonathan Kittrell and Ann Durant, and 2) Benjamin Ward. Ann Durant was, it might be noted, a granddaughter of George Durant (1632-1692), who served as attorney general of North Carolina and speaker of the North Carolina assembly.[1]

George Strachan (bef. 1715 – 1760) 

I haven’t yet shared much of the information I have about Rachel’s father George Strachan, other than to note that, in my view, he was likely Scottish-born. I think he may well have come to the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina as one of the Scottish merchants brought there by Scottish-born North Carolina governor Gabriel Johnston (1698-1752), to handle the tobacco trade between southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina and Scotland.

As David Dobson indicates, Johnston “actively encouraged Scottish immigrants, including his relatives, to settle in the colony.”[2] Dobson notes that the Scots merchants in colonial North Carolina “were mainly engaged in the tobacco trade and operated in what was virtually an offshoot of the Glasgow-Virginia tobacco economy.”[3] He points to a number of noted Scottish immigrants to North Carolina in the colonial period, including William Pollock, who, like Gabriel Johnston, was a graduate of University of Edinburgh and who sat on the North Carolina Council; Thomas Pollock of Glasgow, William’s kinsman, who settled in Chowan County; and David Henderson from Glasgow, who settled in Bertie County.[4] As historian Samuel Ashe relates, after Gabriel Johnston became governor, he began communication with “gentlemen of distinction in Ireland” as well as Henry McCulloch, a relative of Johnston who was a merchant in London, to encourage migration of Scottish and Scots-Irish families to North Carolina.[5] According to Arthur Herman, who discusses in detail the Scottish tobacco trade in the Chesapeake region from the 1708 act of union forward, Glasgow assumed dominance in this trade, and by 1758, Scottish tobacco imports from America were larger than those of London and all other English ports combined.[6] By the 1770s, almost half of all tobacco trade in America was in Scottish hands.[7] Herman notes the dominance of Scottish merchants, teachers, clergy (both Episcopalian and Presbyterian), and physicians in the middle colonies and Virginia, and states that Norfolk was virtually a Scottish town by the middle of the 18th century.[8]

The first record I’ve been able to find of George Strachan was his witness on 16 December 1735 to the sale of the Eden House plantation near Edenton (across Albemarle Sound in Bertie Precinct, later Bertie County) by Thomas Jones of Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, to George Phenney of Bertie.[9] As I’ll explain in a moment, this document places George Strachan in 1735 in the milieu of Gabriel Johnston. It also suggests to us that he was born by or before 1715. Phenney, who had been governor of the Bahamas, had married Penelope Golland, step-daughter of Governor Charles Eden, at some point after 25 June 1734. Penelope had previously married William Maule, surveyor general of North Carolina and thought to be a Scottish immigrant, though nothing is known of his early life, and then John Lovick. Following the death of her third husband George Phenney, Penelope married Gabriel Johnston, and the couple lived at Eden House, where Johnston is buried.[10]

Will of George Henderson, 15 October 1736, Bertie Precinct, North Carolina, orginal at North Carolina Archives

After witnessing Thomas Jones’s sale of Eden House plantation to George Phenney in December 1736, George Strachan witnessed the will of George Henderson in Bertie Precinct on 15 October 1736, which mentions Henderson’s uncle Andrew Scott, a merchant in Glasgow, and Andrew’s sons Hugh, a Boston merchant, as well as Hugh’s brothers George and Andrew.[11] George Henderson left Hugh Scott 1,800 acres on the Cashie River that he had purchased from Cullen Pollock, land on which it seems George was living at the time of his death. 

As previous postings have indicated, George Strachan also settled on the Cashie River in Bertie County, and his daughter Rachel and husband Nottingham Monk lived there on land Rachel inherited from her father. Cullen Pollock was a son of a Glasgow merchant, Thomas Pollock, who was mentioned previously. Thomas settled in the West Indies in 1683 and then moved to Chowan County, North Carolina, where he was a merchant, dying in 1722.[12] Thomas Pollock was a member of the North Carolina governor’s council, and on the death of Governor Edward Hyde on 8 September 1712, he served as acting governor until the arrival of Charles Eden in 1714. After Eden died, Pollock then served as acting governor for several months until he himself died. Thomas Pollock’s son Cullen was also a member of the North Carolina council and was appointed by Gabriel Johnston to the colony’s supreme court.

The 13 February 1735/6 will of David Henderson of Bertie Precinct named George Henderson as his nephew and mentions a sister Gennett Henderson in Scotland who had marred Andrew Thomson of Baad, which is in the parish of Kincardine in Perthshire.[13] The will made George Henderson and Cullen Pollock, inter alia, executors. 

To return to Penelope Golland’s first husband William Maule: Maule’s 1 February 1725 will in Bertie Precinct mentions his residence Scots Hall in Bertie, which is southeast of Merry Hill in present Bertie County on a spit of land extending out into Batchelor Bay of Albemarle Sound, just below where the Chowan River empties into the Sound. In addition to being surveyor general of the colony and a member of the colonial assembly, Maule also held the office of vice admiralty judge and councilor. 

Though, as I’ve indicated above, almost nothing is known of Maule’s early life except that it appears he was born about 1668 and probably in Scotland, in his classic study of the Maule family Registrum de Panmure, Harry Maule includes a descendancy chart showing that this William Maule, who died in Bertie precinct in 1726, was a son of John Maule and Barbara Strachan, Barbara belonging to the Strachans of Carmyllie in Angusshire, Scotland, whose land came to them in 1347 from Sir Henry Maule.[14] If Harry Maule is correct about the parentage of William Maule, he and George Strachan could possibly have been kinsmen, then — though I want to stress again that I really know nothing of George prior to his witness to the sale of the Eden House plantation by Thomas Jones to George Phenney in December 1735, Phenney having married Penelope Golland after her husbands William Maule and John Lovick died. I’m certainly not trying to claim an aristocratic lineage for George Strachan, who, despite accumulating considerable property in Bertie County, appears to have been illiterate. I do, however, find it interesting that George Strachan and William Maule, from a Scottish family with a long history of intermarriage with the Strachans, both ended up in Bertie Precinct/County, North Carolina, and that the first trace I find of George there is his witness to the Eden House plantation sale in 1735.

Monk and Belote Connections, Bertie County, North Carolina

What I want to share with you now has to do with Rachel Strachan’s husband Nottingham Monk and Nottingham’s father Nottingham Monk Sr. In my postings about the elder Nottingham Monk, who appears to have been born in Northampton County, Virginia, by 1720, and who died in Bertie County, North Carolina, before 20 July 1793, I told you that “I have not found the name of his wife (or wives).” I also stated that his children who appear to have survived to the point of his death were a daughter Elishe and a son Nottingham Jr. In a previous posting, I discussed Elishe, who was born 15 April 1749 in Northampton County, Virginia, and who died between 1830 and 1840 in Martin County, North Carolina. I now want to report that I think I’ve figured out who Nottingham Monk Sr. married, and who was the mother of his two children.

As postings I linked in paragraph two and three above tell you, there are numerous connections in Bertie County records between members of the family of Nottingham Monk (elder and junior) and a Belote family who, like the Monks, moved to Bertie County from Northampton County, Virginia. Here are some of those connections discussed in previous postings (references to the original documents I’m citing are in the linked postings below, and keep in mind that Nottingham Jr. was of age in Bertie for some years prior to his father’s death in 1793, and some of these references might refer to either Nottingham Monk):

Elishea Belote, Daughter of John Belote of Northampton County, Virginia: Nottingham Monk’s Wife (I Think)

And so to my discovery — I think: I say “I think” because I have not yet found documentation to prove that I have identified the wife of Nottingham Monk, though I’m fairly sure that I have, in fact, discovered her identity. Nottingham was born by 1720 in Northampton County, Virginia, son of William Monk and Elizabeth Nottingham. Recently, as I was thinking about the many connections of the Belote family in Bertie County, North Carolina, to the family of Nottingham Monk Sr. and Jr., both having come there from Northampton County, Virginia, it occurred to me that the wife of Nottingham Sr. might well have been a Belote. If this were the case, it would help account for those numerous connections of the two families in Bertie records. 

So I did some investigating of Belote records in Northampton County, Virginia, and landed on this interesting piece of information: in his 3 May 1722 will in Northampton (probated 10 July 1722), John Beloat (the will uses this spelling) names a daughter Elishea among other children.[15] John’s will states that Elishea was not yet of age when he made the will; she was to be placed under the care of William Brickhouse until she reached the age of sixteen. The will suggests to me that Elishea was John’s youngest daughter and that she was perhaps an infant when John died. John’s wife Anna, daughter of Andrew Stewart and Judith Hack of Accomack County, Virginia, had predeceased her husband.

In his indispensable compendium of information about families of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, the MilesFiles, M.K. Miles suggests that John and Anna Belote’s daughter Elishea was born about 1716.[16]Miles notes that Anna Stewart Belote was living on 17 November 1713 when she witnessed the will of John Belote’s mother Elizabeth Evans in Northampton County.[17] Elizabeth had married Thomas Evans following the death of John Belote’s father John before 28 May 1688 in Northampton County. Anna died, then, between 17 November 1713 and 3 May 1722, when John Belote younger made his will. If Elishea was the couple’s last child as Miles thinks, and as the will also suggests to me, she was likely born between those two dates.

As I have told you above, Nottingham Monk Sr., who was the son of William Monk and Elizabeth Nottingham of Northampton County, was born about (or before) 1720. As a Northampton court record cited in the link I’ve just provided indicates, Nottingham was of age by 3 September 1739. So if Elishea Monk was born about 1716, as M.K. Miles suggests, and if Nottingham Monk was born by or before 1720, then the two were very close in age.

Here’s my transcript of the will of John Belote (Beloat) of Northampton County, Virginia, a digital copy of the original of which is at the head of this posting: 

In the name of God Amen I John Beloat of Northampton county in Virgbeing weak in body but Sound and perfect memory doe make & ordain this my last will and testamt in manner and form following viz. my Soul I commend to the mercy of god and my body to yEarth & as to my worldly goods I give as follows 

ImprI give and bequeath unto my Eldest Son John beloat the plantatwhereon I now Live with all yLand on the Eastern Side of ymaine roade to him and his heirs for Ever

2dly I give unto my son Wm. Beloat yresidue of my land Lying to ywestward of yaforesd maine road to him and his heires for Ever

3dly I give unto my daughter abigaile a bed ye choice of all in yHouse with a Sheets rugg & (coverlett?) as She Shall chu∫e of bed Curtains & vallins

4thly I give unto my Son abel his next Choice of my beds with furniture as above Curtains and Vallins Exceptd5thly I give unto my Daughter patience her next Choice of my beds furni∫hd with a rug Sheet & coverlet BdStead matt & Cord

6thly I give unto my Son John a bed Sheett & coverlet & also my mare plow Harrow & Harne∫s

7thly I give unto my Daughter abigaile all her mothers wearing apparell & Side Saddle & five yards of fine Linen now in the House 

8th My will is that John & abigail my children should Live together on my plantation Soe Long as She ShallLives for wth Intent I give them all my Hogs Corne & meat but if abigaile Should marry then to have no part of yHogs

Item I give unto my Son John my wearing apparell Saddle and Bridle

Item I give unto my Daughter abigaile my oval table and table cloth Item I give under my Daughter Eli∫hea a Cow and Calf and their Increase Item I give unto my Son John all my Syder Casks Item my will is that all yerest of my Estate of wt Kind Soever be Equally Divided between all my Children Item I Leave my Son William unto ColGeorge Harmanson untill he arrive at eighteen years of age

Item I Leave my Son abell unto william Tankred for yabove stime (i e) untill he be Eighteen years old Item I Leave my Daughter Eli∫hea unto wm. Brickhou∫e untill She be Sixteen years old Item I Leave my daughter patience unto Mtrs. Gertrude Harman∫on untill She be Sixteen years old

Lastly I nominate Constitute & appoint my Loving Friend William Tankred my whole & Sole Exectr. of this my Last will & TestamDesireing my Estate may not be Inventoried nor appraisd in Confirmatn whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand & fixd my Seal this 3rd day of May 1722 

John Beloats mark 

Signed noted and acknowledged in presence of 

Elizabeth E Roberts mark

Wm. X Brickhou∫e mark 

Zarubl. Preeson

Per order 10th July 1722

Recorded Teste (?)

Inventory of estate of John Beloat, 10 August 1722, Northampton County, Virginia, Will Bk. 15, p. 147

Though John’s will requests that his estate not be inventoried or appraised, an inventory was, in fact, done.[18] That document doesn’t, of course, mention his heirs. Here’s my transcript of it:

August the 10th day 1722 — 

A true and perfect Inventory of the E∫tate of John Beloat decd — 

Ffore ffeatherbeds and Bolsters and three Sheets and four Virginia Cloth Blankets and two old Ditto three Ruggs and one Suit of Curtains and Valens and three high Bedsteads and three Cords and one old Trundle Bedstead and Cord and one old ffeatherbed and two Small pillows and one Cubbord & 2 Chests & one Wooden (Bed?) one oval Table and one other Small Table and four Chairs and two old Chairs and two Iron pots and one pair of pot hooks and one Spice Mortar and pestle and two large pewtor Dishes & three Small ones and one Dozen of pewtor plates and one Chamber pot one Tankard one porringer one Salt Sallor & four Basons and one piece of old pewtor and one dozen and four Spoons and two Huckaback Table Cloths and one dozen of Napkins and four Towells and five and a half yards of fine Linden two Baker potts of Earthen Ware and two Basons two plates two Cupps two Juggs and one Gunn Lock and Gimblet 9 gla∫s bottles 1 Drinking gla∫s 1 dozen of Wooden Trenchers 3 Wooden Bowls 2 old bra∫s Candlesticks both broke 1 small Wooden Cann & 8 frying panns & 5 Cydor Hogsheads and two Cydor Barralls and 1 hand Mill & (picker?) and one cart and 1 Collar hams and old Saddle and a old plow & old Harrow and one old Linnen Spinning Wheel and 1 old Woolen Wheel and 1 Saddle 1 Bridle 1 old Side Saddle and 2 old Broad Axes & 8 Raw Hides and two old Weeding Hoes and about 5 or Six pounds of Tallow and about 2 or 3 bushells of Corn and 2 Gallons Roundlet and Wearing apparell 1 Great Coat 1 (Cloak bodyd?) Coat 3 Wests & 8 pair of Breeches 2 Shirts one pair of Stockings 1 pair of Shoes and his Wifes Wearing Apparell and nine young Barrows and two Sows & 5 piggs and 2 Mares & one Colt and 5 Cows & 3 Calves & 2 yearlings and 4 Steers between 2 & 3 years old and one Bull 3 or 4 years old and thirteen head of Sheep and two Cows and Calves and one Buckla∫s hands one pair of Taylors Sheers and 1 Tinn funnel & Small Looking Gla∫s and the half part of a Canoe This being all I can find at prsent 

William Tankred 

August the 10th day 1722

An Inventory of Legacys that was formerly given by William Beloat deceased to his Children was in the po∫se∫sion of John Beloat decd —

Smiths Tools

One Savill one pair of great Vice 1 Pair bellows 1 Sledge hammor 1 hand hammor 2 pair of Tongs one Shovell 1 handsaw & 2 files 1 Naile Mould 2 punches 3 Chi∫sells 1 Scrowplate and Scrow one Cobort 3 Chairs 1 Small Iron pot 1 Iron Spitt 1 pair of Silver Shoe buckles 1 Gun & a Gun barroll a Gun Lock and a Small Chest and a Small Table 

14 Augt. 1722 Recorded William Tankred

G. Poole (?) Court Northton

Division of Estate of John Belote, November 1722, Northampton County, Virginia, Will Bk. 15, pp. 164-5

The inventory of John’s estate was made by William Tankred on 14 August 1722. In November 1722, Tankred, along with John Major and George Harmanson, divided John Belote’s estate according to the stipulations of his will.[19] The estate division does, of course, name John’s heirs, and includes Elishe Belioat. Here’s my transcription of the estate division, which includes some words I cannot make out:

The Division of John Belotes Estate

Nov 6th 1722 John Belotes his part & Division of his deced father John Belotes Estate Deliverd To Wm.Brickhouse his Guardian is as followeth /viz/

One pewter bason one Small Dish two plates one Chamber Pot all pewter (bason?) one Small Dish two Napkins one Iron Pot two broad axes one frying Pan one box two Bra∫s Candlesticks & four (—? —?) one Barren Cow one yearling heifer & four Sheep half a Canoe

The Legacy pr  will paid is one feather bed Sheet & blanket one Mare Plough harrow & harne∫s nine Young Barrow Hogs 2 Sows five Piggs two Bushels & ½ Indian Corn one Sadle & bridle & his fathers Wearing apparel one great Coat one (Cloke?) Do three Vests three pair breechees two Shirts one pair of Stockings one pair Shoes & five old Cyder hogsheds two Barrels paid & Divided by us whose Names are hereunder Written

Geo Harmanson 

John J. Major Senr. his mark 

William Tankred 

Nov 6th 1722 Abigail Belioat her part of Division of her deced father John Belotes Estate Deliverd To William Brickhouse her Guardian is as followeth /viz/

One large Pewter Bason and one Small Dish two Plates all Pewter & two huckaback napkins one Cart & wheeles four Sheep Tenn Pound of Wool one Cow & Calf one Chest Lock & Key one Looking Gla∫s

The Legacy’s first being paid as these one feather Bed Rugg Sheet & blankett Bed∫tead Matt & Cord her first Choise according to Will Curtains & Vollens one oval Table & table Cloath five yards of New linen & one Side Sadle & all her Mothers Wearing apparel paid & Divided by us whose names are hereunder

John Major

William Tankred   

Geo: Harmanson

Novr. 1722 William Belotes part of Division of his deced father John Beliotes Estate is as followeth /viz/

One large Pewter Dish two pewter plates 5 and ½ pewter Spoons one Sausor one old 10 tinn funnell two huckaback Napkins one hand mill one Cow & Calf one two year old Steer Six Gla∫s Bottles two Earthen Cups one Dozn of wooden fflatt Trenchers one Wooden Noggen one old Weeding hoe one Drinking Gla∫s one Gimlett one olde broke gun lock Divided by all whose names are hereunder written

John Major

Wm. Tankred

Geo: Harmanson

In Obedience to an Order of Court bearing Date the 7th (or 9th?) of October 1722 Impowering us the Subscribers to appraise part of the Estate of John Beliote deceasd for the u∫es as set forth by the Sd order after we were qualified Did appraise two two year old Steers at Eighteen Shilling and two Raw hides at Seven Shillings both

William Tankred 

John J Major his mark

Novr. 6th 1722 

Abel Beliotes part of Division of his ffather John Beliotes Estate

One pewter Bason one Small Dish Do two plates one Porringer one Salt & four Spoons all Pewter two huckaback Napkins 1 old Trunk Bedstead one old Bed Dunghill ffeathers two old Blanketts two old Pillows one Iron pot& hooks three huckaback Towels one Earthen Pot one Barren Cow & two Sheep one Bull three Indian boles one old Weeding hoe one flagg Chair

The Legacy pr will given, one feather Bed Sheet Rug Blanket bedstead Cord & Divided by us whose names are hereunder written

John Major Senr.

William Tankred

Geo Harmanson

Novr. 1722 Patiense Beliote her part of division of her father John Beliotes Estate /viz/

One Large Bason and two Plates & one Tankred all Pewter two Huckaback Napkins one Cupboard one table Cloth of two huckabacks two Earth: Basons one Cow & Calf one yearling Bull & two Sheep one Small Table The Legacy’s pr will one feather Bed Rugg Sheet and Blankett Bed ∫tead & Cord Divided by us appointed by Court whose Names are hereunder written

John Major Senr.

William Tankred

Geo Harmanson

Novr. 1722 Elishe Belioats part of Division of her deced father John Beliotes Estate /viz/

One New Dish two Plates 5 Spoons one old Dish without brims all Pewter & two huckaback Napkins one Chest one Linen wheel two Earthen Plates one Pocket bottle one Good Spice Mortar one flagg Chair one frying Pan two Drinking Juggs 5 or 6 pound of tallow one Cow & Calf one Steer of two years one Woollen Wheel

The legacy given pr will one Cow & Calf Reced Divided by us appointed by ye Court whose Names are hereunder written

John Major

Geo: Harmanson

William Tankred

At a court held for Northampton County on Tuesday the 13th of Novr. 1722 

The above Divisions of the Estate of John Belote deced was presented in Court by William Tankred his Execr at whose Motion it is admitted to Record

Recorded Teste Geo Poole (?) at Court

Insofar as I have been able to discover, Northampton County researchers have not been able to find information about Elishea, daughter of John Belote and Anna Stewart, following her father’s death and her appearance in his estate division record. In his MilesFiles, M.K. Miles has no further information about Elishea after she was named in her father John Belote’s 1722 will. 

Will of Edward Turner, 13 September 1728, Northampton County, Virginia, Record Bk. XXIV-R Wills & deeds, v. 26 1725-1733, p. 169

Elishey Belote does make an appearance, however, in the 13 September 1728 will of Edward Turner in Northampton County.[20] Edward was the husband of Judith Hack Stewart (abt. 1661 – 1732/3), mother of John Belote’s wife Anna, and therefore Elishea’s grandmother. Following the death of her first husband Andrew Stewart (abt. 1635 – bef. 6 April 1697) in Accomack County, Judith remarried to Edward Turner. Edward’s will makes a bequest of a ewe, lamb, and heifer to Elishey Belote but does not state his relationship to her. The likely reason for the bequest was that Elishea was the granddaughter of his wife Judith Hack by Judith’s first marriage to Andrew Stewart. This document tells us, if nothing else, that Elishea was living and not yet married in September 1728 — she would, in fact, still have been a minor in 1728.

Petition of John Belote to Northampton County, Virginia, court, 13 November 1725, uploaded by Ancestry user botw64 to the “James Carl Wallace/Ona Arrena Price Wallace Family Tree” at Ancestry with a note that the original is in Northampton County Judgments at the Library of Virginia in Richmond

A 13 November 1725 petition made by Elishea’s oldest brother John Belote (Beloat in this document) to Northampton County court states that at that time, he and Elishea’s oldest sister Abigail were under the guardianship of William Brickhouse, and that Brickhouse was keeping them from enjoying the use of the estate willed to them by their father.[21] M.K. Miles names these two Johns as John Belote III and John Belote IV. As the May 1722 will of John Belote III transcribed above states, John III wanted John IV and his sister Abigail (while she was unmarried) to live on the home plantation in Northampton County which John III willed to John IV. The will does not place John IV and Abigail under anyone’s guardianship though it does stipulate that Elishea was to be under William Brickhouse’s guardianship until she was aged sixteen.

Though I haven’t documented that Nottingham Monk, son of William Monk and Elizabeth Nottingham, married Elishea Belote, much seems to fall into place if one hypothesizes this:

  • Nottingham Monk was born around or before 1720; M.K. Miles places Elishea’s birth about 1716.
  • Both grew up in Northampton County, Virginia, where the Monk and Belote families lived near each other, the Belotes living south of the present town of Marionville and the Nottinghams (and William Monk and wife Elizabeth Nottingham) living north of Eastville near Machipongo. Machipongo is five miles from Marionville.
  • After Nottingham Monk moved from Northampton County, Virginia, to Bertie County, North Carolina, he and members of his family interacted frequently with the Belote family there, which also had roots in Northampton.
  • Nottingham Monk named a daughter with the uncommon (though found sometimes in Northampton County) given name Elisha. (John Belote IV, brother of Elishea Belote, also gave a daughter the name Elisha, by the way, as did William Belote, a brother of John Belote II, father of John Belote III. Anna Stewart Belote, wife of John Belote III, witnessed the will of William Belote in Northampton on 9 March 1708/9, along with William Tankred and her husband John Belote III.)
  • Nottingham Monk Jr. and wife Rachel Strachan named a son Stewart, which I now discover is a surname in the lineage of Elishea, daughter of John Belote and Anna Stewart.

And there’s a bit more to add:

Edward Belote (b. bef. Abt. 1735), son of Elishea Belote’s brother John Belote IV, married Mary Nottingham, daughter of Jacob and Mary Nottingham, on 25 November 1760 in Northampton County. Jacob Nottingham (abt. 1686 – bef. 14 April 1747) was a nephew of William Nottingham (1669-1719), whose daughter Elizabeth married William Monk — William and Elizabeth being the parents of Nottingham Monk Sr. Edward Belote’s security for his marriage to Mary Nottingham was Addison Nottingham, Mary’s cousin, to whom Nottingham Monk Sr. sold land in Northampton County sometime before 1763, land that had come to him from his mother Elizabeth Nottingham Monk. Her father William Nottingham had willed the land to Elizabeth in 1718. As the posting I’ve just linked also indicates, Addison Nottingham was one of the witnesses to the 18 September 1749 will of Nottingham Monk’s father William Monk.

Jacob Nottingham, father of Mary Nottingham who married Edward Belote, had a son Thomas Nottingham (abt. 1726 – bef. 10 July 1797) who had children Jacob and Susanna who married Brickhouse spouses, Bridget and John Brickhouse. William Brickhouse (abt. 1690 – 1760), who witnessed John Belote’s will and to whose guardianship the will entrusted his daughter Elishea (and who evidently also became guardian of John’s oldest children John and Abigail Belote), lived in Brickhouse Neck about halfway between Machipongo and Marionville, on the east side of both of those places. He was the son of George Brickhouse (abt. 1665 – 1713) and Mary Major of Northampton County. The John Major who, along with William Tankred and George Harmanson, divided John Belote III’s estate among John’s heirs was William Brickhouse’s brother-in-law.

John Belote III’s will also placed his children William and Patience in the care of members of the Harmanson family — William with George Harmanson until William reached 18, and Patience with Gertrude Harmanson until Patience reached 16. As a previous posting indicates, in 1722, William Monk, father of Nottingham Monk, was taxed in George Harmanson’s tithable district in Northampton County.

The Mrs. Gertrude Harmanson with whom John Belote III placed his daughter Patience was Gertrude Littleton Harmanson (abt. 1673 – bef. 9 January 1738/9), widow of Henry Harmanson. She was the daughter of Col. Southey Littleton, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from Northampton County. Henry Harmanson’s father Thomas Harmanson was also a burgess. We’ve met members of this family in previous postings about the Monk and Nottingham families in Northampton County: for example, one of the executors of and witnesses to the will of William Nottingham (1669-1719), father of Elizabeth Nottingham Monk, was Severn Eyre, whose wife Gertrude was the daughter of Henry Harmanson and Gertrude Littleton.

As another previous posting also indicates, George Monk (abt. 1707 – 1747), who was likely a brother of William Monk, father of Nottingham Monk, appears in a 1726 lawsuit in Northampton County in which Gertrude Harmanson sued him, evidently for debt. The following year in 1727, he appeared again in the Northampton County tithables list in Matthew Harmanson’s tithable district. Matthew was a son of Henry Harmanson by his marriage to Elizabeth Patrick before Henry married Gertrude Littleton. The 3 June 1736 will of Clarke Nottingham (abt. 1688 – 1736), a nephew of William Nottingham whose daughter Elizabeth married William Monk, states that Clarke Nottingham’s land in Hungars Neck adjoined the land of Matthew Harmanson, and bequeaths that land to Matthew for a fee.

The Nottingham and Harmanson families intermarried: for example, on 16 November 1741 in Northampton County, Robert Nottingham (abt. 1690 – 1745) married Elishe, daughter of Thomas Harmanson and Grace Andrews. Elishe was the widow of Jacob Stringer. Robert Nottingham was a nephew of William Nottingham, whose daughter Elizabeth married William Monk. Thomas Harmanson was a brother of Henry Harmanson who married Gertrude Littleton.

And a note about William Tankred, who whom John Belote III made the executor of his will: William Tankard (abt. 1676 – 1752) was the son of John Tankard and Sarah Smart of Northampton County. From the will of his father John Tankard (bef. 1647 – 1689) in Northampton County on 1 August 1689, William inherited his father’s 450-acre plantation south of Marionville on a branch of the Machipungo. John Tankard was born in Yorkshire, England, and educated as a lawyer. His wife Sarah Smart was the daughter of William Smart and Mary Stringer, Mary being the great-aunt of the Jacob Stringer who married Elishe Harmanson as discussed above. As noted previously, William Tankred witnessed the will of William Belote on 9 March 1708/9 along with William’s brother John Belote III and wife Anna Stewart Belote; William Belote’s will made William Tankred and John Belote III executors.

Obviously I still have much work to do regarding my not-yet-proven conclusion that Nottingham Monk, son of William Monk and Elizabeth Nottingham of Northampton County, Virginia, married Elishea Belote, daughter of John Belote III and Anna Stewart of the same county. Perhaps at some point in future, I’ll share information I’m accumulating on the Belote family. The Belotes of Northampton descend from a John Belote I whose surname also appears as Billyoate, Billiott, and Beloate, who was born about 1620 and who died before 8 March 1654 in Northampton County. A deed of gift John’s wife Bridget (thought to be a Flowers) made to their children on that date refers to Bridget as the widow of John Billyoate, chirurgion (i.e., surgeon). 

According to Eastern Shore historian Jennings Cropper Wise, the Belote family has Dutch roots.[22] The marriage of John Belote III to Anna Stewart brought the Belote family together with another Eastern Shore family that had German and Dutch roots, the latter roots apparently actually being French roots that were replanted in Holland as Huguenots in France escaped persecution in that country. In my view, it’s likely that John Belote I’s roots were French Huguenot, as well.

Anna Stewart Belote was the daughter of Andrew Stewart and Judith Hack of Northampton County. Judith was the daughter of Joris Hack and Anna Varlet of Cologne, Germany, and Amsterdam, Holland. The Varlets were a Huguenot family who had come to Holland. Joris and Anna Varlet Hack settled on the Eastern Shore of Virginia about 1650 to assist her family, which was involved in extensive trade with Dutch trading companies, in building up their mercantile empire with tobacco trade and trade in enslaved human beings. Anna’s parents also came to America, settling in the New Amsterdam colony of Connecticut, where they died.[23]

Joris Hack (whose name appears in Virginia records as George) also came to the Eastern Shore as a surgeon, and that may account for the connection a generation or so down the line of his descendants with Belote descendants, whose immigrant ancestor was a surgeon. Joris Hack’s estate inventory includes ninety-six books in German, Dutch, Latin, and English, many of them surgical treatises, but others on various topics showing that he was a well-educated man with multiple interests.


[1] Mattie E. Erma Parker, “Durant (Durand, Duren), George,” in Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, ed. By William S. Powell and published online at the NCpedia website.

[2] David Dobson, Scottish Emigration to Colonial America (Athens: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1994), p. 109.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Samuel A. Ashe, History of North Carolina (Greensboro: Van Noppen, 1908), pp. 252-3.

[6] Arthur Herman, How the Scots Invented the Modern World (New York: Three Rivers, 2002), p. 162.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid., p. 231.

[9] Bertie County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. D, p. 302.

[10] See Jaquelin Drane Nash, “Johnston, Gabriel”; Robert E. Lee, “Phenney, George”; and Charles B. Lowry, “Maule, William,” all in Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, ed. By William S. Powell and published online at the NCpedia website.

[11] I’m citing the original will on file at the North Carolina Archives.

[12] Vernon O. Stumpf, “Pollock, Cullen,” and W. Conard Gass, “Pollock, Thomas,” both in Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, ed. By William S. Powell and published online at the NCpedia website.

[13] I’m citing the original will held by the North Carolina Archives.

[14] Harry Maule, Registrum de Panmure (Edinburgh, 1874), vol. 1 pp. ccxii-ccxiii.

[15] Northampton County, Virginia, Record Bk. XXIII-R, Deeds, Wills, etc., 1718-1725, p. 152.

[16] The MilesFiles are housed by the Eastern Shore Public Library, whose foundation is in Accomac, Accomack County, Virginia. 

[17] Citing James Handley Marshall, Northampton County, Virginia, Abstracts of Wills & Administrations, 1632-1802, p. 202 (will of Elizabeth Evans, son John Beliot).

[18] Northampton County, Virginia, Will Bk. 15, p. 147.

[19] Ibid., pp. 164-5.

[20] Northampton County, Virginia, Record Bk. XXIV-R Wills & deeds, v. 26 1725-1733, p. 169.

[21] Ancestry user botw64 has uploaded a digital image of this petition to the “James Carl Wallace/Ona Arrena Price Wallace Family Tree” at Ancestry with a note that the original is in Northampton County Judgments at the Library of Virginia in Richmond.

[22] Jennings Cropper Wise, Ye Kingdome of Accawmacke, or, The Eastern Shore of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century (Richmond: Bell Book and Stationery Co., 1911), p. 72.

[23] See Elizabeth A. Johnson and Cor Snabel, The Varlet Family of Amsterdam and Their Associated Families in the American Colonies and in the Netherlands (2008), online at the Varlet Family website; Claudia Schnurmann, “Atlantic Trade and American Identities The Correlations of Supranational Commerce, Political Opposition, and Colonial Regionalism,” in The Atlantic Economy During the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: Organization, Operation, Practice, and Personnel, ed. Peter Coclanis (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2005), pp. 186-204; and April Lee Hatfield, “Dutch and New Netherland Merchants in the Seventeenth-Century English Chesapeake,” in ibid., pp. 205-228.

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