I also noted the confusion created by researchers who have chosen to identify a Hiram Kellogg found on the 1830 census in Wayne County, Tennessee, who is almost certainly Samuel’s father, with a Hiram Kellogg of Vermont and New York, who never appears in any Tennessee records at all, and who married Julia Staniford Elderkin — while the bible Samuel and Frances brought from Alabama to Mississippi and finally Louisiana gives his parents’ names as Hiram and Sarah Kellogg, not Hiram and Julia Kellogg.
New Information about Sarah Kellogg, Mother of Samuel Hiram Kellogg: Wayne County, Tennessee, and Itawamba County, Mississippi
I’ve now found some new information I hadn’t ever seen before in any account of this Kellogg family, which begins to tie together these loose ends. In the first place, I discover that in one of the few record books from the early history of Wayne County that survived its disastrous courthouse fire, there’s a deed of gift on 27 September 1826 from Elijah Harbour to his daughter Sally Kellogg, both of Wayne County. A digital image of this deed of gift is at the head of this posting.
This instrument shows Elijah stating that Sally Kellogg is his daughter, and making a gift to her of several items that Elijah places in the hands of her brother Samuel Harbour of Hardin County, Tennessee, who was to pay his father $1 on Sally’s behalf for the items being given to Sally. They included 80 acres of land in Wayne County (in section three from grant 15826); an enslaved girl of “yellow” complexion, aged 5 and named Hisey; three feather beds and furniture; a brown mare and her yearling colt; and three cows and calves. These items were to pass to Sally’s children at her death, and no one was to sell them unless Samuel deemed it advantageous to his sister and her children to do so. Samuel also had the right to take the property into his own possession if he thought it was being wasted or destroyed.
The deed of gift was signed by Elijah Harbour (his mark), and witnessed by James W. Coness (?) and James Scott. Elijah proved this instrument at September court 1826 in Wayne County and it was recorded on 25 November.
Note what this deed tells us: by 27 September 1826, Sarah, daughter of Elijah Harbour, had married a Kellogg and she and her husband were living in Wayne County, Tennessee. Since we know from the 1830 federal census that a Hiram Kellogg was living in Wayne County at that time — the only Kellogg in the county — and from the bible of Samuel and Frances Lindsey Kellogg that his parents were Hiram and Sarah Kellogg, I think we can pretty certainly conclude that the Hiram of the 1830 census in Wayne County is, indeed, father of Samuel Hiram Kellogg, and that Sally Harbour Kellogg is the Sarah named in Samuel’s and Frances’s bible as wife of Hiram Kellogg and mother of Samuel.
The deed of gift also speaks of Sally Harbour Kellogg’s children, which are not named, in a way that suggests she may not yet have borne children by Hiram Kellogg. It speaks of her children, that is to say, as if they are yet-to-be-born children whose interest in the property is being recognized by this legal instrument. It’s possible Elijah was, in fact, making the deed of gift soon after Sarah Harbour had married Hiram Kellogg, to assure that she had (through her brother) some control over her own property as a married woman. We know from the bible of Samuel and Frances Lindsey Kellogg that Samuel Hiram Kellogg was born 12 May 1828 — a little less than two years after this deed of gift was made — and that in addition to a male under 5 years, the 1830 federal census shows 2 females under 5 years in Hiram Kellogg’s household. It also shows that Sarah is in the same age bracket as Hiram: born 1800-1810.
Louis J. Williams’s book The Harbours in America states that Elijah Harbour was born 1760-1770, probably in Virginia, and died about 1838 in Wayne County, Tennessee. On 27 September 1787, he married Hannah Bell in Lincoln County, Kentucky, and the couple then went to Madison County, Kentucky, where Elijah is found in records as early as January 1793. The family moved to Warren County, Tennessee, in the early 1800s, and by 1824, had settled in Wayne County.
Louis Williams thinks that Elijah and Hannah Harbour’s daughter Sarah was born about 1800. He notes that she married a Killogg [sic] and the couple lived in Wayne County, Tennessee. This is the sum of the information he has on this couple.
But he also notes that Elijah and Hannah had a son Elijah, and that it seems he was an Elijah B. Harbour born 1810-1820, who had a wife Jane and who moved to Itawamba County, Mississippi, where he sold land in 1842 to a Kellogg. The Kellogg to whom Elijah sold land in 1842 was, in fact, his sister Sarah.
On 16 March 1842 Elijah B. Harbour and wife Jane sold to Sary Kellogg, all of Itawamba County, the northeast ¼ of section 35, township 10, range 8 east, 160 acres from the Chickasaw cession. Sarah bought the land for $350. The deed states that it had appurtenances on it, which indicates that Sarah was buying not only a piece of land, but also probably a house and farm buildings — a homeplace on which she might already have been living. E.B. Harbour and his wife Jane signed the deed, Jane using a mark, and it was witnessed by William J. Lawson and C.H Bessonett. Jane relinquished her dower at Van Buren on 12 May 1842, Elijah acknowledged the deed at Fulton on 4 June 1842, and it was recorded on 26 May.
This deed tells us a number of interesting things:
1. By 16 March 1842, Samuel H. Kellogg’s mother Sarah had moved from Wayne County, Tennessee, to Itawamba County, Mississippi.
2. Since Sarah bought this property in her own name, it appears her husband Hiram Kellogg had died between 1830 and March 1842, perhaps in Wayne County, Tennessee. I find no Kelloggs at all on the 1840 federal census in either Wayne County, Tennessee, or Itawamba County, Mississippi — an indication that Hiram had died and his widow Sarah and their son Samuel H. Kellogg (and other children?) were probably living in the household of a relative. Elijah B. Harbour is on the 1840 census in Wayne County (as E.B. Harbour), with the census reporting no males at all in his household, and a female aged 30-40.
3. The coordinates for this 160 acres match the coordinates of the 160 acres Samuel H. Kellogg sold to his brother-in-law Thomas Madison Lindsey in Itawamba on 5 September 1850. If you read the previous posting I have just linked, you’ll recall that in it, I wondered how Samuel could have sold the 160 acres he had bought on 19 March 1850 from Samuel and Jane Burdine to Thomas M. Lindsey, and then resold it to John Baldwin on 11 August 1853.
This matter now becomes clear: Samuel H. Kellogg owned two separate tracts of 160 acres each in Itawamba. The first was the northeast ¼ of section 35, township 10, range 8 east. That’s the tract he sold to his brother-in-law Thomas M. Lindsey in September 1850.
This land had come to Samuel from his mother Sarah Harbour Kellogg, who got it in March 1842 from her brother Elijah B. Harbour. Sarah Harbour Kellogg had obviously died between 16 March 1842 and 5 September 1850, when her son sold her 160 acres to Thomas M. Lindsey. Samuel had inherited this piece of land from his mother.
The 160 acres Samuel bought from the Burdines on 19 March 1850 were the southeast ¼ of section 36, township 10, range 8 east — a different tract of 160 acres that Samuel and wife Rebecca sold to John Baldwin on 11 August 1853 as they left Mississippi for Louisiana.
Samuel H. and Frances Lindsey Kellogg Move to Louisiana
My previous posting left Samuel Hiram and Frances Rebecca Lindsey Kellogg as they were selling their land in Itawamba County, Mississippi, on 11 August 1853. As that posting notes, the deed for this land sale states that when they sold their Itawamba land, the Kelloggs were living in Pontotoc County, contiguous to Itawamba on the west in these years. As the posting also indicates, Samuel and Frances Rebecca’s son William Dennis Kellogg was born on 1 December 1854. Numerous records state that he was born in Louisiana. It appears the Kelloggs moved from Pontotoc County, Mississippi, to Louisiana in late 1853, and that their sale of land in Mississippi was in preparation for their move to Louisiana.
Frances Rebecca’s brother Mark Jefferson Lindsey had moved to Louisiana by this point. He and his family made the move from Lawrence County, Alabama, to Louisiana in 1849, settling in Bossier Parish by early 1850. In this period, Bossier bordered Claiborne Parish on the west. By 1858, Mark J. Lindsey’s family was in Claiborne. At some point prior to 1869, Mark moved his family to Coushatta Chute in Natchitoches Parish, which would become the parish seat of Red River Parish when that parish was formed in 1870.
The bible of Samuel H. and Frances Rebecca Kellogg states that son Samuel Hiram Kellogg, who was born 4 October 1858, was born in Claiborne Parish. In all likelihood, this is also where Samuel’s older brother William Dennis Kellogg was born — by 1 December 1854, when William Dennis was born, the family had, it seems to me, moved directly to Claiborne Parish, where they are found on the 1860 federal census.
The Kelloggs were definitely in Claiborne Parish by 18 June 1855, when Samuel H. Kellogg witnessed Benjamin D. Harrison’s sale to William Stran Custis of part of lot 51 fronting on North Main Street in Homer, the parish seat. The conveyance record states that Harrison was also selling the buildings found on this lot, known as the printing office of the newspaper Claiborne Advocate, along with all printing materials in the office. The other witness to this conveyance was Samuel Weil, who proved the conveyance on 23 June when it was recorded.
Benjamin Dorsey Harrison was a brother of Mary Ann Harrison, wife of Samuel H. Kellogg’s brother-in-law Mark Jefferson Lindsey. He had moved to Homer in May 1851 from Talladega, Alabama, and founded the Claiborne Advocate, the town’s first newspaper, in June of that year. On 3 September 1855, Custis would sell back to Harrison a quarter interest in Claiborne Advocate, with both agreeing to co-publish the paper and Custis controlling the editorial department while Harrison controlled the printing. Benjamin D. Harrison’s brother John Wesley Harrison was a witness to this conveyance.
Masonic records show Benjamin D. Harrison as secretary of the Taylor Masonic Lodge of Homer in 1852, with his brother John Wesley Harrison lodge deacon and his brother-in-law Mark J. Lindsey a member of this Lodge. In 1854, Benjamin D. Harrison remained secretary of Taylor Masonic Lodge at Homer, with his brother John Wesley Harrison also remaining in the lodge, and their brother-in-law M.J. Lindsey (the surname is Lindsay here) a “demitted member.” Mark was now in Lisbon Lodge in Claiborne Parish and was tyler of that lodge in 1854.
In moving to Claiborne Parish, the Kelloggs were, it should be evident, joining a network of interconnected families to which they had belonged back in Alabama and Mississippi. They were following Frances Rebecca’s brother Mark J. Lindsey to northwest Louisiana. In 1858, Frances Rebecca’s brother Samuel Asbury Lindsey would join his siblings there. As we’ve seen, he appears on the 1860 federal census in Bossier Parish, and the following year, would marry Leonora Elizabeth Bickley at Homer in Claiborne Parish, where the couple lived following their marriage. In 1859, Frances Rebecca’s sister Margaret and husband William Hunter would also move to Homer, where the Hunters are enumerated on the federal census in 1860 along with the Kelloggs. Samuel A. Lindsey’s first wife Mary Jane Hunter, who died in 1858, was a sister of Margaret’s husband William Hunter.
The 1860 federal census shows the Kelloggs living in Claiborne Parish’s 7th ward. S.H. Kellogg is listed as a farmer, 33, born in Tennessee, with $200 personal worth. Wife R.F. is 27, born in Alabama. In the household are children M.A. (Martha Ann), 9, S.J. (Sarah Jane), 8, W.D. (William Dennis), 4, and S.H. (Samuel Hiram), 3. Martha Ann and Sarah Jane were born in Mississippi, their brothers in Louisiana.
On 10 December 1863, Samuel Hiram Kellogg died of bronchitis at the family’s home in Homer, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. As we saw in the previous posting, Frances Rebecca recorded her husband’s date of death in the family bible, stating that he was 35 years and 8 months old when he died. The same date of death appears in the affidavit Frances gave on 14 June 1913 at Provencal in Natchitoches Parish, where she was then living, as she filed a widows’ pension application for Samuel’s Confederate service. The application was submitted on 8 February 1913.
According to her affidavit, Samuel enlisted in 1862 at Monroe, Louisiana, in Co. E of Louisiana’s 31st Infantry. The pension application file has a letter dated 13 February 1913 from the War Department in Washington, D.C., stating that Samuel’s name had not been found on the rolls of this company, and on 17 July 1913, the pension claim was rejected.
Frances Lindsey Kellogg’s Final Years
Samuel’s early death left Frances a struggling young widow with five children whose ages ranged from 13 to 3 and an unborn child on the way: James Richard Curry Kellogg, the couple’s final child, would be born 9 March 1864. By 1865, when the family of William and Margaret Lindsey Hunter appears on the tax list in Natchitoches Parish, that family had moved down to Coushatta Chute, and is seems very possible that the Kellogg family moved there along with the Hunters. This may also be when Margaret’s and Frances Rebecca’s brother Mark J. Lindsey moved to Coushatta Chute; the first certain record I find of him there is in 1869.
The 1870 federal census shows the family of R.F. Kellogg living at Coushatta Chute in Natchitoches Parish, next door to the family of her brother Mark J. Lindsey. R.F. Kellogg is 36, born in Alabama. In her household are children Martha A., 20, Sarah Jane, 18, William D., 16, Samuel B., 11, R. Francis (male), 7, and Richard, 6. The first two were born in Mississippi, the other children in Louisiana. All children except the last two are listed as farm laborers. The child R. Francis, who is erroneously listed as a male, is Samuel and Frances Rebecca’s daughter Rebecca Frances, who was born 24 December 1860, according to their bible register. The census also erroneously states that Mark J. Lindsey, his wife, and their son Benjamin Dennis, who was later a banker in San Antonio and sheriff of Bexar County, Texas, were illiterate.
Their close proximity on the 1870 census suggests that the families of Mark and Frances were relying on each other for support in times that were evidently difficult for both families. In a letter Frances’s sister Sarah Lindsey Speake sent to their sister Margaret Hunter on 1 May 1877, discussed in a previous posting, Sarah states that she felt closer to Frances and Mark among all of her siblings, because of all of her siblings, those two had had the hardest time of things.
Frances had, of course, been left a young widow in 1863, with a family of small children and one unborn child to raise. Mark and his wife Mary Ann had lost their two oldest sons by the time Sarah wrote Margaret in May 1877. Their oldest son, Michael Dorsey Lindsey, died in December 1867, having never recovered from the exposure he suffered on 14 April 1863, when the gunboat on which he and his brother Thomas were stationed — The Queen of the West — was sunk by Union fire on the Atchafalaya River. Thomas died when The Queen of the West was sunk. He was 19 when he died, and his brother Michael was 24 at his death. Five months after Sarah wrote Margaret about the hard times Frances and Mark had had, Mark would lose his wife Mary Ann to bilious fever at age 55.
Sarah also tells Margaret that she had had a recent letter from Mark informing her that all of Frances’s children had left her except for two boys, and Frances wanted to return to Alabama and live the balance of her days there. The letter speaks of an “old man” who “had told lies and caused her enough trouble to kill her.” Sarah also tells Margaret that their sister Martha wanted her to invite Frances and her sons to live with her and husband James B. Speake, but Sarah feared that Mr. Speake was getting childish. And they had turned over management of their place to their son Charles, and Sarah wondered whether Frances’s sons would be willing to be governed by him.
By 1877, Frances’s oldest children Martha Ann, Sarah Jane, and William Dennis had all married and left home. The two children living at home with Frances in 1877 were her sons Samuel Hiram Kellogg and James Richard Curry Kellogg, both of whom had not yet married. After 1870, when she’s enumerated in the Kellogg household on the federal census, I find no record of the daughter Rebecca Frances whose birth is recorded in the family bible. She seems to have died between 1870 and May 1877 when Sarah Speake wrote her letter to sister Margaret.
I don’t find Frances on the federal census in 1880 or in 1900, either. By 1880, her daughter Martha Ann and husband Matthew Pridgen had moved away to St. Landry Parish in south central Louisiana; Sarah Jane and husband Benjamin Franklin McWilliams had gone to Nevada County, Arkansas; and son William Dennis and wife Virginia Jenkins Kellogg were in Freestone County, Texas. The only member of the Kellogg family I find living in Red River or Natchitoches Parish in 1880 is Frances’s son Samuel H. Kellogg Jr., who was working as a hired hand for his uncle William Hunter and aunt Margaret Lindsey Hunter when the federal census was taken in that year.
By 1910, Frances had gone with her son James Richard Curry Kellogg and his family to DeRidder in Calcasieu Parish. James’s wife Mary Rose Elliott had died in 1904, and his household on the 1910 federal census consists of himself, their children, and his mother, whose name is given on this census as Francis R. Kellogg.Frances’s son James was working as a liveryman at a stable at this time.
Frances’s death on 18 April 1916 is recorded in her family bible in a handwriting different from either her own or the hand that wrote the early entries in the bible, which I believe is the hand of husband Samuel H. Kellogg. Since the affidavit she made on 14 January 1913 for a widows’ pension states that she was living at Provencal in Natchitoches Parish at that date, I think it’s likely that she died there. Frances’s widowed daughter Martha Ann Pridgen was living in Provencal by 1900, and she and her husband Matthew Pridgen are both buried in Provencal.
I have not found a burial place for either Samuel Hiram Kellogg or Frances Rebecca Lindsey.
Titus Kellogg of Chautauqua County, New York, and Claiborne Parish, Louisiana
As my previous posting indicated, one reason some researchers have sought to conflate the Hiram Kellogg of the 1830 federal census in Wayne County, Tennessee — who is pretty certainly the father of Samuel Hiram Kellogg — with the Hiram Kellogg found in Chautauqua County, New York, on that same census, is that the Hiram living in Chautauqua County had a brother Titus Kellogg who moved to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, from Chautauqua County, New York, in August 1839.
Titus was born 3 June 1797 at Dorset in Bennington County, Vermont, and died 29 August 1848 in Bossier Parish, Louisiana, where he’s buried in Koran cemetery just west of Lake Bistineau. On 7 February 1819 at Ashland in Chautauqua County, New York, he married Lucy Fletcher, who had moved from Massachusetts to Chautauqua County following the War of 1812. Hiram had come there from Vermont to farm, engage in merchandising, and operate an ashery. Lucy was teaching when the couple met as they boarded at the same boarding house.
When Titus failed at his various ventures in New York, he decided to move his family to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, a move they made in August 1839 while their older two children, Augustus and Mary, were enrolled in college at Oberlin in Ohio. This story is told in detail in a “diary” Lucy wrote at the age of 88 which is, properly speaking a manuscript. This document is a typescript that was apparently previously in the manuscript collection of the American Antiquarian Society of Worcester, Massachusetts, but is now in a collection entitled “Papers of Lucy Fletcher Kellogg” at Oberlin. It has been transcribed by Joyce Appleby in her Recollections of The Early Republic. Jim Kellogg’s website “The Kellogg Family in Louisiana,” discussed in the last posting, also has a transcript of Lucy’s “diary.”
The Oberlin archives also have a collection of the letters of Titus and Lucy Fletcher Kellogg’s daughter Mary, written to her beau James Harris Fairchild, some of them documenting part of the family’s time in Louisiana, after Mary joined them there before returning to Oberlin with James H. Fairchild following their marriage. He would become president of that college. Transcripts of two letters Mary Fletcher Kellogg wrote to James H. Fairchild from Louisiana on 8 February and 11 June 1841 are found in an online article at the Digitizing American Feminisms site in an article entitled “’You will see with what freedom I have written’: The Courtship Correspondence of James H. Fairchild and Mary F. Kellogg.” These transcriptions were made in 1939 by the Fairchilds’ son, James Thome Fairchild, and their granddaughter, Dorothy Kellogg Fairchild Graham, from the original letters now held by the Oberlin archives.
These documents — Lucy Fletcher Kellogg’s “diary” and her daughter Mary’s letters — provide a fascinating account of the family’s brief time in northwest Louisiana. Both Lucy and Mary speak of the family buying land in Louisiana and operating a farm with the labor of enslaved people — despite Oberlin College’s well-known advocacy for the abolition of slavery. They also indicate that for both Lucy and Mary, the move of a family with New England roots to northwest Louisiana in this period involved considerable culture shock, and both were not happy living in Louisiana. Following Titus’s death in a steamboat accident on Lake Bistineau in August 1848, Lucy moved to Iowa to join a son who had moved there and the family’s presence in Louisiana ended entirely.
It’s entirely understandable that some researchers have wondered about a possible connection between the family of Samuel Hiram Kellogg and that of Titus Kellogg and his brother Hiram, given that both Titus and Samuel Hiram moved to Claiborne Parish Louisiana. And the fact that the bible of Samuel and Frances Lindsey Kellogg tells us his father was named Hiram makes it alluring to suppose that the Hiram who was Samuel’s father was the well-documented brother of Titus also named Hiram Kellogg.
But those two Hirams were two different men, and no evidence I’ve seen links the Hiram Kellogg of Tennessee with the Kellogg family that came from Chautauqua County, New York, to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. The two families could be connected at some point in the past, but they were definitely not closely connected in the way researchers who have misidentified Samuel H. Kellogg’s father as the brother of Titus Kellogg have suggested.
The tie that drew Samuel and wife Frances to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, in 1853 was Frances’s brother Mark, who preceded the couple in moving to Louisiana. Mark moved there in 1849 with several of the brothers of his wife Mary Ann Harrison — her brothers John Wesley, Richard Thomas, and Abraham Anderson Harrison, the first two of whom had served in the Mexican American War in Alabama and were seeking bounty land for their service in Louisiana or Texas. Mark and Mary Ann raised her brother Abraham, who was only two years old when his father Benjamin Harrison died in Talladega County, Alabama, in January 1835. The migration of these families — Harrisons, Lindseys, Kelloggs — to northwest Louisiana from Alabama (and Mississippi) in the middle part of the 1800s was an example of chain migration, in which members of an interconnected network of families followed each other to a new place of settlement.
In my next and final posting about the family of Samuel Hiram Kellogg and Frances Rebecca Lindsey, I’ll provide some information about their children.
 Wayne County, Tennessee, Old Deed Bk. A, pp. 308- 310.
 Louis J. Williams, The Harbours in America (Harber, Harbor, Harbur, Harbour, Arbour) (Lubbock: Harbour-Harbor-Harber Family Association, 1982), pp. 38-9.
 Itawamba County, Mississippi, Deed Bk. 3, pp. 228-9.
 Ibid., Bk. 10, p. 162.
 Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, Conveyance Bk. C, pp. 329-330.
 See D.W. Harris, The History of Claiborne Parish, Louisiana (New Orleans: W.B. Stansbury, 1886), pp. 101, 109; and Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northwest Louisiana (Nashville: Southern, 1890), p. 393. See also Benjamin D. Harrison’s obituaries in Louisiana Weekly Journal (17 April 1889) p. 3, col. 2, and in Homer Guardian (19 April 1889), p. 3, col. 2.
 Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, Conveyance Bk. D, p. 23.
 Proceedings of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Louisiana, At Its Annual Communication Held at New Orleans, Jan. 19th, 1852 (New Orleans: Crescent, 1852).
 Proceedings of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Louisiana, At Its Annual Communication Held at New Orleans, Jan. 16th, 1854 (New Orleans: Sherman & Wharton, 1854).
 1860 federal census, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, 7th ward, Homer post office, p. 577 (dwelling 77/family 79; 7 July) (William and Margaret Hunter); 7th ward, p. 769 (dwelling and family 1369; 21 August) (Samuel and Frances Rebecca Kellogg).
 1870 federal census, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, ward 13, Coushatta Chute, p. 531 (dwelling 23, family 20; 24 June).
 1910 federal census, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, DeRidder, p. 6A (ED 44; dwelling and family 109; 16 April).
 Timothy Hopkins, The Kelloggs in the Old World and the New (San Francisco: Sunset, 1903), vol. 1, pp. 251-2.
 See, in addition to Titus’s Find a Grave memorial page linked above, Patsi Farmer, “Reclaiming Koran’s Cemetery,” Shreveport Times (5 July 1959), p. 52, col. 2-5, which notes that the Koran area was known as Bossier Point in the past. See also
 “Diary of Lucy Fletcher Kellogg” in Joyce Appleby, ed., Recollections of The Early Republic: Selected Autobiographies (Boston: Northeastern University, 1997), pp. 145-158.
 See R. James Kellogg, Jim Kellogg, “Migration from Ohio: Titus and Lucy Fletcher Kellogg,” for information on the family’s landholdings during their years in Louisiana.
 Nashville Christian Advocate reported Titus’s death on 29 August 1848 in Bossier Parish, aged 52, in its 27 October 1848 issue. See also Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northwest Louisiana: Comprising a Large Fund of Biography of Actual Residents, and an Interesting Historical Sketch of Thirteen Counties (Nashville: Southern, 1890), p. 670, stating that Titus died at Sharon church in Bossier Parish.