The bible of Samuel H. Kellogg and Frances Rebecca Lindsey states that she was born 23 September 1831, the daughter of Dennis and Jane Lindsey. The bible gives her name as R.F. Lindsey. Throughout her life, her name varies in different sources from Frances Rebecca to Rebecca Frances. For this reason, I use both of her names when I refer to her, since it appears even she herself sometimes went by the name Frances, and at other times, as Rebecca. The 1 May 1877 letter of her sister Sarah Lindsey Speake to sister Margaret Lindsey Hunter, discussed previously, indicates that her family called her Frances and not Rebecca. She appears as well in her father’s estate records as Frances or Frances Rebecca Lindsey. In addition, the birth entries for Samuel and Frances’s children in their family bible refer to their mother as Frances Kellogg. I’ll discuss Sarah Speake’s letter to Margaret Hunter in more detail in my next posting.
Information about the Kellogg family bible appeared in a previous posting. As the posting I have just linked states, according to R. James Kellogg, a descendant of Samuel and Frances Rebecca, at his website “The Kellogg Family in Louisiana,” Frances Rebecca brought the bible from Alabama to Mississippi and then to Louisiana, when the family moved to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, from Mississippi in 1853. After her death, it passed to her daughter-in-law (who was also her niece) Louvisa Frances Hunter, daughter of William Hunter and Margaret Tranquilla Lindsey. Louvisa married Frances Rebecca’s son Samuel H. Kellogg Jr. From Louvisa, the bible then passed to her son Basil Hiram Kellogg and from him to his youngest brother John Ewan Kellogg and wife Barbara Morgan Kellogg.
Joshua D. Whitehouse has helpfully uploaded digital images of a number of pages of this bible register to his “Kellogg Family Tree” at Ancestry. Photocopies of two additional pages from the bible register appear in Henry C. Lindsey’s The Mark Lindsey Heritage. He photocopied these from the bible register itself on a visit to Barbara Morgan Kellogg.
The pages from the bible provided by Joshua Whitehouse at his “Kellogg Family Tree” include a copy of the bible’s title page, which does not have a date or place of publication. I have not seen information about who wrote the birth, marriage, and death entries in this family bible. It seems likely that either Samuel or Rebecca wrote the initial entries recording each of their birthdates and their parents’ names as well as the names and dates of birth of their children. At the top of one page of the bible register, Frances Rebecca’s brother Mark Jefferson Lindsey has written his date of birth and the names of his parents, D. and Jane Lindsey. This entry is in Mark’s handwriting, which I recognize from a number of other sources. The two pages of the bible register photocopied by Henry C. Lindsey seem to contain entries in the hands of several different people, something that often happened when a family bible passed from parent to child to grandchild.
The entry in the bible’s death register recording Samuel H. Kellogg’s death on 10 December 1863 cannot have been written by him. If it’s compared with Frances Rebecca’s signature to her application for a pension on Samuel’s (alleged — the pension committee found no proof of his service) Confederate service, a document she signed on 14 January 1913, it seems evident to me that Frances Rebecca recorded her husband’s death date. The handwriting is the same — the stylized K, for instance — though the signature in 1913 is that of an elderly woman in her 80s who would die within three years, who no longer wrote firmly in the final years of her life.
Since this handwriting differs from the handwriting of the entries recording Samuel and Frances Rebecca’s birthdates, I am inclined to think Samuel wrote their birthdate entries in this bible. At least some of the entries of the births of the couple’s children also seem to be in his handwriting.
Marriage of Frances Rebecca Lindsey and Samuel Hiram Kellogg
The bible register states, “Samel. H. Kellogg and R.F. Lindsey was married November 8th 1848 / alabama.” The handwriting for this entry in the bible register seems to me to be the same as the hand that recorded the dates of birth of Samuel and Frances Rebecca — a hand that I believe is Samuel’s. The Confederate widows’ pension application Frances Rebecca filed on 14 January 1913 has the same date of marriage, adding that the couple married at Oakville, Alabama, with Rev. David Dancy as the officiating minister.
We met Reverend David Mason Dancy in a previous posting which noted that he was a Methodist minister in Lawrence County, Alabama, who wrote an obituary for Frances Rebecca’s sister Mary Jane Lindsey Brooks that was published in the Methodist publication the Nashville Christian Advocate on 26 April 1850.
Another puzzle: I cannot find a record of the marriage of Samuel H. Kellogg and Frances Rebecca Lindsey in Lawrence County, Alabama, marriage books or Lawrence County marriage bonds, licenses, and returns. In addition to this puzzle, there’s the puzzle of when and where the couple would have met. I find no mention of any Kelloggs in this period in Lawrence County or in nearby counties in Alabama. The name is concentrated in New England and New York, which is where the historic roots of almost all American Kelloggs lie.
I now have a plausible notion of how Samuel and Frances Rebecca met. Please see this subsequent posting for my new information about this.
Questions about Samuel Hiram Kellogg’s Ancestry
The 1850 and 1860 federal censuses provide a valuable clue, however, about Samuel Hiram Kellogg’s probable whereabouts before he married Rebecca Frances Lindsey: both censuses give his birthplace as Tennessee. According to his and Frances Rebecca’s bible, Samuel was born 12 May 1828, the son of Hyrom and Sarah Kellogg. The information that Samuel’s parents were Hiram and Sarah Kellogg is repeated in the entry of his death in the bible register.
The 1830 federal census shows a Hiram Kellogg living in Wayne County, Tennessee. In his household are a male aged 20-29, a male aged under 5, two females 20-29 and two females under 5, along with one enslaved person. Obviously the younger male in the household is in the age category of Samuel H. Kellogg, given his birthdate as recorded in the Kellogg bible.
I think it’s very likely that this Hiram Kellogg is the father of Samuel Hiram Kellogg, and that his son Samuel was born in Wayne County, Tennessee. This is the sole Kellogg entry I find on the census in 1830 in Tennessee. I spot none at all in Alabama. Wayne County, Tennessee, is not far up the road from Lawrence County, Alabama. It sits on the Tennessee-Alabama border and is bordered by Lauderdale County, Alabama, with Lawrence County bordering Lauderdale on the south.
I can find no more information about the Hiram Kellogg enumerated on the 1830 census in Wayne County, Tennessee — where he was prior to 1830, when and where he died, etc. Jim Kellogg notes that he has not been able to confirm the ancestry of Hiram Kellogg, father of Samuel Hiram Kellogg. He proposes that Hiram is likely a brother of a Titus Kellogg who moved from Chautauqua County, New York, to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, in August 1839. I’ll say more about this Titus in the posting following this one.
For now, I’d like to note that this Titus Kellogg did, indeed, have a well-documented brother Hiram, who was born 20 September 1802 at Dorset in Bennington County, Vermont. This is the Hiram for whom Jim Kellogg opts as Samuel’s father as he seeks to construct an ancestral tree for Samuel Hiram Kellogg.
But there are some big obstacles in equating that Hiram Kellogg, brother of Titus Kellogg of New York and Louisiana, with the Hiram Kellogg found on the 1830 census in Wayne County, Tennessee. In the first place, the Hiram who was brother of Titus Kellogg is found on the 1830 federal census in Chautauqua County, New York. In fact, the Hiram Kellogg who was brother of Titus spent his entire adult life in Chautauqua County and died there in 1878. There is no evidence at all to suggest he was ever in Tennessee.
Second, this Hiram Kellogg married Julia Staniford Elderkin on 2 May 1825. His wife’s name consistently appears as Julia from that time forward in one record after another throughout both of their lives. But the bible of Frances Rebecca Lindsey and Samuel Hiram Kellogg states that the parents of Samuel were Hiram and Sarah Kellogg.
I think the Hiram Kellogg who was father of Samuel H. Kellogg was a different Hiram than the brother of Titus Kellogg of New York and Louisiana. I also think it’s very likely he’s the Hiram Kellogg found on the 1830 census in Wayne County, Tennessee. Unfortunately, it’s difficult for us to find out more about the Hiram Kellogg of the 1830 federal census in Wayne County, Tennessee, because that county’s early records long since burned in a courthouse fire. The loss of Wayne County records also makes it difficult for us to know much about Samuel’s life prior to his marriage to Frances Rebecca. When and where they would have met, if Samuel grew up in Tennessee and Frances Rebecca in Alabama, remains mysterious to me.
Note: I have now found an 1826 deed in Wayne County — a deed book that survived the courthouse fire — in which Elijah Harbour names Sally Kellogg as his daughter. In my next posting, I will discuss this deed. It appears Hiram Kellogg of Wayne County, Tennessee, married Sarah Harbour, and that Hiram died before 16 March 1842 when Sarah Kellogg shows up in Itawamba County, Mississippi, buying land from her brother Elijah B. Harbour there.
The Newly Married Couple Moves to Itawamba County, Mississippi
Within two years of their marriage, the Kelloggs had joined Frances Rebecca’s brother John Wesley and Thomas Madison Lindsey in Itawamba County, Mississippi. On 9 March 1850, Samuel bought from Samuel Burdine and wife Jane 160 acres from the Chickasaw cession in Itawamba County, the southeast ¼ of section 36, township 10, range 8 east. Samuel paid $600 for the property. The deed notes that all parties lived in Itawamba County. It was signed by Samuel and Jane R. Burdine and has no witnesses. Samuel Burdine proved it the same day and it was filed 6 September and recorded on the 7th.
On 5 September 1850, the day before the preceding deed was filed, Samuel H. Kellogg sold his brother-in-law Thomas M. Lindsey, both of Itawamba County, another 160-acre tract in Itawamba — the northeast ¼ of section 35, township 10, range 8 east. Thomas paid $250 for this land, and Samuel signed the deed with no witnesses and proved it the following day, when it was filed. The deed was recorded on the 7th of September.
As this subsequent posting will show, the piece of land Samuel sold to Thomas came to him from his mother Sarah Harbour Kellogg, who had bought it from her brother Elijah B. Harbour on 16 March 1842. Sarah had, it seems evident, died between that date and 5 September 1850, and Samuel had inherited the land from her.
Samuel and Frances Rebecca Kellogg appear on the 1850 federal census in district 6 of Itawamba County. The census shows Samuel H. Kellogg as 21, a farmer with $600 real worth, born in Tennessee. Wife Rebecca F. is 17, born in Alabama. Daughter Martha A. is 7 months old and born in Mississippi. Martha Ann was born 20 January 1850, according to her parents’ bible. This places the family in Itawamba County by the start of 1850. Also living in district 6 of Itawamba County at this time were Frances Rebecca’s brothers John and Thomas and their uncle Charles Madison Brooks.
On 11 August 1853, Samuel H. Kellogg and wife Rebecca F. of Pontotoc County, Mississippi, sold to John Baldwin and wife Martha Ann of Itawamba County the 160-acre tract in Itawamba Samuel had bought from Samuel and Jane Burdine on 9 March 1850. The land sold for $600. Both Samuel and Frances Rebecca signed the deed, she as R.F. Kellogg, with her brother John W. Lindsey witnessing. Samuel and Frances Rebecca proved the deed in Pontotoc County on the same day, and it was filed 10 February 1854 and recorded 1 March 1854. I find no indication in Pontotoc County land records that Samuel had acquired land there.
Pontotoc was in this period contiguous to Itawamba on Itawamba’s western border. In 1866, portions of both counties would be cut into Lee County, which now stands between Itawamba and Pontotoc.
By 1 December 1854, when their son William Dennis Kellogg was born, the Kellogg family had moved from Mississippi to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana. The August 1853 deed of their land in Itawamba suggests to me that they were selling out in Mississippi in preparation for the move to Louisiana. My next posting will document their lives in Louisiana.
 Henry C. Lindsey, The Mark Lindsey Heritage (Brownwood, Texas, 1982), pp. 111-2.
 Louisiana State Archives, “Louisiana Confederate Pensions, 1898-1950: Keller, David C Sr – Kierman, Thomas,” Family Search database.
 Ibid. Mark Lindsey Heritage, p. 110, has the same date and place of marriage, citing “family records.” “Kellogg Family in Louisiana” has the same date of marriage, stating that the couple married in Oakdale [sic], Alabama; no source for this information is cited.
 Nashville Christian Advocate 14,26 (26 April 1850), p. 4, col. 5.
 1850 federal census, Itawamba County, Mississippi, district 6, p. 340 (dwelling 575, family 537; 28 September); 1860 federal census, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, 7th ward, p. 769 (dwelling and family 1369; 21 August). Jim Kellogg has the same date of marriage, stating that the couple married at Oakdale [sic], Alabama. He, too, does not cite a source for this information
 1830 federal census, Wayne County, Tennessee, p. 182.
 Timothy Hopkins, The Kelloggs in the Old World and the New, vol. 1 (San Francisco: Sunset, 1903), p. 558.
 1830 federal census, Chautauqua County, New York, p. 330.
 Kelloggs in the Old World and the New, p. 558.
 Itawamba County, Mississippi, Deed Bk. 8, pp. 47-8.
 Ibid., pp. 48-9.
 See supra, n. 6.
 Itawamba County, Mississippi, Deed Bk. 10, p. 162.