I now want to take the Brooks family story back a generation, to Virginia, where they’re found first in the records of Frederick County and then in Wythe County. I’m going to focus on Thomas Madison Brooks’s father Thomas Brooks, who was born before 1747 and who died in Wythe County in January-February 1805. What I know of Thomas Brooks’s story begins in Frederick County, where I first catch sight of him in a March 1767 land record which shows that he was of age by 1767 (hence my conclusion that Thomas was born prior to 1747), and provides interesting information about Thomas’s connection to a number of other families in Frederick County whose histories give us clues about Thomas and his family.
Why Frederick County, Virginia? How We Know That the Roots of This Brooks Family Track Back There
So how do we know to look back to Frederick County, Virginia, as we track this story of a Brooks family from north Alabama through Kentucky into Wythe County, Virginia? We have an important indicator in Thomas’s family bible, which, as the first posting linked above tells us, passed to his oldest son Charles Madison Brooks, who had bought the bible at Thomas’s estate sale in April 1839 in Morgan County (on this, see the third posting linked above). The bible, whose original entries seem to have been recorded by Thomas Brooks himself, states that he was born “October 28th 1775 in Frederick County, State of Virginia.” This record places Thomas Brooks’s parents in Frederick County in October 1775, and tells us to look to that county for information about this Brooks family before they begin appearing in Wythe County records in 1793.
In the first posting I link at the start of this one, you’ll also see that I have concluded that the Thomas Brooks born in 1775 in Frederick County was the son of an older Thomas Brooks found in Wythe County records from 1793 forward, who is also, I have concluded, a Thomas Brooks named as a son of Mary Brooks in the will she made in Frederick County on 9 July 1786, which was proven 4 April 1787. Mary’s will suggests that all of her children were of age when she died. Her four daughters Mary Hollingsworth, Elizabeth Rice, Sarah Asdill/Ashdale, and Susanna Haynes all appear in the will with married surnames. The will names two sons, Thomas and James.
As the first posting linked at the start of this one also tells you, I have not been able to trace this Brooks line further back than Mary Brooks, and I have not identified Mary’s husband or her maiden surname. Various family trees online and other published sources claim to identify Mary’s husband and Mary’s maiden name, but I have seen no proof to substantiate the claims made in these family trees and published sources.
First Record of Thomas Brooks (abt. 1747-1805) in Frederick County, and What It Tells Us
The first Frederick County record I can point to with relatively certainty as a record pertaining to the Thomas Brooks named in the 1787 will of Mary Brooks is a 2-3 March 1767 land record showing Patrick Rice selling land to John Rice, both of Frederick County, with Thomas Brooks as one of the witnesses. At first blush, this record might seem a relatively thin document on which to place much emphasis, as we make genealogical conclusions about Thomas Brooks. But look closely at this deed record, and it begins to yield important pieces of information about Thomas and his connections.
On 2-3 March, Patrick Rice made two deeds to John Rice. These two deeds actually constitute a single deed: it was the practice in Frederick County at this time when deeding land to make a first deed leasing and releasing the land to the buyer, then a second deed selling the same land to the buyer. In the first of these two March 1767 land transactions, on 2 March, Patrick Rice sells to John Rice, both of Frederick County, 385 acres patented to Patrick on 9 January 1767. Patrick sells John this land for ￡250 Virginia money, granting a lease and release on the land. The deed states that the land had been patented to Patrick on 8 January 1752 and joined the corner of Lord Fairfax and George Martin. Patrick signed the deed with witnesses Edmond Rice, Robert Hollingsworth, Andrew McCormack/McCormick, Thomas Blackmore, and Thomas Brooks. Pay attention to that set of names. I’m going to tell you more about each of those men than you perhaps ever wanted to know!
The following day, Patrick Rice sold to John Rice the same 385 acres for the same price, with the deed noting again that the land had been patented to Patrick on 8 January 1752 and that the tract adjoined Lord Fairfax and George Martin. Patrick again signed, with the same witnesses except for Andrew McCormack/McCormick, who is not included in the list of witnesses for this deed. Patrick acknowledged both deeds on 5 May 1767 and they were recorded.
Families Living Near and Connecting to Brooks Family: The Rices
John Rice was Patrick Rice’s son. Previously, Patrick had assigned John 410 acres in Frederick County on 19 March 1761, for which Patrick had a warrant on 9 August 1760. The file for this survey is in the loose-papers files for Northern Neck surveys in Frederick County. The file contains Patrick’s 9 August 1760 warrant stating that the 410 acres were unoccupied when Patrick requested a survey of them, and that they joined his own patent and the land of Dr. John McCormick, extending towards Bullskin run. Also in the file is Thomas Rutherford’s 19 March 1761 survey and plat of the land showing that it joined Patrick’s patent line, John McCormick, George Martin, Lord Fairfax, and Edmund Lindsey, and that the chain carriers for Rutherford’s survey were Patrick Rice himself and Captain John Lindsey. Written on the plat is a notation that on the day of the survey, Patrick Rice assigned the land to his son John, asking that the deed be made to John.
John died testate in Frederick County with a will dated 2 November 1782, proved 3 May 1785. Thomas Brooks was a witness to the will. Other witnesses were Thomas Hale, Thomas Blakemore, and Patrick Rice. Thomas Blakemore is the Thomas Blackmore who, along with Thomas Brooks, witnessed Patrick Rice’s March 1767 deed to John Rice. One of the appraisers of John Rice’s estate was Robert Hollingsworth, also a witness to the 1767 deeds Patrick Rice made to his son John.
Here’s the original patent to Patrick Rice for the 385 acres he sold to his son John on 2-3 March 1767. The patent, which is found in the Northern Neck grant books, confirms that the patent was made to him on 8 January 1752 by Lord Fairfax, whose land adjoined this piece of land. The patent also states George Martin had originally had the land surveyed, but failed to pay for it in the appropriate period of time and Patrick Rice claimed it. The patent also tells us that George Washington surveyed this tract.
Osher Map Library at the University of Southern Maine has in its collections a survey done by George Washington for Patrick Rice on Long Marsh in Frederick County on 20 October 1750. This land lay at the head of Long Marsh, according to the land description, and the plat shows Long Marsh Creek starting within the tract of land. A digital image of the document is online at the website of Osher Map Library.
Since we can be sure that the Thomas Brooks witnessing Patrick Rice’s deed to his son John in March 1767 is Thomas, son of Mary Brooks of the 1787 Frederick County will — and I’ll explain why we can conclude this in just a moment — this deed is important first of all because it tells us that Mary’s son Thomas was of age by March 1767. That places his birth by 1747.
Second, as we begin looking closely at the names connected to this March 1767 deed, we find very interesting information about families that we know from other documents have ties to the Brooks family. I’ve noted above that Mary Brooks’s 1787 will tells us she had a daughter Elizabeth who married a Rice and a daughter Mary who married a Hollingsworth.
So it should pique our interest that, in this 1767 deed, we find Thomas Brooks — another child Mary names in her 1787 will — witnessing a Rice land transaction. Begin investigating the Rice family into which Mary Brooks’s daughter Mary married, and you’ll find that her husband was George Rice, a son of the Patrick Rice selling land in March 1767 to another of his sons, John. In a deed he made 25 September 1754 in Frederick County, Patrick Rice identifies George Rice as his son: the deed states that Patrick was deeding to sons George and Edmond for love and affection 300 acres of land in Long Marsh in Frederick County that had been deeded to Patrick by Lord Thomas Fairfax on 14 April 1752. As this 1754 deed tells us, too, the Edmond Rice who was a witness along with Thomas Brooks to Patrick Rice’s deed to John Rice in March 1767 was Patrick’s son and brother to George Rice who married Elizabeth Brooks.
So the 2-3 March 1767 deed by Patrick Rice that Thomas Brooks witnessed was a deed made by a man whose son George married Thomas’s sister Elizabeth. I haven’t found a date for the marriage of George Rice and Elizabeth Brooks, but it appears they married around the time these 1767 deeds were made, since their oldest child, Ruth, appears on the 1850 federal census with her age given as 81, indicating a birth year of 1769.
More to note in the March 1767 deed of Patrick Rice to John Rice that Thomas Brooks witnessed: note the name Robert Hollingsworth, another of the witnesses. Patrick Rice’s 9 June 1798 will in Frederick County tells us that Robert Hollingsworth was Patrick’s son-in-law, husband of Patrick’s daughter Susanna Rice. As we’ll see later, when Mary Brooks’s will was proved at Frederick County court on 4 April 1787, one of those the court appointed to appraise Mary’s estate was Robert Hollingsworth.
Families Living Near and Connecting to Brooks Family: The Hollingsworths
The name Hollingsworth in these 1767 land records should ring a bell for another reason: I’ve told you that the 1787 will of Mary Brooks identifies one of her daughters as Mary Hollingsworth. Mary Brooks younger married Jacob Hollingsworth, son of Samuel Hollingsworth and Barbara Shewin. Robert Hollingsworth was a second cousin of Jacob Hollingsworth. According to J. Adger Stewart, Robert Hollingsworth was born in 1744, and was the son of George Hollingsworth and Hannah McCoy/McKay of Cecil County, Maryland, and Frederick County, Virginia. George’s father Abraham Hollingsworth was among the earliest settlers of what became Frederick County, Virginia, where he bought a tract of 582 acres south of what became Winchester, the county seat, in 1732 known as Abraham’s Delight that was the center for the burgeoning Quaker community in Frederick County for several decades to follow.
Mary Brooks seems to have married Jacob Hollingsworth around the same time that her sister Elizabeth married Patrick Rice’s son George — 1767-8. Mary and Jacob’s first child, a daughter Hannah, was aged 72 when she died on 16 November 1841, according to her tombstone in Nacoochee Methodist cemetery at Sautee, White County, Georgia. This suggests 1769 as Hannah’s year of birth.
And there’s more to note in the March 1767 deed of Patrick Rice to John Rice witnessed by Thomas Brooks and others: the Andrew McCormick witnessing the deed along with Thomas Brooks and others (the original document spells his surname as McCormack) was the son of John McCormick (abt. 1703-1769) of Frederick County. John’s son Francis McCormick (1734-1794), who married Ann Province, was father of William McCormick (1768-1819), who married Elizabeth Rice (1775-1816), a daughter of George Rice and Elizabeth Brooks.
Families Living Near and Connecting to Brooks Family: The Blackmores/Blakemores
Another name to notice in the March 1769 deeds of Patrick Rice to John Rice witnessed by Thomas Brooks: Thomas Blackmore. When Patrick Rice made his will in Frederick County on 9 June 1798 (see above for information about the will), the witnesses to the will included George Blakemore. Blakemore and Blackmore are variant spellings of the same surname.
George Blakemore (1759-1833) was a son of the Thomas Blackmore (1718-1808) who witnessed Patrick Rice’s 1767 deeds to his son John Rice. According to Maurice Neville Blakemore, Thomas Blakemore was born in Lancaster County, Virginia, on 19 June 1718, son of Edward and Hannah Blakemore, and died 26 October 1808 in Frederick County. On 5 November 1756, Thomas married Ann Neville, daughter of George Neville and Mary Gibbs. Thomas moved from Lancaster to Frederick County around the time of the marriage. Thomas and Ann’s son George, who witnessed Patrick Rice’s will in 1798, was a justice of the Frederick County court.
As Thomas Kemp Cartmell indicates, early landholders in Frederick County with surveys in the Long Marsh part of the county by the late 1740s and early 1750s included both Captain George Neville and Patrick Rice. George Neville lived in Prince William and then Fauquier County, but he appears also as a landholder with large tracts of land in Frederick County by the 1750s. When Edmund Lindsey Sr. received a Northern Neck grant for 244 acres in Long Marsh in Frederick County on 4 August 1766, the grant states that the tract adjoined George Neville (Neaville in original), Joseph Reeder, George Rice, Patrick Rice, and Edmund Lindsey.
A 14 March 1767 deed shows George Neville deeding some of the land granted to him in the Northern Neck to son-in-law Thomas Blackmore. The deed states that George, whose surname is spelled Neavill here, was of Fauquier County and was deeding to Thomas and Ann Blackmore of Frederick County for ￡300 Virginia money 333½ acres near the head of Buck Marsh, out of a tract of 400 acres granted to George Neavill from the Northern Neck proprietor on 20 November 1750, and also from a tract of 275 acres granted to Neavill contiguous to this on 21 July 1760. The land adjoined Calmes and Samuel Morris.
In his journal documenting his “journey over the mountains,” George Washington notes as the journal begins that he began the journey on 14 March 1747/8 in the company of George Fairfax, Esq., and that the two of them traveled on that day 40 miles to reach the house of Mr. George Neavels [sic] in Prince William County. As J.M. Toner, editor of the edition of Washington’s journal published in 1892 indicates, George Neville was related to Lord Thomas Fairfax through George’s first wife Ann/Hannah Burroughs.
Families Living Near and Connecting to Brooks Family: The McCormicks
We know from Frederick County court records that the John McCormick mentioned previously was also a neighbor of Patrick Rice and George Neville. On 8 July 1760, Dr. John McCormick received a grant of 456 acres on Long Marsh in Frederick County. The records of this survey and grant shows the land joining Thomas Lindsey and Patrick Rice. According to Cecil O’Dell, this 456-acre tract lay on the north side of Long Marsh, with most of the land now in Clarke County, Virginia, and a smaller portion in Jefferson County, West Virginia. John McCormick sold this land in 1763 to his son Francis.
A Frederick County court record regarding road work on 6 May 1761 also shows Patrick Rice and John McCormick as neighbors: on that date, the county court appointed Patrick overseer of a road from Long Marsh below Captain Neill’s to Patrick’s house. On the same day, the court appointed Edmond Lindsey Jr. overseer of the road from Patrick Rice’s to John McCormick’s.
Cecil O’Dell states that John McCormick purchased 395 acres from Joist Hite on 21 May 1740, the land being at the head of Bullskin Run in what was then Orange County, afterwards Frederick County, and finally Jefferson County, West Virginia, where this McCormick tract now lies outside Summit Point. Another indicator of the closeness of Patrick Rice and John McCormick: when John made his will in Frederick County on 8 May 1768, Patrick Rice was a witness to the will.
The Rice, Blakemore, Neville, and McCormick families held neighboring pieces of land in Frederick County by the 1760s when Patrick Rice deeded land to his son John Rice — and, in all likelihood, the Brooks family lived near these other families, as Frederick County tax records in the 1780s will further suggest to us. Also living in this vicinity were members of the Hollingsworth family. George Blakemore, witness to the will of Patrick Rice, lived at a place called Cedar Grove about three miles west of Berryville in what is now Clarke County, Virginia, while Dr. John McCormick, progenitor of the Frederick County McCormick family, built a house called White House Farm in 1742 some seven miles north of there near what’s now Summit Point in Jefferson County, West Virginia.
So to summarize:
1. The March 1767 deed of Patrick Rice to John Rice witnessed by Thomas Brooks indicates that Thomas was born by 1747.
2. This deed shows Thomas interacting in 1767 with people who are part of families into which his siblings married — the Rice and Hollingsworth families.
3. Various records place the people named in this 1767 deed in the Long Marsh area of what was then Frederick County but later became Clarke County, suggesting to us that the Brooks family lived in the same vicinity.
4. As we’ll see in a moment, the migration path of the Blakemore family from Lancaster County to Frederick County in the 1750s also points us back to Lancaster and Middlesex County for records of some of the families with whom we find the Brooks family interacting in Frederick County.
Establishing Birthdates for Thomas Brooks and Older Sisters Mary and Elizabeth
A further note about the date of birth of Thomas Brooks and some of his siblings: as we’ve seen, the March 1767 Rice deed record establishes Thomas’s birth as prior to or around 1747. As we’ll see in a moment, Thomas married in January 1771. I’ve suggested that Thomas’s sisters Mary and Elizabeth, the first two daughters named in their mother’s 1787 will, both married around 1767-8, not long before their first children Hannah Hollingsworth and Ruth Rice were born in 1769. These pieces of information suggest a possible date of birth of around 1740-1750 (likely 1745-1750) for both Mary and Elizabeth Brooks.
In his history of the Harlan family, Alpheus Harlan states that Jacob Hollingsworth, husband of Mary Brooks, was born in 1742/3. The will of Jacob’s father Samuel Hollingsworth (who was son of Samuel Hollingsworth and Hannah Harlan) on 2 October 1751 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, indicates that his sons Samuel and Jacob were both minors when their father died in November 1751. The records of Old Kennett Friends’ meeting in Chester County show Jacob’s parents Samuel Hollingsworth and Barbara Shewin marrying there on 2 December 1738, so it’s clear that the two sons of Samuel Hollingsworth and Barbara Shewin were born after 1738.
Barbara Shewin Hollingsworth remarried following the death of her husband Samuel Hollingsworth. Records of Old Swedes church in Wilmington, Delaware, show her marrying Philip Philips there on 9 May 1754. At the time of their mother’s second marriage, Jacob Hollingsworth and his brother Samuel were still minors and were apprenticed as carpenters under the terms of the 1751 will of their father Samuel Hollingsworth. By the time their step-father Philip Philips died in Baltimore County, Maryland, in early 1765, Jacob and his brother Samuel had come of age and are listed as Philip’s kin in the inventory of his estate on 4 March. These pieces of information appear to confirm Harlan’s date of birth — 1742/3 — for Jacob Hollingsworth. If Jacob’s birthdate is an indicator of the probable time frame in which his wife Mary Brooks, whom he married in 1767-8, was born, then it seems likely that Mary was born between 1745-1750.
As to Mary’s sister Elizabeth Brooks and her birthdate: I don’t have a clear record of the date of birth of either Elizabeth or her husband George Rice. We know that George was of age by September 1754 when his father Patrick Rice deeded land to him for love and affection in Frederick County, so this appears to establish his birthdate as prior to or around 1734. Since there appear to be no extant records for George before the mid-1750s, it seems likely he had recently come of age when his father made that 1754 deed to him, and was born around 1734. We also know from a number of records that George served as a captain on the staff of Colonel Boquet in 1756 in Boquet’s westward expedition during the French and Indian war: George Rice stated this in an affidavit he gave in Frederick County court on 8 March 1780, in which he claimed 2,000 acres of land for his service.
The 1810 federal census tells us that Elizabeth Brooks Rice was 45 years and older in that year, which is not very helpful, other than indicating to us that she was born prior to 1765. Given that Elizabeth seems to have married around 1767-8, it seems likely she was born by or near 1747-1750, and would have been around twenty or younger at the time of her marriage. Elizabeth was evidently some years younger than her husband George Rice.
What can be winkled out of various records about the likely dates of birth of the children named in Mary Brooks’s 1787 will suggests, then, that Mary named both her daughters and her sons in order of birth in the will, and that Mary and Elizabeth, both of whom married about 1767-8, were her oldest daughters, and Thomas, who would marry in 1771, was her older son.
Thomas Brooks Marries Margaret, Daughter of John and Jane Beamon/Beaumont, in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia, in January 1771
As I state in a previous posting, the register of births, marriages, and deaths of Christ Church parish in Middlesex County, Virginia, shows a Thomas Brooks marrying Margaret Beamon in that parish on 29 January 1771. As my previous posting notes, though I do not have absolute proof that this is a record of the marriage of Thomas, son of Mary Brooks (d. 1787), there are a number of reasons for concluding that the Thomas Brooks marrying Margaret Beamon/Beaman in Christ Church parish in January 1771 is Mary’s son.
We do know from the 1804 Wythe County will of Mary’s son Thomas that his wife was named Margaret. We can also estimate the marriage of Thomas Brooks and wife Margaret around 1771 since that’s the year in which their first child, a daughter Sarah, was born. When Sarah, who had married William Lahue in Grayson County, Kentucky, on 8 October 1825, died in Grayson County on 13 February 1857, her death record recorded that she was the daughter of Thomas and Margaret Brooks, aged 86, and that she was born in Frederick County, Virginia.
Christ Church parish register shows Margaret, daughter of John and Jane Beaman, born 30 November 1747. Note that this date of bith closely matches my projected date of birth for Thomas Brooks. Beamon/Beaman are variant (and phonetic) spellings of the surname Beaumont. A number of sources indicate that John Beamon/Beaumont, father of Margaret Beamon who married Thomas Brooks, was a grandson of William Beaumont, who married Hope, daughter of Peregrine Bland (abt. 1596-1647), an early Virginia settler. Peregrine Bland was a graduate of Magdalene College at University of Cambridge, and a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from Charles City County.
It might seem strange to find a man who was living in Frederick County marrying in 1771 in county several counties east of Frederick. Marriages usually occurred in the parish or church or place of residence of the bride, however, so the fact that Thomas Brooks married Margaret Beamon in Christ Church parish in Middlesex probably indicates that if this is Thomas Brooks of Frederick County, he was marrying in Middlesex County because Margaret Beamon resided there. It’s worth noting that after Thomas Brooks and Margaret Beamon married in 1771 in Christ Church parish, I find no further trace of them in parish records or in Middlesex County records, suggesting they did not remain there. There are many indications of connections between Middlesex and contiguous Lancaster County in this period (Middlesex was created from Lancaster in 1763), including indications of movement out of Lancaster and Middlesex Counties to Frederick County.
For instance, George Neville, whose daughter Ann married Thomas Blakemore, married his wife Mary, daughter of John Gibbs, in Christ Church parish on 20 June 1729. As we’ve seen, George and his son-in-law Thomas Blakemore both held land (and Thomas lived) in the vicinity of the Rice and McCormick families — where the Brooks family also evidently lived. George Neville’s first wife Ann/Hannah Burroughs had died in Christ Church parish on 31 December 1728 a week after giving birth to their daughter Elizabeth, with both Hannah’s death and Elizabeth’s birth recorded in the Christ Church register.
The Christ Church register also tells us that a sister-in-law of Thomas Blakemore, Jemima Blakemore, married William Bristow in that parish on 12 March 1783. This was Jemima’s second marriage. She was née Newsome, and had married first Edward Blakemore Jr., a brother of Thomas Blakemore. Thomas and Edward Blakemore Jr. were sons of Edward Blakemore Sr. of Lancaster County, who made his will there on 27 March 1738. As Maurice Neville Blakemore notes, Jemima Newsome also had roots in Lancaster County where she inherited from her father land on the north side of the Rappahannock River at Newsome Creek.
Note that these records point us to a family closely associated with Thomas Brooks when we first catch sight of him in Frederick County records in 1767— the Blakemore family — who had Lancaster County roots and ties to Christ Church, and some of whose family members had settled in Frederick County by the latter half of the 1700s. Thomas Brooks’s connection to Thomas Blakemore might well account for his having chosen a bride in Christ Church parish in Middlesex County.
I’ve noted the marriage of William Bristow to Jemima Newsom Blakemore, widow of Edward Blakemore Jr., in Christ Church parish, Middlesex County, on 12 March 1783. Other interesting information about members of the Bristow family, another Lancaster County family, in the register of Christ Church parish suggests that that family had close ties to a Brooks family found in Christ Church records, and to the Beamon/Beamon family into which Thomas Brooks married. Immediately following the marriage of Thomas Brooks and Margaret Beamon on 29 January 1771 in the Christ Church register is recorded the marriage of Edward Bristow Jr. to Anne Brooks on 31 January 1771. The Christ Church register tells us that the previous year on 18 March 1770, Edward Bristow Jr. had married Mary Beamon/Beaman, who evidently did not live long after this marriage.
Mary Beamon/Beaman is very likely, I think, a sister of Margaret Beamon who married Thomas Brooks in January 1771 — and the fact that Edward Bristow Jr.’s second marriage to Anne Brooks occurred a day after Thomas Brooks and Margaret Beamon married suggests to me that Anne is likely a relative of Thomas Brooks. The Christ Church register shows John and Jane Beamon/Beaman having three daughters after Margaret and her oldest sisters Elizabeth and Sarah; the last three daughters are not named in the parish register, but their dates of birth are recorded: 17 December 1748, 12 June 1752, and 1 July 1754. I suspect that one of these three daughters of John and Jane Beamon/Beamon is the Mary Beamon/Beamon who married Edward Bristow Jr. on 19 March 1770.
The Christ Church register also shows us a James Bristow marrying Mary Brooks on 9 December 1770. James was the son of William and Ruth Bristow and was born 28 September 1747 according to the Christ Church register. Edward Bristow Jr., who married 1) Mary Beamon/Beamon and 2) Anne Brooks was a son of Edward Bristow Sr. and Elizabeth Daniel. Edward Bristow Sr. was a brother to William Bristow who married Ruth. These Bristows descend from a John Bristow who died in Christ Church parish on 10 October 1716, and whose wife was Michall, according to the parish register. John made his will in Middlesex County on 20 February 1716.
Bristow researchers have not reached a consensus about how the William Bristow who married Jemima Newsome Blakemore in Christ Church parish in March 1783 descends from John Bristow, but they are persuaded that William does, in fact, stem from the John Bristow who died in that parish in 1716 with wife Michall. I have also not found conclusive information in Bristow family histories about another Bristow man I find marrying a Brooks woman in Christ Church: John Bristow married Frances Brooks there on 30 January 1779.
I don’t have any proof that these Brooks women marrying Bristow men in Christ Church parish are relatives of Thomas Brooks, but want to note these marriages, since one marriage — Edward Bristow Jr.’s marriage to Anne Brooks — is recorded immediately following the marriage of Thomas Brooks to Margaret Beamon. And the fact that Edward had previously married Mary Beamon, who is, I suspect, Margaret’s sister, makes the marriage of Edward Bristow and Anne Brooks all the more noteworthy. In addition, the marriage of a sister-in-law of Thomas Blakemore of Frederick County — a neighbor and acquaintance of Thomas Brooks — Jemima Newsome Blakemore, to a member of the Bristow family of Christ Church parish makes Thomas Brooks’s marriage to Margaret Beamon in that parish in 1771 all the more interesting.
Further Frederick County Records for Thomas Brooks: German Connection with Crums, Schmidts/Smiths, Sloshers, and Hunsickers
Returning to Frederick County and records of Thomas Brooks there:
The next record I find featuring Thomas Brooks is his witness to a 26 October 1779 Frederick County deed made by Henry and Elizabeth Shlosher of Washington County, Maryland, Daniel Hunsiker of Frederick County, Virginia. The deed states that the 50 acres the Sloshers were selling to Hunsiker were out of a grant to Edmond Lindsey on 6 August 1762, which Edmond then conveyed to his son Edmond Jr., who sold the land to John Thomas, from whom the Sloshers bought it. The land was on Hollingsworth’s line.
The Hollingsworth who owned land adjacent to this Sholsher tract was Robert Hollingsworth, who married Patrick Rice’s daughter Susanna. Note the previous references to Edmond/Edmund Lindsey, who had a 19 March 1761 grant in Frederick County joining John McCormick, with Patrick Rice acting as a chain carrier when the grant was made. As we’ve also seen, a 4 August 1766 grant of land on Long Marsh to Edmond/Edmund Lindsey states that the land granted to him joined George Neville, George Rice, Patrick Rice, and others.
Also noteworthy in the October 1779 deed the Sloshers made to Daniel Hunsiker: the two other witnesses to this deed were Michael and Bartholomew Smith, brothers who had arrived in Frederick County in 1772, according to Blanche T. Hartman. Hartman states that the Smiths were Germans from the region around Stuttgart who came to America by way of Holland in 1765; they settled initially at Frederick County, Maryland, then moved to Virginia, buying land on Long Marsh from Patrick Rice’s son Edmond Rice and then from Francis McCormick. The 28 January 1801 will of Michael Smith was witnessed by his brother Bartholomew Smith and by George Blakemore, who also witnessed Bartholomew’s will.
As we’ll see when I discuss the 1787 will of Mary Brooks in more detail, when the court appointed appraisers for her estate on 4 April 1787, it appointed Bartholomew and Michael Smith and Robert Hollingsworth. Since another German immigrant, Anthony Crum, witnessed Mary’s will, I wonder about the possibility that Mary might have had roots among the German settlers who came in significant numbers to Frederick County in the second half of the 1700s. The Sloshers and Hunsikers, of the October 1779 deed witnessed by Thomas Brooks and the Schmidt/Smith brothers, were also German. The clerk of Frederick County court has carefully written the signatures of the Schmidt/Smith brothers as witnesses to this deed in German script.
As I mention the Crum and Schmidt/Smith connections to the Brooks family, it’s also worth noting that, on 26 May 1787, George Rice and wife Elizabeth Brooks Rice sold Anthony Crum 113 acres in Frederick County (Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, p. 616). The deed notes that the land had come to George by grant on 2 May 1787 and joined Patrick Rice, Anthony Crum, George Martin’s survey, and Richard Chapman. Witnesses to this deed were George Blakemore, William Smith, Thomas Brooks, and James Brooks. The James Brooks witnessing this deed — which tells us that Anthony Crum lived next to or had land next to the Rices — is Elizabeth Rice and Thomas Brooks’s brother James.
On 14 March 1789, George and Elizabeth Rice sold Bartholomew Smith 6½ acres in Frederick County, with Robert Hollingsworth,Thomas Hale, Micajah Roach, and Henry Crum witnessing. George and Elizabeth both signed this deed and it was recorded 8 April 1789 (Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, p. 960). Micajah Roach was a son-in-law of George and Elizabeth Brooks Rice: he married their oldest daughter Ruth on 4 April 1786.
The same day (14 March 1789), George and Elizabeth Rice sold Henry Crum 161¾ in Frederick County adjoining Henry’s own land, George Rice, and Anthony Crum. Witnesses to this deed were Robert Hollingsworth, Thomas Hale, Micajah Roach, and Bartholomew Smith (Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, p. 962)). George and Elizabeth were selling pieces of land at this time, following the death of Elizabeth’s mother Mary Brooks in 1787, as they made plans to move to Woodford County, Kentucky, where George Rice died August-October 1792.
It might also be noted that Bartholomew Smith was one of the appraisers appointed by Frederick County to inventory the estate of Robert Hollingsworth, husband of Patrick Rice’s daughter Susanna, when Robert’s estate was probated in Frederick County on 2 May 1808. The other appraisers were William McCormick and John Lindsey.
Thomas Brooks Gives Revolutionary Service, 1781
The next Frederick County record I find for Thomas Brooks are receipts made by the Frederick County commissioner Richard Eastin on 30 March and 27 July 1781 for 55 pounds of wheat and a mutton he donated on those two dates for the use of the troops of the Continental Army. As Frederick County court minutes for 5 June 1782 tell us, these goods were “impressed” from local citizens for public use — that is, for the use of the Revolutionary army. Court minutes for this session show Thomas Brooks registering his claim for the 55 pounds of flour he had provided the troops. The receipt for the flour and mutton Thomas gave the troops tell us he was paid for these items 1 September 1783.
The service Thomas Brooks gave to the Revolutionary cause in providing food to the Continental Army has resulted in his being listed by the DAR in that group’s list of Americans who gave patriotic service to the Revolution. Descendants of Thomas owe Susan Speake Sills of Birmingham, Alabama, thanks for providing the DAR proof of his Revolutionary service.
As I have noted previously, when John Rice made his will in Frederick County on 2 November 1782, Thomas Brooks witnessed the will along with Thomas Hale, Thomas Blakemore, and Patrick Rice. As I’ve also indicated, John was a brother-in-law of Thomas Brooks’s sister Elizabeth through her marriage to George Rice.
Thomas Brooks Appears on Personal Property Tax Lists in Frederick County, 1782-1791
From 1782 to 1791, Thomas Brooks appears on the personal property tax list in Frederick County. These tax lists begin in Frederick County records in 1782. In 1792, Thomas disappears from Frederick County tax lists, to appear the following year in 1793 on the tax list in Wythe County, confirming his move to that county in 1792-3. A digital copy of the 1793 Wythe County tax listing is at this previous posting.
I have copies of Thomas’s listing on Frederick County tax lists from 1782-1791, but won’t provide digital images of each tax list here, since they provide essentially the same information year by year — they show Thomas as the sole male aged 16+ in his household until 1788, when his oldest son James reached the age of 16, and as owner of a number of horses and cattle. Note that these tax lists are alphabetized (at least, in the case of the lists including Thomas Brooks), and unfortunately do not help us know where someone lived in relationship to someone else, other than telling us who is grouped together in what district. Here are some notes on Thomas’s listing on Frederick County personal property tax lists from 1782 to 1791:
1782: William Nobles’ list (unpaginated); Thomas is taxed for 1 person 21+, 2 horses, 11 cattle. In the same list are found Anthony Crum Sr. and Jr., Robert Hollingsworth, Francis McCormick, and George and John Rice, and Bartholomew and Michael Smith.
1783: Throckmorton’s list, p. 14; Thomas is taxed for 1 person 21+, 2 horses, 12 cattle. In the same list are found Anthony Crum Sr. and Jr., Joseph Day, whose son Joseph would marry Thomas’s daughter Margaret, George and John Rice, and Bartholomew and Michael Smith.
1784: Smith’s list, p. 12; Thomas is taxed for 1 person 21+, 3 horses, 13 cattle. In the same list are Thomas and George Blakemore, Anthony and Henry Crum, Robert Hollingsworth, George and John Rice, and Michael Smith (two entries).
1785: lists not labeled, p. 17; Thomas is taxed for 1 person 21+, 4 horses, 15 cattle. In the same (unlabeled) list are George and Thomas Blakemore, George Calmes, Henry Crum, Robert Hollingsworth, Francis McCormick Sr., and George and Hannah Rice (widow of John Rice).
1786: districts not labeled, unpaginated; Thomas is taxed for 1 person 21+, 4 horses, 13 cattle. In the same list are are George and Thomas Blakemore, George Calmes, Anthony Crum Sr. and Jr. and Henry Crum, Robert Hollingsworth, Frances McCormick Sr. and Jr., George and Hannah Rice, and Bartholomew and Michael Smith. (I’m noting the Calmes names in these tax lists, since, as we’ll see down the road, when George Rice made his will in Frederick County on 4 August 1792, Marquis Calmes was a witness to the will. The Calmes family had land adjoining the land of the McCormicks.)
1787: William Eskridge’s district, p. 3; Thomas is taxed on 15 June as a tithable 21+ with 6 horses and 17 cattle. In the same district are George Calmes, Anthony and Henry Crum, Robert Hollingsworth, Francis McCormick, George and John Rice, John Rice. Netti Schreiner-Yantis and Florene Speakman Love note that, on the same day Thomas is taxed, the Crums and Hannah Rice were also taxed, suggesting that they were neighbors of Thomas Brooks. Since the 1790 federal census for Virginia is lost, this 1787 personal property tax list functions as a kind of substitute for that census. From 1787 forward, tax districts appear to be much larger than previously, and may not be useful in estimating who lived in the general vicinity of whom, as previous lists had been.
1788: William Eskridge’s district, p. 3; Thomas is taxed on 2 May for 1 tithable 21+ and 8 horses and mules; cattle are not enumerated on this census. In the same district are Anthony Crum Sr. and Jr., Marquis Calmes, Robert Hollingsworth, George Rice and Widow Rice, and Bartholomew and Michael Smith.
1789: William Eskridge’s district, p. 3; Thomas is now taxed (6 June) for 2 white males 16+, his son James having come of age, and for 9 horses or mules. As a previous posting notes, the bible of James Brooks states that he was born in 1772, so the tax list information matches the information in James’s bible.
1790: William Eskridge’s district, p. 3; Thomas is taxed (21 July) for 2 white males 16+ and 8 horses or mules.
1791: William Eskridge’s district, p. 5; Thomas is taxed (20 July) for 2 white males 16+ and 8 horses or mules. On this tax list, for the first time Thomas’s brother James Brooks shows up on the Frederick County tax list taxed (also on 20 July) for 1 white male 16+ and 2 horses. I suspect that James, who seems not to have married (as we’ll see later, he died in August or September 1824 in Frederick County) had lived at home with his mother Mary up to her death in March 1787.
Thomas Brooks Moves His Family to Wythe County, Virginia, 1793
As stated previously, after 1791, Thomas Brooks drops from Frederick County tax lists and in 1793 shows up for the first time on the tax list in Wythe County, indicating that he moved from Frederick to Wythe in 1792. In addition to the preceding tax lists, I find two final records for Thomas in Frederick County. The first is his witness on 14 November 1788 to a bond William Ewing made to his brother John, both heirs of William Ewing Sr., for 200 acres at Stephensburg in Frederick County. Other witnesses were Samuel Ewing and Joshua Tharp. This deed was recorded 8 April 1780.
The final record I find for Thomas postdates his time in Frederick County: on 3 April 1794, county court minutes state that he filed a petition against John Casebolt in Frederick County. The court minutes provide no information regarding this petition; it’s one in a list of petitions filed that day. The initial entry on the list is a petition in a case of debt, so I think it’s likely these are all debt claims against people living in Frederick County. It would make sense for Thomas Brooks, as he moved to a new county, to try to recover any debts owed to him in Frederick County. The entry for this case in the Frederick County court order book in which it’s registered has the word “agreed” written next to it; I take that to mean that the case was settled at the time Thomas filed his petition, with no further court action.
I do not find Thomas Brooks mentioned in Frederick County records after this date, which further confirms that the Thomas in Frederick County records up to his disappearance from the county tax list by 1792 is the same man who shows up on the Wythe County tax list in 1793, and who died in the latter county in 1805.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 5, p. 158.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 11, p. 386-7.
 The loose-paper survey files for Northern Neck surveys in Frederick County are in the Library of Virginia in the collection Northern Neck Surveys, 1721-1779. Digitized copies of these papers are available at Family Search; the set of survey papers in which Patrick Rice’s survey is found is on LDS library’s US/Canada film 2027917, digitized on the Family Search site here.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 5, p. 73.
 Ibid., pp. 374-6.
 Northern Neck (Virginia) Land Grant Bk. O, p. 6.
 For further information, see “George Washington’s Professional Surveys,” at the National Archives’ Founders Online site. George Washington catalogues and describes this land survey in his Journal of My Journey Over the Mountains, ed. J.M. Toner (Albany: Munsell, 1892), p. 126.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 3, pp. 462-3. On 1 April 1765, Patrick deeded to George and Edmond Rice for ￡5 100 more acres in Long Marsh out of a patent to Patrick dated 14 April 1752 (ibid., DB 11, pp. 216-7). This deed does not state, as the 25 September 1754 deed for love and affection had done, that George and Edmond were Patrick’s sons. Patrick’s 400-acre land grant on 14 April 1752 is recorded in Northern Neck (Virginia) Grant Bk. H, p. 172.
 1850 federal census, Greenup County, Kentucky, dist. 1, p. 202 (dwelling 50, family 52). Ruth is enumerated in the household of her grandson Adolphus Lafayette Reid. Ruth’s surname is Roach on this census; she married Micajah Roach in Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 April 1786.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 6, pp. 456-7. The will was proved 4 February 1799.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 20, p. 387.
 J. Adger Stewart, Descendants of Valentine Hollingsworth, Sr. (Louisville: Morton, 1925), pp. 35-6.
 See Find a Grave memorial page for Hannah Hollingsworth Brown, Nacoochee Methodist cemetery, Sautee, White County, Georgia. The page was created by Reuben Glen Davis Sr. and is maintained by Kimmie Kitchens and Courtney Gilstrap. The page has two photos of Hannah’s tombstone by Sandy Hulsey.
 See “The McCormick Family,” at Robert Tuller’s An American Family History website, citing John McCormick’s Frederick County will dated 8 May 1768 , proven 8 February 1769. See also J.E. Norris, History of The Lower Shenandoah Valley: Counties Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson, And Clarke, etc. (Chicago: A. Warner, 1890), pp. 627-8. See also Rodney S. Collins’s nomination form for White House Farm for the National Register of Historic Places Inventory (June 1979), online at the National Park Service website’s gallery of properties on National Register of Historic Places. The house, now near Summit Point in Jefferson County, West Virginia, was built in 1742 by Dr. John McCormick, father of Francis McCormick.
 Maurice Neville Blakemore, The Blakemore Family and Allied Lines (priv. publ., 1963), p. 13.
 T.K. Cartmell, Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Winchester: Eddy, 1909), p. 105.
 Ibid. p. 25.
 Northern Neck (Virginia) Grant Bk. N, p. 89. A 2 April 1751 Northern Neck grant to John Lindsey for 750 acres in Long Marsh in Frederick County shows his tract adjoining Patrick Rice and Col. George William Fairfax (Northern Neck [Virginia] Grant Bk. G, p. 477).
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 11, p. 364-5. Thomas Blakemore sold this land to Joseph King on 19 August 1769 (Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 13, pp. 154-5). On 21 July 1767, George Neville (surname spelled Neaville here) had another of 273 acres in Frederick County on Buck Marsh, with the grant stating that he lived in Fauquier County (Northern Neck Grant Bk. K, p. 188).
 Washington, Journal of My Journey Over the Mountains, p. 15.
 Toner notes in a footnote to Washington’s 14 March 1747/8 journal entry, “By marriage George Neville was related to the Fairfax family of Virginia. His wife, Ann Burroughs, was a cousin to Lord Thomas Fairfax of ‘Greenway Court,’ the proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia” (ibid., p. 16, n. 4). Washington’s journal notes on 30 October 1750 his survey of the 400-acre grant George Neville received on 20 November 1750 (p. 129).
 Northern Neck (Virginia) Grant Bk. K, p. 177.
 Cecil O’Dell, Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia (Westminster, Maryland: Heritage, 2007), pp. 163-4, citing Northern Neck (Virginia) Grant Bk. K, pp. 176-7.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 9, p. 307.
 O’Dell, Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, p. 163, citing Orange County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 4, p. 11.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 3, p. 464.
 Blakemore, The Blakemore Family and Allied Lines, p. 2.
 See supra, n. 15.
 Alpheus H. Harlan, History and Genealogy of the Harlan Family, and Particularly of the Descendants of George and Michael Harlan, Who Settled in Chester County, Pa., 1687 (Baltimore: Lord Baltimore Press, 1914), p. 33.
 Chester County, Pennsylvania, Will Bk. C, pp. 321-2. The will was proved 11 November 1751.
 Harlan, History and Genealogy of the Harlan Family, p. 33, provides this information about the marriage of Samuel Hollingsworth and Barbara Shewin. See also John Pitts Launey, First Families of Chester County, Pennsylvania (Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books, 2000), vol. 2, p. 83.
 See The Records of Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church, Wilmington, Del., from 1697 to 1773, trans. Horace Burr (Wilmington: Historical Soc. of Delaware, 1890), p. 696; and Launey, First Families of Chester County, vol. 2, p. 83.
 Maryland Inventories Bk. 87, pp. 81-3.
 See Cartmell, Shenandoah Valley Pioneers, p. 89; and Mrs. Ben Hill Doster, The Doster Genealogy (Richmond: William Byrd Press, 1945), p. 43.
 1810 federal census, Woodford County, Kentucky, p. 383.
 See the transcribed parish register in National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, The Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, from 1653 to 1812 (Richmond: William Ellis Jones, 1897), p. 199.
 Wythe County, Virginia, Will Bk. 1, pp. 308-9. The will is dated 4 November 1804 and was proved at February court 1805 in Wythe County.
 Grayson County, Kentucky, Registry of Deaths, 1857; see also Frances Terry Ingmire, Grayson County, Kentucky, Death Records (St. Louis: Ingmire, 1984), p. 23.
 Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, p. 286.
 See Kathryn Crossley Stone and Ruth Herndon Shields, A Supplement to a Study of the Barbee Families of Chatham, Orange and Wake Counties in North Carolina Compiled by Ruth Herndon Shields, Belle Lewter West, Kathryn Crossley Stone (Boulder, Colorado: priv. publ. 1976); and Marcia McClure, “My Son Adam’s Family,” at Rootsweb.
 See Blakemore, The Blakemore Family and Allied Lines, p. 240, citing Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, pp. 166, 186.
 Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, p. 208.
 Blakemore, The Blakemore Family and Allied Lines, pp. 11-12, citing Lancaster County, Virginia, Will Bk. 13, pp. 90-1.
 Blakemore, The Blakemore Family and Allied Lines, pp. 10-11, citing Lancaster County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 23, p. 316.
 Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Virginia, p. 199.
 See M.E. Bristow, “Notes on the Bristow Family, Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine 22,2 (October 1940), pp. 110-119. M.E. Bristow’s history of the Bristow family begins in Tyler’s 22,1 (July 1940), pp. 43-50, and after the October 1940 issue, continues in 22,3 (January 1941), pp. 176-184; 22,4 (April 1941), pp. 234-242; 23,1 (July 1941), pp. 64–8; 23,2 (October 1941), pp. 118-123; 23,3 (January 1942), pp. 202-5; and 23,4 (April 1942), pp. 280-4. See also “A Chronological Account of the Bristows in Virginia” at Duane Bristow’s Web Pages. Another valuable resource for researching Virginia Bristows is Neil Allen Bristow’s “The Bristow Family From the Chesapeake to the Pacific by way of the Bluegrass, the Great Plains and the Rockies,” at his Green Wolf site. The loose-papers probate files of New Hanover County, North Carolina, contain an estate file for James Bristow that includes a will he made 6 September 1799 in that county, proved at March court 1800, naming his wife Mary and, among other children, a daughter Penny Brooks Bristow.
 See Bristow, “Notes on the Bristow Family,” Tyler’s 22,2 (October 1940), pp. 113-4.
 Ibid., p. 111.
 Middlesex County, Virginia, Will Bk. B, p. 51.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 18, pp. 331-2.
 Blanche T. Hartman, The Smiths of Virginia (priv. publ., Pittsburgh, 1929), p. 1.
 Ibid., pp. 2, 5.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 8, p. 364.
 Virginia Auditor of Public Accounts, Public Service Claims Certificates: Frederick County, Thomas Brooks, #12361 (arranged alphabetically by counties; originals at State Library of Virginia; online at Family Search site). See also see Janice L. Abercrombie and Richard Slatten, comp. and transc., Virginia Revolutionary Publick Claims, vol. 2 (Athens, Georgia: Iberian, 1992), p. 378.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 18, pp. 35-6.
 See supra, n. 4.
 The original tax lists are at Library of Virginia. Digitized copies of these tax lists are available at the Family Search site. This is my source for the digitized copies I am citing in my notes here.
 Netti Schreiner-Yantis and Florene Speakman Love, 1787 Census of Virginia, Frederick County (Springfield, Virginia: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987), p. 491.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, p. 964.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 25, p. 21.