Children of James Whitlock (abt. 1718 – 1749) and Wife Agnes Christmas: Charles Whitlock (abt. 1739 – 1814) of Louisa and Albemarle County, Virginia, and Stokes County, North Carolina

As a previous posting states, the 20 November 1757 Louisa County record of the settlement of the estate of James Whitlock, which appears to name his children in order, shows James and wife Agnes Christmas having a son Charles Whitlock who appears to have been their oldest child living at the time of James’s death.[1] The estate settlement lists James Whitlock and Agnes Christmas’s children as Charles, James, Mary, Ann, Thomas, and Nathaniel Whitlock.

As the posting linked in the preceding paragraph shows, Mary Whitlock is said to have been born on 15 April 1741. The same linked posting explains why I think her brother Thomas was born around 1745. It’s likely that Charles, as Mary’s older brother, was born about 1739 in either St. Paul’s parish in Hanover County, where records place James Whitlock’s father, also named James, throughout his adult life, or in St. Martin’s parish in Louisa County, where records definitely show the younger James, father of Charles Whitlock, from around 1740 up to his death in 1749.

Albemarle County, Virginia, Years — 1760-1778

Charles Whitlock was certainly of age and apparently already married when he purchased land in Albemarle County on 8 July 1760, a land purchase discussed in another previous posting — and I’ll discuss it again in a moment. (The first child of Charles and his wife Esther, their daughter Agnes, was born 24 February 1758, something I’ll discuss more fully when I discuss the couple’s children.) The first certain record I’ve found of Charles is his appearance in the November 1757 estate settlement of his father, which states that Charles’s inheritance was an enslaved woman named Dafney and £17 3s.[2] A digital image and discussion of this document are found in this preceding posting. The amount of money allotted to Charles in the estate settlement, which is more than that given to any other of James Whitlock’s children, reinforces the conclusion that Charles was likely the oldest child and oldest son and primary heir.

As the posting I’ve just linked also states, when Agnes Christmas Whitlock’s father Thomas Christmas made his will on 29 December 1768 in St. Martin’s parish, Hanover County, he made a bequest to the children of James Whitlock and Agnes Christmas, naming them as his grandchildren and giving their names in the same order in which they are named in James Whitlock’s 1757 estate settlement.[3] Each child of James Whitlock inherited £10. 

As a preceding posting indicates, Charles Whitlock married about 1757 a wife whose given name was Esther, but whose surname has not been found. It’s likely this marriage took place in Louisa, Hanover, or Albemarle County. By 1760, Charles and Esther were settled in Albemarle County. As the posting I’ve just linked explains, it appears to me that Agnes Christmas Whitlock had died between the date the inventory of James Whitlock’s estate compiled by Agnes and her brother John Christmas was recorded on 26 June 1750,[4] and the November 1757 settlement of James’s estate. The records I’m citing suggest to me that after both of his parents died in Louisa by November 1757, Charles Whitlock married around the time of the division of his father’s estate and then settled in Albemarle County. And, as the posting linked at the head of this paragraph also states, it appears to me that when Charles and wife Esther settled in Albemarle, Charles took his younger unmarried siblings to that county with him and raised them. 

Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia; Giving Some Account of What It Was by Nature, of What It Was Made by Man, and of Some of the Men Who Made It (Charlottesville: Michie, 1901), pp. 324-5

On 8 July 1760, Charles bought from John Grills, both of St. Anne’s parish, Albemarle County, for £20 319 acres on branches of Moore’s Creek in St. Anne’s parish, Albemarle.[5] The deed states that the land bordered land owned by John Burrows and David Lewis. As the posting linked in the preceding paragraph states — it has a digital image of the deed — this deed was witnessed by Joel Terrill, Henry Carter, and John Francisco. The linked posting notes that Joel Terrell (this is the usual spelling of the surname) was closely associated with Charles Lynch, who in turn links to Charles Whitlock’s brother Thomas Whitlock from the time Thomas first appears in the records of Montgomery County, Virginia. Charles Lynch married Anne Terrell, Joel Terrell’s aunt, and lived in Bedford County, where Thomas Whitlock first settled after he left Louisa-Albemarle counties to move south. See also another previous posting discussing the significance of Henry Carter, another witness to this deed, who moved to Montgomery County by 1782, where Thomas Whitlock settled on Little Reed Island Creek in what was later Wythe County. David Lewis, who had land bordering the land Charles Whitlock bought in Albemarle County in July 1760, was also related to the Terrell family by marriage, having married as his first wife another aunt of Joel Terrell.

The July 1760 deed of John Grills to Charles Whitlock has a receipt appended to it stating that John Christmas paid £27 for the land John Grills deeded to Charles Whitlock. It’s signed by John Grills and witnessed by Joel Terrell. The receipt is dated 8 July 1759, the day the deed was made but a year earlier than the deed. I think that if the 8 July 1760 date stated in the deed is correct, then the 1759 date on this receipt is a mistake and that this receipt should have been dated 8 July 1760. But since the deed was recorded 12 June 1760, it’s possible John Grills sold this land to Charles Whitlock on 8 July 1759 and not 8 July 1760. This would place Charles in Albemarle County at least a year earlier than July 1760.

John Christmas was Charles Whitlock’s uncle, a brother of Agnes Christmas Whitlock. There’s no indication in the deed as to why John Christmas paid John Grills for this land. As we’ll see in a moment, Charles and wife Esther sold these 319 acres on 12 March 1778 as they left Albemarle County, Virginia, for Surry County, North Carolina, and that sale deed makes clear that they held title to the land. The deed for this March 1778 land sale also makes clear that Charles and Esther lived on this land up to the time they left for North Carolina. 

John Christmas moved from Hanover County, Virginia, to what’s now Warren County, North Carolina, in 1757.[6] As M.H.D. Kerr notes,[7]

John [Christmas] acquired about ten thousand acres of land in Orange County, moved there in 1777, and died there six years later, having lived to see his five oldest sons serve as officers during the Revolutionary War.

A 3 October 1751 land grant to John Christmas for 440 acres in (I think) Brunswick County, Virginia, states that John was at this time residing in Hanover County.[8]

On 11 September 1761 in Albemarle County, Charles Whitlock witnessed a deed by Thomas Evins Sr. to Benjamin Dod Wheeler, both of St. Anne’s parish in Albemarle, of 400 acres on both sides of the south fork of Moore’s Creek in Albemarle.[9] In addition to Charles, John Langford and Micajah Wheeler witnessed this deed.[10]

As noted above, Charles Whitlock was named as a grandson of Thomas Christmas in Thomas’s 29 December 1768 Hanover County will, which left a legacy of £10 to each of the children of James Whitlock and Agnes Christmas, naming them as Thomas Christmas’s grandchildren.[11]

A 25 August 1772 deed of Thomas Morrow and wife Rebecca to Nathaniel Harlow, all of St. Anne’s parish in Albemarle, states that the 100 acres in Albemarle that the Morrows were selling lay on the lines of Henry Tilley, Robert Logan, Charles Whitlock, and John Spencer.[12] Note the name Henry Tilley: as we’ll see in a moment, when Charles Whitlock had a survey for 640 acres in Surry (later Stokes) County, North Carolina, on 4 May 1779, Henry Tilley/Tilly was one of the chain carriers for the survey, and land records in Stokes County show that he lived next to Charles Whitlock in northeastern Stokes County. The Tilley/Tilly family was intermarried with both a Graves family connected to the Christmases by the marriage of Charles Whitlock’s uncle John Christmas to Mary Graves, and to the Wheeler family mentioned previously. Branches of all these families moved to North Carolina from Albemarle, Hanover, and Louisa Counties, Virginia.

On a day in October 1775 that’s left blank in the deed, Robert Logan and and Bethiah his wife of Albemarle County sold Thomas Randolph, whose residence is not specified, land at the head of Ivy Creek in Albemarle that lay on the lines of Charles Whitlock, Robert Gentry, and West Langford.[13]

Dissenters in Albemarle & Amherst: Petition,” in the Legislative Petitions Digital Collection, Library of Virginia

On 1 November 1776, Charles Whitlock signed the so-called “Ten Thousand Names Petition” to the Virginia legislature, a petition of dissenters from the Church of England, largely Baptists but also Presbyterians, in various counties who were asking for religious freedom.[14] Charles Whitlock signed as one of the dissenters living in Albemarle County. Other Albemarle County men whose families had ties to Charles’s family signing the petition included Charles Lewis and Alexander Mackey. The petition notes that the Revolution had thrown off the yoke of imperial government, but those who did not support the established church, the Church of England, were still required to give this church financial support, and this was an injustice to many who had just supported the revolution with its appeal for all to be treated equally and justly.

In a manuscript that was sent to Peter Whitlock, head of the outstanding Whitlock Family One-Name Study, by Janet Gauthier, I think, it’s stated that Charles’s signature to the preceding petition probably indicates he was a Baptist.[15] That could well be, though I have no solid proof to back up that conclusion. When Charles’s grandfather James Whitlock, who was a vestryman of St. Paul’s Episcopal parish in Hanover County, made his will in that county on 21 March 1733/4, he bequeathed to his son James, father of Charles, only £5 of goods in a store, a bible, and a book entitled The Whole Duty of Man, an Anglican book of devotion popular in the colonies.[16] The punitive bequest to James, who was likely James elder’s oldest son, while the other children of the elder James got land and other valuable property, suggests to me that perhaps James younger had displeased his father in an explicitly religious way, probably by becoming a dissenter (Baptist, Quaker, Presbyterian) from the Anglican establishment. 

As a previous posting notes, on 12 March 1778 Charles Whitlock and wife Esther sold the 319-acre tract he had acquired from John Grills in 1769 (or 1759?) to William Gooch.[17] Charles and Esther sold the tract for £160, both signing and with the deed giving her name as Easter, but the signature showing her as Esther. Witnesses were David Allary, Mark Leak, and Phillip Gooch. On 19 March, Charles and Esther relinquished possession of the land and its tenements to William Gooch, with Charles signing with the same witnesses, and Charles acknowledged receipt of the full £160. Charles proved the deed at March court in Albemarle. The details about relinquishing the land and its tenements to William Gooch indicate that Charles and Esther were selling their homeplace in Albemarle and moving away. A digital copy of this deed is at the posting just linked at the head of this paragraph.

Surry County, North Carolina, Years — 1778-1789

On 31 July 1778, Charles entered 640 acres in Surry County on the Hog Ponds on Snow Creek west of improvements made by Palatiah Shelton.[18] The Whitlocks had moved between March and July to North Carolina. On 4 May 1779, Joseph Lewis surveyed the tract, with James Duncan and Henry Tilly as chain carriers. The survey plat and land description show the land lying on the south fork of Snow Creek in what’s now the northeast corner of Stokes County. The 640 acres were granted to Charles on 3 April 1780. 

North Carolina Land Grant File 160, Charles Whitlock, Surry County, North Carolina, grant #159; are available digitally at the website of North Carolina Land Grants Images and Data
Rand, McNally & Co.’s New Business Atlas Map of North Carolina (Chicago: Rand, McNally, 1911), at the Historic North Carolina maps page of University of Alabama website

William S. Powell’s North Carolina gazetteer states that Snow Creek rises in northern Stokes County and flows southeast into the Dan River.[19] As the 1911 Rand McNally map of Stokes County shown above indicates, Snow Creek runs southeast from near to the North Carolina-Virginia state line down through the northeast corner of Stokes County to join the Dan at Redshoals. Stokes is bordered to the north by Patrick County, Virginia, the county in which the Hammons family lived, a family into which one of the daughters of Thomas Whitlock, Charles’s brother, married.  

The James Duncan (abt. 1755 – aft. 1840) who was a chain carrier for the survey of Charles Whitlock’s 640 acres in Surry County in May 1779 was a son of Marshall Duncan, who left a will in Surry dated 26 August 1776 naming James and other children.[20] James married Avarilla Shelton about 1774 in Surry County, and the couple later moved to Adair County, Kentucky, and then Sangamon County, Illinois, where James died in Salisbury township after 1840.[21]

Revolutionary pay voucher to Charles Whitlock, Salisbury, North Carolina, Revolutionary claims office — see North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers at FamilySearch

On 23 November 1781, the board of auditors for Revolutionary claims at Salisbury, North Carolina, issued Charles Whitlock a voucher for 14s 4d for some unspecified service performed on behalf of the Revolution. On the back of the voucher is written a statement that it was presented on 30 September 1780 (? the years are not easy to read on the voucher) and “since rejected.[22] The Daughters of the American Revolution have accepted descendants of Charles Whitlock as DAR members, noting that Charles took the oath of allegiance to the new government as he made his 1778 land claim in Surry County, and that he was impaneled as a juror in Surry County on 16 August 1782.[23]

Surry Court, North Carolina, Common Court Minute Bk. 1779-1783, p. 57

A 23 March 1782 deed of William Gooch and Lucy his wife of Albemarle County, Virginia, to Phillip Gooch of Amherst County for 290 acres on Moore’s Creek in Albemarle says that the land William and Lucy were selling bordered land formerly belonging to Charles Whitlock.[24] The land being referenced in this deed would, I think, be the 319 acres Charles and Esther Whitlock sold William Gooch in March 1778.

Surry County, North Carolina, Tax Lists 1782, unpaginated, available digitally at FamilySearch

In 1782, Charles Whitlock was taxed in Captain Hickman’s district of Surry County for two horses, fourteen cows, and 640 acres on Snow Creek.[25] Charles also appears on the 1784-7 North Carolina state census in Surry County, with one male aged 21-60, four males under 21 or over 60, and three females.[26]

Stokes County, North Carolina Years — 1789-1814

In 1789, Stokes County was formed from Surry, and after this time, Charles appears in Stokes records. Some early Stokes records are missing, so there may be some gaps in the documentation for him in Stokes County.

From 1790 forward, Charles appears on the tax list in Stokes County. I have not researched the original tax lists, which are available in digital form at the FamilySearch site for the period 1790 to 1814, when Charles died. I am relying on Iris Moseley Harvey’s 8-volume abstract of Stokes County tax lists for the period 1790-1797.[27] In 1790, Charles Whitlock was taxed in Captain Beasley’s district of Stokes County for 440 acres and one poll. On the same list and in the same district is found Charles’s son James Whitlock, who is taxed for 200 acres and one poll. James is said to have been born 22 November 1762, and it appears Charles had, by 1790, divided his 640-acre tract on Snow Creek with his son James, who, as Charles will indicates (it will be discussed below), predeceased his father. 

Charles Whitlock is enumerated on the 1790 federal census in Salisbury district of Stokes County, listed with four males aged over 16 and three females.[28] Charles’s son James Whitlock is enumerated on the same page.

The 1791 Stokes County tax listing for Charles shows him again in Captain Beasley’s district with 400 acres and one poll, but Charles’s son James does not appear on this tax list as he did in 1790, with 240 acres. He is absent from the tax list altogether. Charles’s son Thomas Whitlock, however, is listed on the tax roll in 1791 in Captain Beasley’s district with no land and one poll. 

In 1792, Charles Whitlock again appears in Captain Beasley’s district in Stokes County on the tax list, taxed for 400 acres and one poll. Listed next to Charles is his son Thomas with one poll. Found nearby is Charles’s son James with 200 acres and one poll. The 1793 tax list replicates the information of the 1792 tax list. 

A 4 March 1793 Stokes County deed of John Shelton to James Duncan of same, both of Stokes County, for 100 acres on the south fork of Snow Creek, states that the land Shelton was selling Duncan joined Charles Whitlock’s line and was out of a survey of 300 acres made for the said John Shelton Sr.[29] Note that Charles’s 31 July 1778 land entry in Surry (later Stokes) County states that his 640 acres lay on Snow Creek west of improvements made by Palatiah Shelton. And when the land was surveyed on 4 May 1779, James Duncan was one of the chain carriers, with the land description stating that the land was on the south fork of Snow Creek. As noted previously, James Duncan married Avarilla Shelton, a member of the Stokes County Shelton family. Charles Whitlock’s son William also married a Shelton, Rosanna or Roseanna Shelton.

The 1794 Stokes County tax list again has Charles in Captain Beasley’s district, again taxed for 400 acres and one poll. His son James is nearby and also taxed again for 200 acres and one poll. Charles’s Thomas is gone from this tax list, and may by this time have gone to Wythe County, Virginia, where he lived with his uncle Thomas Whitlock for several years during this period of time.

In 1795, Charles and James Whitlock continue to be on the tax list in Captain Beasley’s district in Stokes County, taxed for the same items as in the previous year, though Charles now is also taxed for one enslaved person. Charles’s son Thomas remains absent from this tax list. 

On 8 February 1795, Charles Whitlock, along with and Henry Tilley, witnessed a deed by Lazarus Tilley to Stephen Ferguson for 154 acres in Stokes County on Little Snow Creek.[30] Because the names Lazarus and Henry replicate in the Tilley family of Stokes County, it’s not simple to separate one man with these given names from another. But I think this Henry is likely the same Henry Tilley who was a chain carrier when Charles’s 640 acres on Snow Creek were surveyed on 4 May 1779. He also may be the same Henry Tilley who lived next to Charles Whitlock when Thomas Morrow and wife Rebecca deeded land in Albemarle County on 25 August 1772 to Nathaniel Harlow (see above on this deed) — but it’s also possible the Henry Tilley of that Albemarle County deed may be an older Henry who died testate in Stokes County by February 1790 with a Surry County will dated 13 September 1789, which names a son Lazarus.[31]

The younger Henry Tilley filed a Revolutionary pension claim on 29 April 1833 in Stokes County stating that he was aged 79 or 80 and was born in Albemarle County, Virginia.[32] The pension file has an affidavit by Edmund Tilley, who is named as a son of the older Henry in his 1789 will as that Henry’s son, so the Revolutionary pension documents prove that the younger Henry, who is not mentioned in the older Henry’s will, was a son of Henry Sr. The Henry who died in 1790 is said to have been a son of Lazarus Tilley. The Lazarus Tilley whose February 1795 Stokes County deed Charles Whitlock and Henry Tilley witnessed was the Lazarus named in the September 1789 will of Henry Tilley, and thus a brother of the Henry Tilley witnessing this deed.

In 1796, Charles Whitlock was again taxed in Stokes County in Captain Beasley’s district, this time identified as Charles Sr. and taxed for 240 acres with one white and one black poll. Charles’s son Charles Whitlock Jr., who was born 28 April 1774, had come of age by 1796 and appears on this tax list in Captain Beasley’s district taxed for 300 acres and one white poll. 

A 20 October 1796 Stokes County land entry by John Nelson states that the land he was entering on the waters of Snow Creek bordered land he already held and the entry of Charles Whitlock.[33] On 2 January 1797, a land entry made by Jacob Nelson on waters of Snow Creek in Stokes County also says that the land being entered bordered his own land and Charles Whitlock’s.[34]

The 1797 Stokes County tax list once again places Charles Whitlock (no Sr. or Jr. designation is used here, according to Iris Moseley Harvey’s abstracts) in Captain Beasley’s district, though Charles now is taxed for no land. His son William Whitlock is taxed in the same district with 100 acres and one poll.

Charles Whitlock’s family is enumerated on the 1800 federal census in Salisbury district of Stokes County.[35] Charles’s household contains one male 16-25, one male over 45, one female under 10, one female 26-44, and one female over 45, with three enslaved persons. Charles’s son William is listed next to him and his son Charles on the same page.

On 15 January 1800 in Stokes County, Charles Whitlock sold to Isaac Bullin, also of Stokes County, for £40 100 acres out of Charles’s 640-acre survey on Snow Creek (Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 3, p. 403). Charles signed with James Cloud and Charles’s son John Whitlock witnessing the deed, and Cloud proved the deed at court in March 1801.

On 2 February 1801, John Shelton of Fayette County, Kentucky, deeded to James Duncan of Stokes County, North Carolina, 300 acres on Snow Creek, with the deed stating that the land Shelton was selling lay on the lines of Henry Tilley and Charles Whitlock.[36] The deed was witnessed by Rice Duncan and Curtis Shelton and proven in court by Rice Duncan.

On 8 September 1801, Jesse Watkins of Stokes County sold Charles Whitlock of the same for£60 60 acres on Little Buck Island Creek in Stokes, out of a grant to Charles Elliott 3 November 1784 (Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 4, p. 129).

On 15 December 1803, the state of North Carolina issued letters patent to Charles Whitlock’s son Charles Jr. for a grant of 75 acres on wateers of Buck Island Creek adjoiining his father’s land and William Nelson and Charles Elliott’s old line (ibid., pp. 528-9).

On 1 June 1804, Charles sold to Moses Lawson, both of Stokes County, for £60 175 acres on Snow Creek in Stokes County out of Charles’s grant of 640 acres (ibid., p. 382). Charles signed with John and Nancy Whitlock witnessing. John Whitlock proved the deed at March court 1804. The land bordered Henry Watkins. Jesse signed with Henry Watkins and David Simmonds witnessing, and Henry Watkins proved the deed at June court 1802.

On 10 November 1804, Charles Whitlock sold Henry Watkins, both of Stokes County, for £100 105 acres on waters of Buck Island Creek adjoining Charles himself and also Charles Sr. (so I think the Charles selling this land is perhaps Charles Jr., though the deed does not use that designation) (Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 5, p. 13). The land adjoined also Martin and Perkins. Charles signed, with William and Charles Whitlock witnessing. John [sic] Whitlock proved the deed at December court.

On 8 December 1804, James Duncan of Adair County, Kentucky, sold George Prudy 300 acres on Snow Creek in Stokes County.[37] This deed, too, states that the land being sold joined Henry Tilley and Charles Whitlock, crossing Snow Creek. 

Stokes County, North Carolina, Will Bk. 2, pp. 153-4

Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 5, p. 473

On 27 December 1810 in Stokes County, Charles Whitlock sold to his son John for $200 an enslaved girl named Peggy, aged eight (Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 5, p. 473). Charles signed with witnesses John (I cannot make out the surname) and Thomas Purdy. John proved the sale at court in June 1813.

On 24 March 1811 in Stokes County, Charles Whitlock made his will.[38] The will reads as follows (a digital image of the original will is at the head of this posting): 

In the name of God amen

I Charles Whitlock Snr of the County of Stokes and State of north Carolina being now in perfect health and of Sound mind and memory but calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make ordain and appoint this my last will and testament and manner and form as follows

First I will that my beloved wife Esther Shall be maintained by my son John Whitlock out of my estate during her natural life time also I give her one bed to dispose of at her death as she pleases of I give to my son John Whitlock two hundred and forty acres of land lying on snow creek in said county the same on which I now live also one negro boy named London together with all my Stock and plantation utenseals and household furniture and property of all kind provided also that the Said John Whitlock Shall pay as follows Vizt to the heirs of my son James Whitlock desd five pounds to my son William Whitlock five pounds to my son Thomas Whitlock five pounds to my son Alexander Whitlock five pounds to my son Charles Whitlock five pounds to my daughter Agne∫s Dodson five pounds to my daughter Mary Pruett five pounds

Thirdly and lastly I do by these presents constitute ordain and appoint my sons Thomas Whitlock and John Whitlock Executors to this my last will and testament in witne∫s hereof I have Set my hand and affixed my seal this 24th March in the year of our lord one thousand eight hundred and eleven 

                                                                                                            Charles Whitlock

Signd sealed and acknowleded in presents of us

Charles Beazley Jurat

John Carr

Edmd Beazley Jurat

Charles and Edmond Beazley proved the will at June court 1814 in Stokes County. I have found no other estate papers and no probate file or documents. 

Unless I’m mistaken, Charles and Edmond Beazley were sons of James Beazley, who died testate in Orange County, Virginia, before 24 October 1803, with a will dated 12 December 1798, which named among other children sons Charles and Edmond.[39] This Beazley family was intermarried with the Dodson family into which Charles Whitlock’s daughter Agnes married. The Captain Beasley in whose district the Whitlock family was consistently taxed in Stokes County during Charles Whitlock’s years there was, according to John D. Beatty, Charles Beazley (bef. 1755 – 1819), who held large tracts of land on Snow Creek.[40] Beatty thinks Charles may have been an undocumented son of an older Charles Beasley, who was an uncle of James Beazley, father of the Charles and Edmond Beazley who witnessed Charles Whitlock’s will.

As the will of Charles Whitlock indicates, his wife Esther was still living on 24 March 1811. I have no record of her after her mention in this will, and have found no record showing where Charles and wife Esther are buried. In the next posting, I’ll share my information on their children.

[1] Louisa County, Virginia, Inventory Bk. 1743-1790, pp. 39-40.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Though the will was made in Hanover County, Virginia, it was recorded in Bute County, North Carolina. Bute was divided in 1779 into Franklin and Warren Counties (Bute then ceasing to exist), and the will ended up in Warren County, North Carolina, Will Bk. A, pp. 105-9. The will would also likely have been filed in Hanover County, but that county’s records almost all burned in 1865, and if the will was of record in that county, it’s now lost in Hanover records.

[4] Louisa County, Virginia, Inventory Book 1743-1790, p. 16.

[5] Albemarle County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 2, pp. 265-7. On John Grills, who after 1745 acquired 2,000 acres of land in Albemarle County, part of it on Moore’s Creek where he had a mill, see Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia; Giving Some Account of What It Was by Nature, of What It Was Made by Man, and of Some of the Men Who Made It (Charlottesville: Michie, 1901), p. 52.

[6] See M.H.D. Kerr, “Christmas, William,” at the NCPedia website. 

[7] Ibid.

[8] See Marian D. Chiarito, Entry Record Book 1737-1770, in Virginia Counties of Halifax, Pittsylvania, etc. (Nathalie, Virginia: Clarkton, 1984], p. 108.

[9] Albemarle County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 3, pp. 120-1.

[10] On Benjamin and Micajah Wheeler, who were brothers, and Benjamin Dod Wheeler, who may have been Benjamin’s son, see Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, pp. 342-3. Woods notes that these Wheelers lived on Moore’s Creek.

[11] See supra, n. 3.

[12] Albemarle County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 6, pp. 174-6.

[13] Ibid., pp. 463-5.

[14] See Jean Pickett Hall, “The Ten Thousand Name Petition,” Magazine of Virginia Genealogy 35,2 (spring 1997), pp. 99-114, which transcribes and discusses this document. See also “Dissenters in Albemarle & Amherst: Petition,” in the Legislative Petitions Digital Collection, Library of Virginia, with a link to read the original document in digitized form; and “Petition of the 10,000 for Religious Freedom” at Library of Virginia’s website, a summary of the document and its significance for educators with a transcription  of it.

[15] See “Family of Charles & Esther Whitlock (M1760’s) of Albemarle Co., Va & Stokes Co., N.C. from J. Gauthier,” document X0737 in the Miscellaneous Records Index at the Whitlock Family One-Name Study website. The document also at the same website in a downloadable pdf file entitled “Report on Charles Whitlock of Va & N.C.” It’s not clear to me whether this document was compiled by Janet Gauthier or by someone else. Herbert Turner once had a copy of this manuscript at his Rootsweb site Christmas Families Home Pagebut I’m not sure if he is the author of this manuscript.

[16] This will is transcribed in Genealogies of Virginia Families from Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, vol. 4 (Baltimore: Geneal. Publ. Co., 1981), pp. 463-5.  This source states that the will was discovered by W.S. Morton of Farmville, Virginia, on 19 March 1934. Since Hanover’s early records were burned, I’m concluding that W.S. Morton discovered an original will that somehow survived the burning of county records. If so, I do not know where that original document is now on file.

[17] Albemarle County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 7, pp. 151-3,

[18] North Carolina Land Grant File 160, Charles Whitlock, Surry County, North Carolina, grant #159; North Carolina Land Patent Bk. 35, pp. 424-5. Both documents are available digitally at the website of North Carolina Land Grants Images and Data.

[19] William S. Powell, The North Carolina Gazetteer (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968), p. 461.

[20] Surry County, North Carolina, Will Bk. 1, pp. 73-4.

[21] See Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson, “Some Duncan Families of Eastern Tennessee Before 1800 – Section I, Continued” at Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson Genealogy Blog; and Portrait and Biographical Album of Sangamon County, Illinois (Chicago: Chapman, 1891), pp. 459-460.

[22] See North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers at FamilySearch.

[23] Surry Court, North Carolina, Common Court Minute Bk. 1779-1783, p. 57.

[24] Albemarle County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 8, pp. 16-7.

[25] Surry County, North Carolina, Tax Lists 1782, unpaginated, available digitally at FamilySearch.

[26] North Carolina State Census, 1784-7, Surry County, p. 147.

[27] Iris Moseley Harvey, comp., Stokes County, North Carolina, Tax List, 8 vol. (Mount Airy, North Carolina: Agnes M. Wells, 1999).

[28] 1790 federal census, Stokes County, North Carolina, Salisbury district, p. 179.

[29] Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 1, p. 334.

[30] Ibid., Deed Bk. 2, p. 261. This will uses the Tilly speling of the surname.

[31] Surry County, North Carolina, Will Bk. 2, pp. 1-2.

[32] NARA, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, RG 15, Revolutionary pension file of Henry Tilley, Stokes County, North Carolina, S7731, available digitally at Fold3

[33] Stokes County, North Carolina, Entry Bk. 1790-98, p. 162, #617.

[34] Ibid., p. 167, #637.

[35] 1800 federal census, Stokes County, North Carolina, Salisbury district, p. 585.

[36] Stokes County, North Carolina, Deed Bk. 4, p. 12.

[37] Ibid., p. 481.

[38] The original will is on file with the North Carolina Archives; see also Stokes County, North Carolina, Will Bk. 2, pp. 153-4.

[39] See John D. Beatty, Some Beasley Families of the Colonial South: A Preliminary Study of Certain Families with the Surname of Beasley-Beazley-Beezley-Beesley in Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina, from the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Fort Wayne, Indiana; 2014), pp. 30-34.

[40] Ibid., pp. 49-50.

One thought on “Children of James Whitlock (abt. 1718 – 1749) and Wife Agnes Christmas: Charles Whitlock (abt. 1739 – 1814) of Louisa and Albemarle County, Virginia, and Stokes County, North Carolina

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