In my view, as George Rice received this grant, he was launching his adult life, claiming land to add to his share of the 300 acres his father had given him and his brother Edmund on 25 September 1754. That land, too, joined other land Patrick Rice owned. With the March 1763 grant, George Rice was, in my view, setting himself up as an adult on his own land next to his father, inaugurating his adult life, and preparing to marry Elizabeth Brooks after his period of military service in the French and Indian War, which would open the door to more land grants down the road.
George followed the March 1763 Northern Neck grant by obtaining a warrant the following month on 9 April 1763 for another 669 acres in Frederick County. This tract was surveyed on 25 April 1764 by Thomas Rutherford with George’s brothers Edmund and John Rice as chain carriers and George Rice and Edmund Lindsey as markers. The survey shows this land lying on the Opequon at the head of Long Marsh Creek, and again joining George’s father Patrick Rice, along with Edmund Lindsey, George Martin, Richard Chapman, Joseph (also called John in the plat map) Warford, Lodowick Fry, and Joseph Reeder. George Rice did not obtain this tract of land until 10 May 1787.
On 4 May 1763, I find George serving as a juror in Frederick County in the suit of George Mason of the Ohio Company v. Thomas Caton. The jury found in favor of Mason.
If I’m correct in concluding that George Rice served during the French and Indian War in the 1764 Ohio expedition of Colonel Henry Bouquet and not in 1766 as his 8 March 1780 Frederick County affidavit about this service states, then George Rice was likely among the Virginia troops who joined Bouquet in Ohio in the fall of 1764, as discussed in the posting I have just linked. George’s March 1780 affidavit states that he served as captain of a brigade of packhorsemen in Bouquet’s “westward expedition,” a rank he would also have when he later served in the Revolution under Colonel Daniel Morgan in 1776-8.
Those serving as captains in the French and Indian War were eligible (down the road) to claim 3,000 acres from the state of Virginia for their service. After he made his affidavit in Frederick County court in March 1780, on 4 April 1780, George Rice received a warrant for 2,000 acres for this military service. I have not found a land grant matching this warrant, and do not know if George sold it to someone else or claimed this land. As we’ll see, Virginia bounty land files for Revolutionary soldiers will also show him claiming land for his Revolutionary service.
As a previous posting notes, on 1 April 1765, George Rice’s father Patrick again deeded land to his sons George and Edmund — in this case, the other 100 acres on Long Marsh from his 14 April 1752 Northern Neck grant that Patrick hade not deeded to his sons when he gave them 300 acres from this 400-acre grant on 25 September 1754. Patrick sold the 100 acres to his sons for￡5.
As the posting linked in the preceding paragraph also indicates, George Rice likely married Elizabeth, daughter of Mary Brooks, around 1767, since the couple’s first child Ruth was born in 1769, according to the 1850 federal census. The same posting also states that the first certain record I’ve found of Elizabeth’s family in Frederick County, Virginia, is a 2-3 March 1767 deed made by Patrick Rice to his son John for 385 acres in Frederick joining land owned by Lord Fairfax and George Martin.
This deed was witnessed by Elizabeth Brooks’s brother Thomas, along with Edmund Rice, Robert Hollingsworth, Andrew McCormack/McCormick, and Thomas Blackmore. Thomas Brooks’s witness to the deed tells us that by this date, the Brooks and Rice families were definitely connected, and that the Brooks family likely lived in the Long Marsh area of Frederick County near the Rices.
As I’ve noted previously, a number of documents tell us that the Rice family was in Frederick County before 1750, when Patrick Rice had a survey at the head of Long Marsh Creek on 20 October 1750. Thomas Kemp Cartmell states that Patrick Rice was among early landholders in Frederick County with surveys in the Long Marsh part of the county by the late 1740s and early 1750s. Patrick Rice was definitely in Frederick County by 7 May 1746, when the county court issued an order to him and Lewis Neill to lay off and mark a road to the hapel at Cunningham’s. In the same year on 4 November, Frederick county court minutes state that the court had ordered Lewis Neill and Patrick Rice to report on marking a road from Opequon Creek past James Cunningham’s place to the chapel.
As my last posting indicates, sometime between 27 December 1770 and 7 February 1771, George Rice began to serve on the vestry of Frederick parish. The posting I’ve just linked contains a digital image of the page in the Frederick vestry minutes that first shows George as a vestryman on 7 February 1771. The fact that, as a young married man who had been a captain in the French and Indian Wars, George Rice now held the socially responsible and prestigious position of a vestryman indicates that, having come of age, begun amassing land, and married, he was now establishing himself as a respected member of the local community.
A 2 April 1771 deed dividing the glebe land of the parishes of Frederick in Frederick County and Cameron in Loudoun County notes that George Rice is a churchwarden of Frederick Parish. This deed shows George as a signatory to the land division.
On 1 June 1773, George’s brother Edmund (with wife Ruth) deeded 202 acres at the head of Long Marsh to Michael and Bartholomew Smith. The deed states that this land was from a grant to Patrick Rice dated 14 April 1752, out of which he had transferred land to his sons George and Edmund. George Rice witnessed this deed along with John Neville, Edmund Lindsey, John Skelding, and Daniel Hunsicker. Edmund’s wife Ruth relinquished her dower rights to the land on 8 June. On Bartholomew and Michael Smith, who were among the appraisers of the estate of Elizabeth Brooks Rice’s mother Mary Brooks in 1787, see this preceding posting.
On 27 September 1773, George Rice (with wife Elizabeth) then sold more land to Michael and Bartholomew Smith — 150 acres out of the 300 acres granted to George Rice by Lord Fairfax on 7 March 1763. George signed this deed with no witnesses, and it was recorded 3 November 1764, with Elizabeth relinquishing her dower right on the same day.
Frederick County court minutes for 8 September 1774 show George Rice producing a commission to be made a lieutenant of the local militia, and taking oath on the same day to assume this position. At the same court, Mordecai Redd and George Williams also produced commissions and were appointed militia lieutenants.
The diary of Englishman Nicholas Cresswell, who journeyed from Virginia to Ohio in 1775, contains fascinating information. As Cresswell prepared for his journey, he visited one Edward Snickers between Alexandria and Winchester, and Snickers recommended George Rice to him as a guide. A friend of Cresswell, William Gibbs, confirmed the choice, indicating that Rice was “an honest man and a Good hunter.”
This was on 3 April 1775. Cresswell then went to Winchester, met Rice, and George Rice agreed to guide him west as far as Illinois for the price of 500 acres of land. The two then left Winchester for Illinois on 5 April 1775. But by May, when the two had reached Fort Pitt at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers, the two had a falling out, apparently over their conflicting political views (Cresswell was violently opposed to the American Revolution, and George Rice was poised to fight on its behalf), and their conflict came to a head on 27 May, when Cresswell, who had a suspicious nature according to many accounts, decided Rice intended to take him no further than Kentucky, and Rice threatened violence as Cresswell goaded and insulted him. This ended their relationship, and Cresswell never reached Illinois. Cresswell notes in his journal that Reorge Rice had a brother-in-law at Fort Pitt, Zachariah Connell (1741-1813), whom they visited. Connell married George’s sister Rebecca Rice (1741-1805). Immediately after he returned to Virginia from this expedition, George entered Revolutionary service.
As my previous posting indicated, extensive documentation of George Rice’s Revolutionary service is found in both his service papers held by the National Archives and in his Revolutionary bounty land claims files held by the Library of Virginia. From these sets of valuable documents, we learn that George Rice began his Revolutionary service in June or July 1775 as a lieutenant under Captain John Neville and First Lieutenant Andrew Waggoner, after which he became a captain in the 11th Virginia regiment under Colonel Daniel Morgan on 10 March 1777.
On 30 September 1778 at the reorganization and reduction of Virginia continental troops at White Plains, New York, under General William Woodford, George was retired from his service as a captain. He then served for a period of time as quartermaster of troops at the Albemarle Barracks near Charlottesville, continuing that service into the early 1780s. As my last posting states, the references in George’s service packet to his being sick and on furlough through much of 1778 suggest to me that he may have been retired for that reason as Virginia troops were reorganized. That posting notes that a 15 December 1778 statement by General Woodford included in the Washington Papers states that George Rice had been a brave and valuable officer who retired due to his being old and infirm, a statement I take to mean that his health was not robust at the time of his retirement. He was not, in fact, old in 1778. (The posting I’ve just linked has a digital image of Woodford’s statement from George Rice’s Revolutionary bounty land claims file.)
In addition to Woodford’s description of George Rice as a brave and valuable officer, an affidavit given in 1807 by Andrew Waggoner found in George’s bounty land claim files states that he “ever behaved as a[n] excellent & valuable officer.” (See above for a digital image of Waggoner’s statement). The Congressional report regarding the unsuccessful bounty land claimed filed by George’s heirs in 1841 also includes a 23 May 1833 affidavit by George Blackmore characterizing George Rice as a brave and meritorious officer. Note that the March 1767 deed of Patrick Rice to his son John discussed above was witnessed by Thomas Blackmore, inter alia, and that Edmund Rice’s June 1773 deed to Michael and Bartholomew Smith was witnessed by John Neville, inter alia. This is the same John Neville under whom George began his Revolutionary service in 1775. On the Neville and Blackmore families and their many connections to the Rices and Brooks in Frederick County, see this preceding posting.
A 4 April 1781 letter of George Rice to Thomas Jefferson confirms the information found in George’s bounty land claims files that he was serving as quartermaster at the Albemarle Barracks in the early 1780s. George wrote Jefferson, who was governor of Virginia, on that date asking that Jefferson release money to enable the quartermaster’s department at Albemarle Barracks to pay its debts. The letter enclosed a petition from those living in the vicinity of the Barracks supporting Rice’s request. On 6 April, the Virginia Council issued a warrant to George Rice for £400,000 to pay the debts of the quartermaster’s office.
Then on 4 January 1782, Robert Breckinridge wrote from Cumberland courthouse to Major George Rice, Assistant Deputy Quartermaster at Albemarle Barracks. Breckinridge wrote to tell George Rice that he was returning a horse and saddle that belonged to the army.
In the 1780s, George Rice began acquiring more land both as Revolutionary bounty land grants issued to him for his own service or as other Revolutionary soldiers assigned their bounty land certificates to him. Susan Grabek’s outstanding website tracking the Lindseys of Long Marsh in Frederick County, who belong to group 2 in the International Lindsay One-Name DNA Study overseen by Joseph Lindsey, provides a digital image of a Revolutionary bounty land certificate issued to Hezekiah Lindsey of Frederick County on 23 June 1783, which Hezekiah assigned to George Rice.
Hezekiah Lindsey assigned the certificate to George Rice 30 May 1784. Susan Grabek provides a digital image of Lindsey’s note assigning this bounty land to Rice. As she indicates at her website linked above, Hezekiah Lindsey was born about 1747 and resided in Frederick County, Virginia, until he moved to Kentucky and then to Ohio. As she notes, Hezekiah’s bounty land claim file contains an undated certificate written by George Rice verifying Hezekiah’s service as a Revolutionary soldier.
Susan Grabek also notes that the 100 acres that had been issued as bounty land to Hezekiah Lindsey were surveyed posthumously in George Rice’s name on 6 September 1798. The Virginia Land Office’s Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky states that this land was in Ohio. The survey does not show a specific location in that state. The survey shows George Rice’s son-in-law Micajah Roach acting as chain carrier along with Thomas Adams, with John Bell as marker and Daniel Ashby as surveyor. The grant for the land was issued 24 April 1799.
According to Josephine Lindsay Bass and Becky Bonner at their My Southern Family website, “George was granted thousands of acres of land in the new lands in Kentucky for his military service in the Rev. War. Some of his land holdings were purchased of Harvie, Taylor, and Thornton. included lands on the Little Sandy River where it emptied into the Ohio.” Bass and Bonner note, in particular, that early Greenup County, Kentucky, court documents and deed books have many records dealing with the Kentucky land George Rice bequeathed in his will. I have not tracked George Rice’s Kentucky and Ohio landholdings in any systematic way, and would recommend further research in those records to anyone using this posting to gather information about George Rice and his family.
On 17 June 1783, George Rice received a warrant from the Virginia Land Office for 4,000 acres for his Revolutionary service as a captain. The warrant notes that the George was being rewarded for three years’ service as a captain in the Virginia line. The Virginia Land Office, Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky states that this land was in Ohio. At some point prior to his death, it appears George assigned half of this grant to Richard C. Anderson and Mayo Carrington, who were issued a grant for it on 14 December 1801, with the document stating that this grant was out of Virginia bounty land warrant #856 issued to George Rice for three years’ service as a captain. The grant states that the 2,000 acres surveyed on 3 March 1794 for Anderson and Carrington were on the waters of the Little Miami River between the Little Miami and Scioto northwest of the Ohio River. The original grant document, which has Thomas Jefferson’s signature, has survived and was sold by the Raab Collection of Ardmore, Pennsylvania, in the recent past, which has uploaded a digital image to its website. A digital image of this document, pointing to the Raab Collection as its source, is at the head of this posting.
Virginia Revolutionary bounty land warrant files also have a warrant issued to George Rice on 1 August 1783, stating that he was a corporal of the Virginia line for three years and should be awarded a corporal’s portion of bounty land. Benjamin Harrison signed this warrant. I have found no documents showing that he was issued additional land due to this warrant, and it’s the only document I’ve found giving him the rank of corporal and not captain, other tha a notice in his bounty land claims file stating that he was issued a voucher in 1783 for service as a corporal.
George Rice’s rejected bounty land claims file contains an undated letter written by his grandson John McCormick to the governor of Virginia as George’s heirs filed for additional bounty land in 1841. This document (the original of which is in the Washington Papers) states that George had been awarded 4,000 acres for his service as a captain in the Virginia line, but thought he was owed more bounty land. This claim, which his heirs advanced on behalf of his estate in 1841, was rejected.
On 1 May 1784, as the assignee of Michael Klore, George Rice received 277 acres in Albemarle County on the south branches of Rock Island Creek. The grant document does not indicate whether this was bounty land that had been granted to Klore.
On 26 June 1786, as the assignee of Mayo Cartwright, George Rice received a grant from the state of Virginia of 1,500 acres in the district set apart for officers and soldiers of the continental line. The grant states that this land had been given to Cartwright by bounty land certificate 24 on 29 November 1782. The land was surveyed 10 February 1785 and lay on Spice Run and Camp Creek, waters of Highland Creek. The Virginia Land Office’s Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky states that this land was in Kentucky, and was part of a tract of 3,000 acres there of 4,000 acres that Mayo Carrington had been awarded.
On 5 July 1786, George Rice was granted another 1,500 acres in the district set apart for continental line officers and soldiers. The land had come to John Archer by military warrant 42 on 14 December 1782 and was surveyed 10 February 1785. His attorney Richard Archer assigned the warrant to George Rice. It was on Casey’s Creek on the waters of Highland Creek. The Virginia Land Office’s Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky has a blank slot for warrant 42, so I cannot determine from that source whether this land was in Kentucky or Ohio.
On 19 December 1786, George Rice was granted another 1,600 acres as an assignee of a Virginia soldier. The grant states that the land came to George Rice by “Sundry Military Warrants”: George was assignee of John P. Anderson, who was himself assignee of Robert Anderson, who was heir of David Anderson, deceased. The land had been surveyed 12 May 1785 and was on the waters of the north fork of the Tradewater. The Tradewater River is a tributary of the Ohio River running through western Kentucky.
As noted above, on 10 May 1787, George Rice was granted the 669 acres in Frederick County for which he had obtained a warrant on 9 April 1763. As also noted previously, this tract was a Northern Neck grant on the Opequon at the head of Long Marsh Creek.
On 26 May 1787, George and wife Elizabeth sold Anthony Crum 113 acres from this 669-acre grant. The deed notes that the land joined Patrick Rice, Anthony Crum, George Martin’s survey, and Richard Chapman. Witnesses to this deed were George Blakemore, William Smith, and Elizabeth’s brothers Thomas and James Brooks. I discussed this deed in a previous posting noting that Anthony Crum witnessed the will of Mary Brooks, mother of these Brooks siblings.
On 21 March 1788, George Rice received another grant as an assignee of a Revolutionary soldier — in this case, Thomas Parsons, who had a military warrant for the land (#1018) on 3 June 1783. The land, which was surveyed 17 November 1784, was 100 acres in the military bounty land district on Highland Creek. This land was in Ohio, according to the Virginia Land Office’s Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky.
As noted in a previous posting, on 14 March 1789, George and Elizabeth Rice made two deeds, first selling Robert Hollingsworth 179 acres in Frederick County with Thomas Hale, Micajah Roach, Henry Crum, and Bartholomew Smith witnessing, then selling Bartholomew Smith 6½ acres with Robert Hollingsworth, Thomas Hale, Micajah Roach, and Henry Crum witnessing. Once again: Micajah Roach was a son-in-law George and Elizabeth’s son-in-law, husband of their daughter Ruth. As a previous posting shows, Robert Hollingsworth was George Rice’s brother-in-law, husband of George’s sister Susanna. He was a second cousin of Jacob Hollingsworth, who married Elizabeth Brooks Rice’s sister Mary.
On the same day (i.e., 14 March 1789), George and Elizabeth Rice sold Henry Crum 161¾ acres in Frederick County adjoining Henry’s own land, George Rice, and Anthony Crum. Witnesses to this deed were Robert Hollingsworth, Thomas Hale, Micajah Roach, and Bartholomew Smith. As I noted previously in discussing this deed, it seems to me that George and Elizabeth were selling pieces of their Frederick County land at this time as they made plans to move to Woodford County, Kentucky, following the death of Elizabeth’s mother Mary Brooks in 1787.
On 14 October 1790, George Rice patented 400 acres in Buckingham County, Virginia, by virtue of a treasury warrant (#12,083) issued by the Virginia Land Office on 25 May 1782. The land, which was surveyed 17 March 1787, was on the south side of Howard’s Run and was contiguous to land held by Thomas Acker, James Hundley, Peter Roy, Winfrey, and Joel Drake.
On 11 December 1790, George Rice (along with Edmund, John, and James Rice) received a grant of 1,333¾ acres in the Virginia military district. The bounty land had been issued in two warrants, #10,003 on 21 June 1783 and #2,609 on 24 February 1784, and was assigned to the Rices by Andrew Waggoner, who was assignee of Richard Archer, attorney for John Scott. The land was surveyed 20 January 1785, and was on Highland Creek. The Virginia Land Office’s Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky shows that it was in Ohio.
For information about George Rice’s listing on Frederick County tax lists from 1782 to 1788, see this previous posting. It notes the proximity of George Rice to the Brooks family and other families closely connected with the Brooks and Rices, including the Hollingsworths, McCormicks, Blakemores/Blackmores, Calmes, Crums, and Smiths. When combined with other documents such as his and Elizabeth’s sale of Frederick County land in 1787-9, the fact that George Rice drops from the Frederick County tax list after 1788 suggests to me that the family moved to Kentucky in or just after 1788-9, with George dying there in 1792.
In my next posting, I’ll share the information I have about George Rice’s will and the settlement and disbursal of his estate.
 Northern Neck (Virginia) Grant Bk. M, p. 139.
 Northern Neck (Virginia) Survey Bk. 1, pp. 52-3.
 Northern Neck (Virginia) Grant Bk. S, pp. 221-3.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 11, p. 92.
 Ibid., Bk. 17, p. 275.
 In addition to George Rice’s Revolutionary service papers and Revolutionary land-claim papers that will be discussed below, also see T.K. Cartmell, Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia, from Its Formation in 1739 to 1908(Winchester: Eddy, 1909), pp. 89-90.
 See “Virginia Land Bounty Certificates for Service in the French and Indian Wars” at the Virginia Genealogy website. This source notes that the original warrants or certificates for these grants are found in two manuscript volumes held by the Virginia Land Office.
 Virginia Land Office, Virginia Land Bounty Certificates, French and Indian War, certificate #899, available digitally at the Family Search website (this link points to the two manuscript volumes discussed in n. 7, supra).
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 10, pp. 216-7.
 1850 federal census, Greenup County, Kentucky, dist. 1, p. 202 (dwelling 50, family 52). Ruth is enumerated in the household of her grandson Adolphus Lafayette Reid. Ruth’s surname is Roach on this census; she married Micajah Roach in Frederick County, Virginia, on 4 April 1786.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 11, p. 386-7.
 Cartmell, Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants, p. 105.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. B 2, pp. 88, 193.
 Frederick Parish Vestry Minute Bk. 1764-1812, p. 42.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 15, pp. 18-9.
 Ibid., Deed Bk. 16, pp. 309-313.
 Ibid., pp. 279-282.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 16, p. 369.
 My information about Cresswell’s diary and what it says about George Rice is from George B. Curtis III and Harold B. Gill Jr., “A Man Apart: Nicholas Cresswell’s American Odyssey, 1774–1777,” Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 96,2 (June 2000), pp. 181-185. See also Nicholas Cresswell, The Journal of Nicholas Cresswell (New York: Dial Press, 1924), available online at the Library of Congress website.
 Revolutionary service file of George Rice, NARA, Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War, Compiled 1894 – ca. 1912, Documenting the Period 1775 – 1784, RG 93 M881, online at Fold 3; and Library of Virginia, Revolutionary War bounty warrants, files of George Rice, and Revolutionary War rejected claims files, files of George Rice, online in digitized form at Library of Virginia website.
 See 22 September 1806 affidavit of Simon Morgan, 19 November 1807 affidavit of James Wood, and 21 October 1807 affidavit of Andrew Waggoner in George Rice’s bounty warrant files cited in n. 20, supra. See also U.S. Congress report on 1841 claim of heirs of George Rice, U.S. Congress, Reports of Committees, 16th Congress, 1st Session – 49th Congress, 1st Session, vol. 2, report 398 (Washington, D.C., 1842).
 On this affidavit, see supra, n. 20. The month in 1807 on which Waggoner gave the affidavit is illegible to me.
 See supra, n. 21, on this Congressional report.
 The letter is in the William Gwathmey Manly Virginia Letters held by the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library of the University of Virginia: see “A Guide to the Revolutionary War Collections in the Special Collections Department” at the library’s website.
 Virginia Land Office, Virginia Land Bounty Certificates, French and Indian War, certificate #1028.
 Virginia Land Office, Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky, #1028.
 Virginia Land Office, Military Warrant #856.
 Virginia Land Office, Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky, #856.
 Virginia Land Office Grant Bk. L, 1784, p. 551.
 Ibid., Bk. Y, 1786, p. 532-3.
 Virginia Land Office, Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky, #24.
 Virginia Land Office Grant Bk. L, 1786, pp. 669-671.
 Ibid., Bk. 6, 1786, pp. 647-8.
 See Ila Earle Fowler, “Revolutionary Soldiers and Their Land Grants in the Tradewater River Country of Western Kentucky, Register of Kentucky State Historical Society 33,103 (April, 1935), p. 162, noting that George Rice received land in this area for three years’ service as a captain. Fowler also indicates that Mayo Carrington and Andrew Waggoner had bounty land in this region.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, pp. 616-7.
 Virginia Land Office Grant Bk. 15, 1787-1788, p. 639.
 Virginia Land Office, Register of Military Certificates Located in Ohio and Kentucky, #1018.
 Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, p. 958-962.
 Ibid., pp. 962-4.
 Virginia Land Office Grant Bk. 22, 1789-1791, pp. 528-9. See also Virginia Land Office, Warrant Bk. 3, #12,083.
 Virginia Land Office Grant Bk 22, pp. 660-1.