The 1900 federal census, the last on which Jennie appears, shows her as a widow with step-daughter Margie Prout in the household, along with Margie’s children Wade and Kathleen. Also living with Jennie is her nephew Dennis Theodore Fulton, son of Charles W. Fulton and Josie Barnes, Jennie’s sister. Dennis had been in the household in 1880, too, his mother having died the year before when he was an infant. The 1900 census states that Sarah Jane Fulton had had five children of whom three were living. Those three children would appear to be her son Dennis Edward Lindsey and her step-daughters Margie and Jimmie Fulton — who were not children she herself bore, of course. Clayton states unambiguously that Dennis Edward was her only child by Dennis Edward Lindsey Sr. I have no information about any children she may have borne to William B. Fulton who had died prior to 1900.
Dennis Edward Lindsey’s Date and Place of Birth
A number of sources state that Dennis Edward Lindsey was born 4 June 1862. These include his death certificate (he died 9 April 1935 at Wickett in Ward County, Texas), which states this date of birth and also that he was born in Tupelo, Mississippi. The informant was his daughter Jennie Lindsey Newton, who reported that her father was the son of D.E. Lindsey and Jennie Barnes.
The 4 June 1862 birthdate, the Tupelo birthplace, and the same parents’ names are also given in Robert Stephens’s biography of Dennis Edward Lindsey in Texas Ranger Sketches, which does not cite a source for these pieces of information, but may well be relying on the death certificate. (The previous posting has digital images of the Stephens biography.) Steven W. Hooper’s biography of Dennis Edward Lindsey in Handbook of Texas has the same date and place of birth, noting that Dennis Edward’s parents were Dennis James Lindsey and Sarah Jane Barnes. The article has sources appended to it, but it’s not clear to me which, if any, of these might be the source for these biographical details.
Dennis Edward himself states that he was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, in an oath of service he provided on 3 July 1925 in Brewster County, Texas, as he enlisted as a captain in Company B of the Ranger Force of Texas. In this document he states his age (62 years and one month) and that he lives in Marathon, Texas, and is in the U.S. Customs Service. He also notes that he was born in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi.
But Lee County had not yet been formed when Dennis Edward Lindsey was born. Lee was formed in 1866 from Itawamba and Pontotoc Counties, and Tupelo was known at this point as Gum Pond, with the town of Tupelo being chartered in 1870. We know from a 25 June 1859 legal contract I cited in the last posting that Dennis Edward Lindsey Sr. was living at Mooreville with his brother John Wesley Lindsey on that date, and that, after he married Sarah Jane Barnes, whose family lived just outside Mooreville, he and wife Jennie were enumerated on the federal census in 1860 in John’s household at Mooreville, with Dennis being listed as a merchant, as his brother John also was.
If the family moved to Tupelo following that date, I have not yet found a record of that move, though we know that by 1870, after Jennie had remarried to William B. Fulton, she and son Dennis Edward were living in Tupelo with her second husband — and Tupelo is where Dennis Edward was raised and lived up to the time he left home in 1880. Mooreville is some seven miles east of Tupelo and is now part of the Tupelo metropolitan statistical area.
It’s worth noting, too, that Dennis Edward’s father enlisted in the 41st Mississippi Infantry (CSA) on 13 February 1862, five months before his son’s birth, and both Dennis Lindsey’s brother John and Jennie Barnes Lindsey’s parents were living at or near Mooreville when Dennis Edward Jr. was born. It seems likely she would have been living close to those near relatives and relying on them for assistance while her husband was away in service, rather than having gone to another community for her son’s birth. None of which means I think one should doubt the word of Dennis Edward Lindsey about where he was born, but to suggest that the picture might be slightly more complicated than the statement that he was born in Tupelo (where he was certainly raised) implies ….
The Move to East Texas
Regarding Dennis Edward’s life from 1870, when he is enumerated as a boy in his stepfather’s household in Tupelo, up to the point that he first enlisted in the Texas Rangers on 15 February 1887, there are few documents to provide concrete information. This is a point noted by Robert Stephens, who informs us that Dennis Edward left home in 1880, his mother having remarried, and then:
Traveling alone by horseback, he first went to East Texas, where he had relatives, and opened a crossroads store. Lindsey’s activities during the next few years cannot now be traced, but apparently he grew tired of the routine of life there since on February 15, 1887, he enlisted in Captain Frank Jones’ Company D in Edwards County.
But remember the 1 May 1877 letter of Dennis Edward’s aunt Sarah Lindsey Speake in Oakville, Alabama, to her sister Margaret Lindsey Hunter in Coushatta, Louisiana, discussed in the last posting, in which Sarah tells Margaret that B. Dennis was eager to go to Texas, though he was only 18, and he wanted to take Billy with him?
Dennis Edward Lindsey was not yet 18 in 1877, but he did turn 18 in 1880, and would then have been free as an adult to carry out his plans to go to Texas — plans it seems he was making as early as 1877 — and join his relatives there. In 1873, his first cousin Benjamin Dennis Lindsey, son of Mark Jefferson Lindsey, had left his family in Red River Parish, Louisiana, to go to Texas, where he first spent time living with the family of his uncle Thomas Madison Lindsey in McLennan County, then went “up the trail” on a cattle drive the following year, following in the footsteps of his uncle Tom’s son Dennis Adam Lindsey. The experience was so arduous that this cured Benjamin Dennis of the desire to do cowboy work, so he returned to McLennan County and farmed (evidently for his uncle Tom) until 1880, when he lit out for west Texas to join the Texas Rangers.
It’s not hard to imagine that Benjamin Dennis’s cousin Dennis Edward had gotten wind of his cousin’s adventures in Texas and decided to join him there as soon as he was of age to do so — hence his leaving home in 1880 and joining relatives in east Texas, where he operated a store for some years, according to Stephens. Those relatives were, it seems clear to me, his uncle Thomas Madison Lindsey and Tom’s family, and Dennis Edward went to McLennan County intending initially to carry on his father’s mercantile career, and then decided to join his cousin Benjamin Dennis in west Texas as a Texas Ranger. He joined the same company in which his cousin was serving, in fact.
Stephens doesn’t tell us where he gets the biographical detail that Dennis Edward went to Texas alone by horseback from Tupelo to east Texas. His aunt Sarah’s letter in 1877 had spoken of his wanting to take Billy with him. I think this is possibly William Oscar Lindsey, son of Dennis Edward’s uncle John Wesley Lindsey, who had actually already gone to Texas by August 1876. After he married Mary Elizabeth Tatum on 30 May 1861 in Itawamba County, Mississippi, and that marriage was dissolved by divorce in January 1875, William married the widow M.J. Masham in Freestone County, Texas, two counties east of McLennan, in August 1876. By 1880, he was in St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, living as a single man and working as a saddler.
If William was moving about between 1875, when he had left his wife and daughter and was with his parents in Tate County, Mississippi, and 1880, when he shows up in Louisiana, it’s possible his aunt Sarah back in Alabama would not have known precisely where he was in May 1877 when she wrote Margaret, saying that Dennis wanted to take Billy with him to Texas.
At some point between 1880, when she is listed in her step-mother’s household in Tupelo, and 4 October 1893, when she married James Larkin Lee in Fannin County, Texas, Dennis Edward’s step-sister Jimmie Ethel Fulton also came to Texas. She and James L. Lee then lived in Texas and Oklahoma to the end of their lives.
Dennis Edward Joins the Texas Rangers
Steven Hooper also recounts the story of Dennis Edward traveling alone by horseback from Mississippi to east Texas to live with relatives. Then he skips from that point in Dennis Edward’s life to February 1887, when he joined the Texas Rangers’s First Frontier Battalion, Company D, noting that Dennis Edward served in this unit throughout south and southwest Texas and that his cousin, Benjamin Dennis Lindsey, was a member of this same Ranger company. Robert Stephens adds several more details: Dennis Edward enlisted in Company D, Captain Frank Jones’s company, on 15 February 1887 in Edwards County, and served in that unit until he was discharged on 31 May 1888 in Duval County.
A set of receipts for his pay from 28 February 1887 up to his discharge on 31 May 1888 confirm that Dennis Edward was serving in Captain Jones’s company, and was paid up to the May 1888 date. These documents contain D.E. Lindsey’s signature as he received payments over that period. Pay receipts to Benjamin Dennis Lindsey and his discharge papers dated 30 April 1887 confirm that he, too, was in Company D of the Frontier Battalion of the Texas Rangers, serving as 1st sergeant of the company at the time of his discharge. In their books Glamorous Days in Old San Antonio and Lone Star Justice, Frank H. Bushick and Robert Utley also indicate that Benjamin Dennis Lindsey served as a sergeant of this company.
The fact that Dennis Edward seems to have been making plans by May 1877 to move to Texas, that he seems to have settled initially with the family of his uncle Thomas, and that he then joined the same Texas Rangers unit his cousin Benjamin Dennis had joined in 1880 after moving to Texas in 1873 and initially living with his uncle Thomas: these pieces of information suggest to me that Dennis Edward was in close contact with his cousin prior to making his move to Texas, and was following in Benjamin Dennis’s footsteps. The close connection of the two cousins is suggested in their back-to-back biographies in Stephens’s Texas Rangers Sketches.
Settling at Lindsey City (Boquillas) and Launching Mercantile Enterprise There
Having gotten Dennis Edward into the Texas Rangers in February 1887 and then out of the Rangers in May 1888, Stephens tells us that Lindsey, who had a “desire for adventure,” was chief guard for a bullion train at Fronteriza mines in Mexico in 1891, and that he spoke in his later life about having won a saloon in a poker game at Eagle Pass and then having sold it to go into Mexico. (Again, it would be interesting to know from what source Stephens received such detailed information about Dennis Edward’s life.) Clarence Wharton’s biography of Dennis Edward’s cousin Benjamin Dennis Lindsey in Texas Under Many Flags tells us that, after his discharge from the Rangers in 1887, he spent a year at Uvalde and then opened a merchandising business at Eagle Pass, where he became chief clerk of the U.S. customs department in 1894.
The Fronteriza mines were silver mines in the northeastern part of the Mexican state of Coahuila, Mexico, near Sierra Mojada. This is some 125 miles south of the Big Bend area of the Rio Grande where Dennis Edward would settle by 1894, when he established a trading post on the Mexican border at Boquillas. There was evidently a smelting operation at Boquillas at this time, with the ore from the silver mines being hauled to Boquillas for refining, and with Dennis Edward guarding the bullion train as the ore was brought to Boquillas.
Stephens’s mention of Dennis Edward’s “desire for adventure” is noteworthy, since his biography of Benjamin Dennis Lindsey opens by informing us that Benjamin Dennis was “adventure seeking,” and this trait led to his decision to leave his home in Louisiana as a young man of 17, and head for Texas.
According to AnneJo Wedin, Dennis Edward Lindsey founded the community of Boquillas on the Texas side of the Rio Grande in 1894. Wedin says that mining interests in southern Brewster County, Texas, and across the border in Mexico in the early 1890s were responsible for the economic growth of Marathon, a town in Brewster County in which Dennis Edward would settle with his family a few years after he started his business ventures in Boquillas.
Wedin writes that at Boquillas, Dennis Edward Lindsey owned a store near the end of the cable line where the ore storage yards on the Mexican side of the river were located. The store did a thriving business until the mines were temporarily closed down in 1900. It was at this point that Dennis Edward moved his family to Marathon, where he raised his children following his wife’s death.
According to Carlysle Raht, while he was running a bullion train in Mexico, Dennis Edward Lindsey had seen an opportunity for a store on the Texas side of the Rio Grande, across from the Mexican Boquillas, which was also connected to the Del Carmen mine. After he purchased goods for the new store in San Antonio and then began hauling them from Marathon to the location on the river where he intended to locate the store, he could not reach the place due to the impassable roads and cliffs. But:
Accustomed to hardships, he was not in the least daunted by this impediment. Throwing off his clothes, he swam the river, entering Boquillas, Mexico, with only a blanket about him. There he obtained burros to transport his commodities to the selected site.
Virginia Madison and Hallie Stilwell offer further details about Dennis Edward Lindsey’s period at Boquillas. They state that Boquillas (“little mouths,” in Spanish) is a name shared by small settlements on both the Texas and the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. As they indicate, a beautiful, narrow canyon in the river at this point has the same name.
Madison and Stilwell also note that Dennis Edward Lindsey brought in a wagonload of supplies from San Antonio to stock the trading post he had established at Boquillas in 1894. A village soon grew around the store and Dennis Edward Lindsey took a business partner, Charlie Hess of Marathon. Initially, “the partnership of the two young bachelors was a happy and successful one.” Then the following happened:
The handsome, young border merchant [Dennis Edward Lindsey] … was naturally included on the guest lists for the social activities in the Big Bend. During a big baille some distance into the interior of Mexico, Lindsey was attracted by one of the most beautiful Mexican girls he had ever seen. When love strikes in the Big Bend, it strikes like lightning; so it was that after the first glance at the beautiful girl, Mr. Lindsey knew that either he was looking at the future Mrs. Lindsey or he would be a bachelor for life. To prevent such a state of affairs, he sent a note to her father asking permission to marry the lovely girl. The request was granted and in no time at all the beautiful Mrs. Lindsey was at home in Boquillas, Texas.
The confirmed bachelor, Charlie Hess, Lindsey’s partner in the mercantile business, thought a woman around the place was a fine kettle of fish so he gracefully withdrew. The Lindseys stayed on for a time and then moved to San Antonio to bring up their family.
Though Benjamin Dennis Lindsey eventually settled at San Antonio with his family, I have not found other sources indicating that Dennis Edward lived there at any point — but he did send his children there to be educated after their mother died.
Stephens’s biography also speaks of Dennis Edward Lindsey’s marriage to Conchita Jiminez, whom he met “at a dance in the interior of Mexico.” The couple married sometime after 13 December 1898, when Dennis Edward wrote a note to Juanita Concepción (Conchita is a nickname) Jiminez proposing marriage to her, which his descendants have preserved and a digital image of which Patricia Therrien has shared at her “Patricia Therrien Family Tree” at Ancestry along with a photograph of Conchita (see below for the photograph).
Reports in the El Paso Herald as Dennis Edward set up operations in Boquillas confirm his business interests there. On 20 January 1897, this paper states that the Boquillas correspondent of the Eagle Pass Guide was indicating that Boquillas would boom for a while, with its wagon road now completed and Caples & Ross filling ore hauling contracts. In addition, D.E. Lindsey and Tom Peak had contracts for buildings for the Kansas City Smelting Company on the Texas side of the river, and were rushing their business ventures through.
On 8 February, El Paso Herald reported that the Boquillas correspondent for the Eagle Pass Guide had written that D.E. Lindsey had obtained from the Mexican government a concession for passing all timber and arranged for the delivery of a considerable amount of it at the mines. Teams had arrived in Boquillas from Marathon with lumber and building materials.
Steven Hooper’s account of the Boquillas period of Dennis Edward’s life notes that after he left the Texas Rangers, he settled in an isolated area on the Texas-Mexican border in what is now Big Bend National Park. He then developed a small irrigated farm near the river at what would become known as Lindsey City in Brewster County, Texas, establishing a store there to supply miners working in Mexican mines across the river. Lindsey City later became known as Boquillas after the settlement on the other side of the Rio Grande. In 1894, he received an appointment as U.S. Customs inspector at Boquillas, with a charge to inspect ore shipments from the Del Carmen mines in Mexico.
Hooper says that by 1896 the area’s economy was booming and people were moving to the settlements on both sides of the river. Ed Lindsey then established a post office in his store and became Boquillas’s first postmaster. When the mines in Mexico began to close in 1899 and triggered a decline in the local economy, he began to look for other business opportunities.
According to Clifford B. Casey, in 1899, the commissioners of Brewster County requested that Dennis Edward Lindsey, customs inspector at Boquillas, contact the Kansas City Smelting Company to see what the company could do to maintain the road from Marathon to Boquillas. Casey indicates that Lindsey was the “first permanent and bona fide resident of the area” of Boquillas of whom there is a definite record. By 1894, he had established his store to serve people both sides of the river.
In addition to serving as a merchant and customs inspector, he also was mail carrier for both Boquillas communities. He would pick up mail when he went to Marathon for supplies, and did not ask for compensation for this service. In June 1896, he applied for the creation of a Special Office at Boquillas. In doing so, he stated that the population on the Mexican side was about 1000, and about 300 on the Texas side. The application was approved on 30 December 1896, naming Dennis Edward Lindsey as postmaster.
Prior to this, he had operated an ore mule train from the Del Carmen Mine to the small smelter near Boquillas, Mexico, and had developed a small irrigated farm on the Texas side to supply food for the mining community of both towns. This proved so profitable that he opened his store, carrying merchandise by rail from El Paso or San Antonio.
These supplies arrived in Marathon, and he proposed to transport them to Boquillas by freight wagon. At the time, though, there was no wagon road in the area, so he had to hire men to go ahead of the freight wagons and clear a way. A few miles outside Boquillas were impassable cliffs. Dennis Edward Lindsey hired men and burros to pack the merchandise over the cliffs to the store. Soon, the store, which had begun in a small adobe shack with packing boxes for the counters, had proper shelving, display cases, and counters.
By 1899, it became apparent that the ore was running out, and in 1900, the smelter was closed. This caused the demise of the Lindsey store, and at this point, Dennis Edward Lindsey began to prospect for quicksilver in the Mariscal Mountains.
Dennis Edward Lindsey’s Mining Ventures
Martin Donnell Kohout’s article on Boquillas in Handbook of Texas contains similar information, and concludes by noting, “In 1900 Lindsey sold his store and moved to Lajitas. Shortly thereafter the rancher Martín Solís, who had been leasing land in the area since 1893, bought his own land and opened a store to replace Lindsey’s.”
According to Ronnie C. Tyler, the site that became known as Mariscal Mine was discovered in 1900 by Martín Solís, but the site was not effectively mined until Dennis Edward Lindsey filed a claim on it and began operation of what he called the Lindsey Mine. He transported quicksilver ore mined from the area via pack mules to the Chisos Mining Company for refining, and eventually sold or ceded the operation to T.P. Barry and Isaac Singer (i.e., Sanger), who in turn sold to W.K. Ellis in 1916. Clifford Casey indicates that by 1904-5, Dennis Edward Lindsey’s mine at Mariscal was producing 30-80 flasks of refined ore, and that after World War I, W.K. Ellis acquired control of the mine. Robert Stephens also notes that, in addition to owning a mining operation from 1900-1906, Dennis Edward Lindsey owned a farm of 1,200 acres near Ft. Hancock during the same period.
In an article entitled, “Lindsey City, Texas,” at the Texas Escapes website, Mike Cox provides an entertaining account of the growth and eventual withering away of Lindsey City, with its store catering to miners on both sides of the Rio Grande, a withering away that Cox attributes not to the demise of mining in the area but to Dennis Edward Lindsey’s marriage to Juanita Concepción Jiminez over the objections of his business partner Hess, so that, in Cox’s estimation, the a town was “arguably killed by love.”
The move of Dennis Edward and his family to Lajitas, Texas, that Martin Donnell Kohout places in 1900 actually took place after Lindsey relinquished ownership of his mine in 1905, according to Steven Hooper. According to Hooper, in November 1905, Lindsey lost his claim to ownership of the mine and transferred mineral rights to the Texas Almaden Mining Company, and then sold his remaining claims the following year and moved to Lajitas, where he continued his work as a customs agent. Stephens notes that his work with U.S. Customs continued from 1899 to 1914. Hooper also states that after Dennis Edward moved to Lajitas, he continued working as a customs agent, and then by 1910, moved his family to Marathon, where he worked as a bartender and farmer.
The 1900 federal census shows Dennis Edward Lindsey and his family in precinct 4 of Brewster County, Texas. The census lists D.E. Lindsey as born in June 1862 in Mississippi, with a father born in Alabama and a mother in Mississippi. His occupation is customs inspector, and he owns his house. His wife Juanita was born in May 1878 in Mexico. The couple had been married two years and Juanita had borne one child, who was living. This is Dennis Edward and Conchita’s daughter Jennie, who was born in December 1899 and is listed in their household in 1900. Living next to the Lindseys on this census is the family of Martín Solís.
According to Robert Stephens, Conchita died in childbirth “a few years” after the couple married, but the 1910 federal census shows “Concha” Lindsey still living when this census was taken on 29 April that year. This census shows the family living at Marathon Town, though that place name is crossed out on the census header. The census lists Dennis Edward as Edward E. Lindsey, 48, born in Mississippi, with parents born in Mississippi, a bartender in a saloon. Wife Concha is 32, born in Mexico of Mexican parents, and had become a U.S. citizen in 1899. The couple had been married 11 years, with Concha bearing 5 children, all alive in 1910. The children are all listed in the household: Jennie, 10, Lillian, 9, Ida, 6, Daisy, 3, and Edward, 2, all born in Texas.
The U.S. Register of Civil, Military, and Naval Service shows Dennis E. Lindsey in 1903 as an inspector in U.S. Customs Service in Presidio County who had been appointed in Brewster County. A 1 December 1908, court record in Presidio County shows him qualifying as a Presidio County attorney at a special session of the Commissioners Court on that date. I have not seen the original record, and wonder if this is a registration of Dennis Edward as someone given power of attorney by someone else in a transaction occurring in Presidio County.
Precisely when Dennis Edward’s wife Conchita died is not clear. In a 29 August 2018 email to me, Rose McDermond, a daughter of Dennis Edward and Conchita’s daughter Ida Lindsey McDermond, tells me that Conchita “died at or near the Villalba Ranch near Terlingua, Texas, in 1910 or 1911, supposedly of childbirth.” If Conchita died in 1910 of childbirth, then her death would have occurred as she gave birth to their son Ivey Joseph Lindsey, who was born 23 June 1910, unless he was followed by another child who perhaps died at birth the following year. I have not found a place of burial for Conchita. Terlingua is in Brewster County about 50 miles west of Boquillas and 100 miles south of Marathon.
Rose McDermond tells me in the same email that after his wife died, Dennis Edward sent his children to St. Mary’s Hall, a boarding school in San Antonio connected to the Episcopal church. After leaving the Texas Rangers in 1887, Dennis Edward’s cousin Benjamin Dennis Lindsey operated the Tariff Saloons in Eagle Pass and Uvalde for a year with W.W. Collier as his business partner, and then on 8 November 1888, married Mary Ellen Mitchell in San Antonio and became a banker there and sheriff of Bexar County. Mary Ellen was an Episcopalian, and Benjamin Dennis, who had been raised Methodist as his cousin Dennis Edward had, became Episcopalian following their marriage — connections that may well have contributed to his cousin’s choice to send his children to an Episcopal boarding school in San Antonio. Rose McDermond tells me that some of Conchita’s brothers had also settled in San Antonio, and that the Jiminez family had a food business of some kind there.
Dennis Edward Lindsey’s Final Years
Dennis Edward is enumerated on the 1920 federal census in Brewster County. He is listed as 57, a farmer born in Mississippi who is widowed. In the household are his children Jennie, 20, Lilia, 18, Ida, 15, Daisy, 13, Dennis E., 11, and Ivey J., 9. All children are listed as born in Texas except for Lillian, who was born in Mexico.
According to Stephens, Dennis Edward was a Texas Ranger Captain at Marathon and Del Rio from 1925-7, and then a justice of the peace at Presidio in 1930. As noted previously, on 3 July 1925, Dennis Edward enlisted as a captain in the Ranger Force of the Texas Rangers, with his enlistment oath stating that he was single and lived at Marathon and was a customs officer. His warrant for Rangers service describes him as 6’1,” with black hair, brown eyes, and dark complexion.
The 1930 federal census shows Dennis Edward Lindsey living in Presidio, Presidio County, Texas, with his daughter Lilian Hodierne and her son Edward. Dennis E. Lindsey is head of the household, aged 67, a widower born in Mississippi with a father born in Alabama and a mother in Mississippi. He’s a clerk in a post office. Enumerated with him is daughter Lilian Hodierne, 28, postmaster of the Presidio post office. She is listed as a widow. Son Edward is 5 years old, and the census states that his father was born in England.
Dennis Edward Lindsey’s death certificate, cited above, states that he died in Wickett, Ward County, Texas, on 9 April 1935, and was buried in Pecos, Texas. Dennis Edward’s oldest daughter Jennie and husband Louis Ogé Newton were living in Wickett at the time, and Jennie Newton was, as noted above, the informant for his death certificate, giving his date and place of birth and the names of his parents. The death certificate also states that his spouse had been Conchita Jiminez. Pecos is about 30 miles southwest of Wickett.
Stephens’s biography states, “The tall, quiet Lindsey has been described as being a determined, self-composed, fearless man unaffected by the dangers and challenges of life on the border.” Stephens goes on to recount a story about a time that Dennis Edward was once confronted by a Mexican revolutionary who demanded that he surrender his trading post. He stared the man down and then placed a gun against his body, forcing him back over the border.
In November 2004, a pistol formerly belonging to Dennis Edward Lindsey was advertised online for sale by the Greg Martin auctioneering firm of San Francisco, which specializes in antique firearms. It was described as a Colt single-action revolver valued at $12,000-$18,000.
On 28 August 2018, Dennis Edward’s granddaughter Rose McDermond emailed me to say,
Bandit attacks were an everyday occurrence [when the Lindseys lived at the border]. The Lindsey family would sit and watch the fireworks across the Rio Grande River. Dennis would put the refugees on the train and deport them down river to a safer location. Another time he was commissioned to retrieve holdings in Mexico for somebody. Upon safely delivering the money at a table over drinks, the subject asked what he owed for Lindsey’s services. Dennis laid his arm across the middle of the pile indicating half.
Dennis Edward Lindsey and Conchita Jiminez had the following children:
1. Jane/Jennie Lindsey was born in December 1899 according to the 1900 federal census. However, the Social Security death index gives her birthdate as 14 November 1901, which cannot be correct, since the 1900 census shows her already born before 26-7 June 1900. Her tombstone in Monahans Memorial cemetery, Monahans, Ward County, Texas, shows her year of birth as 1899. She was born at Marathon in Brewster County, Texas. On 23 July 1923 in San Antonio, Texas, she married Louis Ogé Newton, son of Theodore Meyers Newton and Ida Casey, who is buried with her in the Monahans cemetery.
2. Lillian Lindsey was born 21 September 1901 in either Mexico or Presidio, Presidio County, Texas. She married 1) about 1924 to Charles Henry Hodierne, son of Charles Henry Hodierne and Annie Neary, and 2) on 23 August 1930 in Eddy County, New Mexico, to Charles Schultze Sample, son of Charles Schultze and Helen Sample. Charles H. Hodierne, who was born in Birmingham, England, was a doctor in Presidio when son Francis Edward Hodierne was born 11 January 1925. Charles S. Sample was also a physician. Lillian died 26 July 1996 at El Paso, Texas, and is buried in Presidio, Texas.
3. Ida Lindsey was born 25 June 1904 in Marathon, Brewster County, Texas. She married Cecil Clair McDermond, son of Albert Zeigler McDermond and Clara May Gates on 15 May 1935 at Maracaibo, Venezuela. She died 15 May 1992 at McAllen, Hidalgo County, Texas.
4. Daisy Lindsey was born 3 August 1906 in Brewster County, Texas. She married 29 June 1933 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, to William M. Heldmar, son of J. Frederick Heldmeyer and Nina Carr. She died 16 November 1982 at Tulsa, Oklahoma, where she’s buried with her husband in Calvary cemetery.
5. Dennis Edward Lindsey was born 22 July 1908 at Marfa, Presidio County, Texas. He married 1) Inez Owens on 14 July 1945 in Ector County, Texas, and 2) Dixie. He died 28 March 1978 at Monahans, Ward County, Texas, and is buried in Monahans Memorial cemetery.
6. Ivey Joseph Lindsey was born 23 June 1910 at Marathon, Brewster County, Texas. He married 4 August 1948 in Munich, Germany, to Irene Katharina. He died 20 October 1982 at Big Spring, Howard County, Texas, and is buried in Monahans Memorial cemetery.
 W.L. Clayton, “Look on This Picture, Then on That,” Tupelo Journal (15 November 1907), p. 1, col. 4-6.
 1870 federal census, Lee County, Mississippi, Tupelo, p. 474B (dwelling and household 11, August 1870).
 1880 federal census, Lee County, Mississippi, Tupelo, p. 125B (ED 90; dwelling 144, family 179; 7 June).
 Robert W. Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches (Dallas, 1972), pp. 86-90.
 1900 federal census, Lee County, Mississippi, Tupelo, p. 12 (ED 48; dwelling and family 246; 13 June).
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 86.
 Texas Adjutant General’s Department, Dennis Edward Lindsey, Enlistment, Oath of Service, and Warrant of Authority, 3 July 1925.
 Itawamba County, Mississippi, Deed Bk. 14, p. 488-9; 1860 federal census, Itawamba County, Mississippi, Mooreville post office, p. 65 (dwelling and family 421; 4 August).
 See supra, n. 3.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, pp. 86-8.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, pp. 86-8.
 See Frank H. Bushick, Glamorous Days in Old San Antonio (San Antonio: Naylor, 1934), pp. 236-7; and Robert Utley, Lone Star Justice (NY: Berkley, 2002), pp. 244-6. Clarence R. Wharton, ed., Texas Under Many Flags, vol. 4 (Chicago: American Hist. Soc., 1930), pp. 221-2, also notes that Benjamin Dennis Lindsey enlisted in the Texas Rangers in 1880 and was discharged in 1887 in Edwards County. See also Bob Alexander, Six-Shooters and Shifting Sands: The Wild West Life of Texas Ranger Captain Frank Jones (Denton: Univ. of North TX Press, 2015), pp. 94-100.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 88.
 Wharton, Texas Under Many Flags, vol. 4, pp. 221-2.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 88.
 Ibid., p. 83.
 AnneJo P. Wedin, The Magnificent Marathon Basin (Austin: Nortex, 1989), p. 102.
 Carlysle Graham Raht, The Romance of Davis Mountain and Big Bend Country: A History (El Paso: Rahtbooks, 1919), pp. 283.
 Virginia Madison and Hallie Stilwell, How Come It’s Called That? (Albuquerque: Univ. of New Mexico Press, 1958), pp. 44-6.
 Ibid., p. 45.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 88.
 El Paso Herald (20 January 1897), p. 2, col. 3.
 El Paso Herald (8 February 1897), p. 2, col. 3.
 Clifford B. Casey, Mirages, Mysteries, and Reality: Brewster County, Texas (Seagraves, TX: Pioneer Book Publishers, 1972), p. 43.
 Ibid., p. 113.
 Casey, Mirages, Mysteries, and Reality, p. 114.
 Ronnie C. Tyler, The Big Bend (Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1975), pp. 144-5; see also Casey, Mirages, Mysteries, and Reality, p. 149.
 Casey, Mirages, Mysteries, and Reality, p. 165. See also Martin Donnell Kohout, “Mariscal, TX,” Handbook of Texas, online at website of Texas State Historical Association, who gives the name of the person to whom Dennis E. Lindsey sold the mine in 1905 as Isaac Sanger rather than Singer. See also “Mariscal Mine” at the National Park Service’s website for Big Bend National Park, which states that transporting the cinnabar ore 30 miles by mule from Lindsey’s mine to Terlingua for processing was costly, and Lindsey also became involved in a lawsuit challenging his ownership of the mine, and both of these factored into his decision to sell out to Isaac Sanger of Dallas in November 1905. See also Clifford B. Casey, Soldiers, Ranchers and Miners in the Big Bend (Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1969), pp. 223-4, 255-6.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 89.
 The same commentary is also in Mike Cox, Big Bend Tales (Charleston, SC: History Press, 2011).
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 89.
 1900 federal census, Brewster County, Texas, precinct 4, p. 10 (ED 10; dwelling and family 177; 26-7 June).
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 88.
 1910 federal census, Brewster County, Texas, precinct 3, Marathon, p. 8B (ED6; dwelling 118, family 149; 29 April).
 U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor, Official Register of the United States, Containing a List of the Officers and Employees in the Civil, Military, and Naval Service, 1903, vol. 1, p. 199; online at Ancestry.
 Cecilia Thompson, History of Marfa and Presidio Counties, Texas 1535-1946, vol. 2: 1901-1946 (Austin: Nortex, 1985), p. 41.
 Bob Alexander, Six-Shooters and Shifting Sand, pp. 94-100.
 1920 federal census, Brewster County, Texas, precinct 3, p. 1A (ED 14; dwelling and family 6; 5-6 March).
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 89.
 See supra, n. 9.
 1930 federal census, Presidio County, Texas, Presidio, p. 9B (ED 13; dwelling 204, family 213; 15 April).
 See supra, n. 6.
 Stephens, Texas Ranger Sketches, p. 88.
 See supra, n. 42.