Children of Mary Brooks (d. 1787, Frederick County, Virginia) — Susanna Brooks Haynes and James Brooks

1. Thomas Brooks (abt. 1747 – 1805)

2. Mary Hollingsworth (1745/1750 – aft. 15 May 1815)

3. Elizabeth Rice (1747/1750 – 1816)

4. Sarah “Asdril” (that is, Ashdale/Ashdell/Ashdill/Asdell/Asdill) (1750/1755 – 1810/1820)

5. Susanna Haynes

6. James Brooks (died August-September 1824)

The links I’ve provided above bring you to the initial postings I have made about each of these children of Mary Brooks. By clicking on each link and then moving to postings following the posting that opens with the link, you’ll find my postings about the descendants of that child of Mary Brooks.

I’ve listed these children of Mary Brooks in the order in which her will names them. As the postings linked above tell you, I think that Mary names her son Thomas first in the will, though he seems to be younger than his sisters Mary and Elizabeth, because he was her older son and sole legatee (with the exception of small specific bequests the will makes to various other children). Her will states that her whole estate was bequeathed to him, and, as the executor of the will and its primary beneficiary, he was to “pay to the rest” of her children a share of the estate. 

Thomas Brooks is my ancestor. The link provided for him above points you to a posting that tracks his family line down a generation or two beyond Thomas. That linked posting is preceded, however, by several postings tracking the life of one of Thomas’s sons, Thomas Brooks (1775 – 1836), who married Sarah Whitlock in Wythe County, Virginia, on 14 February 1796. This Thomas is also my ancestor, and after I finish this series of postings about the children of Mary Brooks, I intend to write a series tracking the descendants of Thomas Brooks (abt. 1747 – 1805) and wife Margaret (Beaumont/Beamon?) for a generation or two, with more information about the descendants of Thomas Brooks (1775 – 1836) and Sarah Whitlock. 

The two children of Mary Brooks I have not yet discussed in detail are the last two children named in her will, Susanna Haynes and James Brooks. I’m going to tell you now what I know about those two children, which, in Susanna’s case, is unfortunately nothing more than her name as it’s stated in her mother’s will. I’ve shared information about James Brooks’s will and a chancery court case regarding his estate, to which I’ll point you below as I discuss the other pieces of information about James. This posting will complete my series of postings tracking the children of Mary Brooks.

Susanna Brooks Haynes

As I’ve just told you, I’ve found no information about this fifth child Mary Brooks named in her 1786 will, except her name as it’s given in her mother’s will. The surname Haynes or Haines is certainly not uncommon in Frederick County, Virginia, records. But I’ve yet to find a man with that surname who had a wife Susanna/Susannah/Susan whom I can identify as Susanna Brooks — I’ve yet to find a Haynes or Haines couple matching this description in either Frederick County records or elsewhere.

If Mary Brooks’s will names her children by order of birth (with the exception of Thomas, as stated above), then Susanna was born after her sister Sarah, whose birthdate seems to fall between 1750-1755. Susanna’s birthdate might be in the same time frame or perhaps somewhat after 1755.

It’s tempting to wonder if Susanna Brooks’s husband belonged to a Haines family from Burlington County, New Jersey, that had land in Frederick County by 1750, and some of whose members moved to Frederick County. John Wesley Haines studies this family in his book entitled Richard Haines and His Descendants: A Quaker Family of Burlington County, New Jersey Since 1682.[2] This family descends from a Richard Haines with wife Margaret, a Quaker couple, who arrived in Burlington County, West Jersey, in the fall of 1682 from Northamptonshire, England.[3] Their son Richard (1665-1746) and wife Mary Carlile were parents of Abram Haines (abt. 1696-1758), who had a Northern Neck grant of 882 acres in Frederick County on 21 October 1754.[4]

Abram and wife Grace Hollinshead did not move to Frederick County though Abram owned land there. He remained in Burlington County, New Jersey, where he died in 1758. However, at least two sons of Abram Haines, Joshua and Abraham, did move to Frederick County. Joshua requested a certificate from the Friends meeting in Haddonfield, New Jersey, on 10 March 1745/46 for him and wife Mercy Lupton Haines to remove to the Opeckon (i.e., Opequon) monthly meeting in Frederick County, and was granted this certificate on 14 April 1746.[5]

Roberta Tuller writes,[6]

In 1750 Joshua Haines, Abraham Haines and George Washington acquired 1,122 acres on the South Branch of the Bullskin Creek. This property was divided, Joshua and Abraham Haines taking 700 acres. In 1752 Joshua Haines sold his share to Abraham Haines.

When Captain George Johnston was granted 552 acres on Bullskin Run in Frederick County on 20 October 1750, the grant for this tract notes that George Washington had surveyed the land and that it adjoined Haynes, Patrick Matthews, and Dr. John McCormick.[7] The unnamed Haynes in this land record is Joshua Haines/Haynes. On 3 December 1750, George Washington surveyed a division line between the land of Joshua Haynes and 456 acres that Washington had bought from James McCracken on the South Fork of Bullskin Run.[8]

We’ve previously met the Dr. John McCormick named as a neighbor of Joshua Haines/Haynes in the October 1750 land grant cited above. As we’ve seen, Elizabeth Rice, daughter of George Rice and Elizabeth Brooks, married William McCormick, whose father Francis McCormick was a son of Dr. John McCormick. The family of Joshua Haines also had marital ties to the McCormicks: following the death of Joshua Haines in Frederick County in 1754, his widow Mercy Lupton Haines remarried to James McCormick, a brother of Francis McCormick.[9]

Once again: I have absolutely no information about the name of the Haynes/Haines man whom Susanna Brooks, daughter of Mary Brooks married. I have no information to show that Susanna’s husband was connected to the Haines family descending from Richard Haines of Burlington County, New Jersey. But the connection of members of that Haines family to the McCormick family in Frederick County, Virginia, does pique my interest, since the McCormicks also connect to the Brooks family and Mary Brooks’s granddaughter Elizabeth Rice married into the McCormick family.[10]

In a previous posting, I noted one other Haynes connection in the family tree of this Brooks family that catches my eye. As the posting I’ve just linked explains, Samuel Hollingsworth, son of Jacob Hollingsworth and Mary Brooks (Mary being daughter of the Mary Brooks who died in Frederick County, Virginia, in 1787), had a daughter Sarah who married John Haynes prior to 15 May 1815, when Samuel made his will in Franklin County, Georgia. The posting linked at the start of this paragraph tells you that I have found almost no information about this John Haynes and wife Sarah Hollingsworth, other than John’s mention in two May 1817 Hollingsworth family deeds discussed in the linked posting. Did members of Susanna Brooks Haynes’s family go to Franklin County, Georgia, with Susanna’s sister Mary and husband Jacob Hollingsworth? If so, I have no information to prove this — but it’s worth asking, I think.

In another previous posting, I also pointed out to you that the 1810 federal census for Frederick County, Virginia, shows the family of James Woodward, husband of Susanna Brooks Haynes’s niece Sarah Ashdale, enumerated on the same page with a John and Joseph Haines.[11] On the following census page is found the family of Sarah Ashdale Woodward’s brother John, whose surname is given as Ashdill on this census. 

I think that this John and Joseph Haines are descended from the Haines family of Burlington County, New Jersey, to which Joshua and Abraham Haines, who moved to Frederick County, Virginia, belonged. According to John Wesley Haines, Joseph was born in Burlington County in 1742, son of Joseph Haines and Patience Prickitt of Burlington County, and it’s likely, John Wesley Haines thinks, that this older Joseph is a son of William Haines (1672-1754), uncle of the Abram Haines whose sons Joshua and Abraham moved to Frederick County, Virginia.[12]

Joseph Haines, wife Beulah, and children admitted to Hopewell Friends meeting, Frederick County, Virginia, 3rd day of 10th month 1774; Hopewell Friends Monthly Meeting Minutes, Frederick County, Virginia, 1759-1766, p. 317; original minutes held by Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; available digitally at Ancestry in the collection U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935

Multiple sources state that Joseph Haines (1742-1830) and wife Beulah Andrews moved from Burlington County, New Jersey, to Frederick County, Virginia, where minutes of the Hopewell Friends monthly meeting of the latter county show Joseph, wife Beulah, and children Patience, Ebenezer, Elizabeth, and Joseph, admitted to the Hopewell meeting on 3rd day of 10th month 1774, with a certificate of removal from Evesham monthly meeting in Burlington County, New Jersey.[13] Joseph is said to have died and be buried in Frederick County in 1830. An appraisement of Joseph’s estate was filed in Frederick County on 23 March 1830 by appraisers Jacob McKay, R.L McKay, and Gershon Silver and was recorded at county court on 6 September.[14]

Again, I have no information to connect Susanna Brooks, daughter of Mary Brooks, to the Joseph and John Haines found near her Ashdale relatives on the 1810 federal census in Frederick County, Virginia, but the proximity of these members of the Haines family to members of the Ashdale family on that census seems worth noting.

James Brooks

As with his sister Susanna, I have found little information about James Brooks, who may be Mary Brooks’s youngest child, if her will lists her children in order by age (with the exception of Thomas). As I’ve previously noted, it appears that James was born between 1750 and 1760, and, since his sister Sarah, born before Susanna, the sibling named immediately before James in their mother’s will, was born 1750-1755, then James may have been born between 1755 and 1760. James was of age by 26 May 1787, since, as we’ve seen, along with his brother Thomas he witnessed a deed of their brother-in-law George Rice and wife Elizabeth in Frederick County to Anthony Crum on that date.[15]

I have not found James Brooks on any census in Frederick County, so that I unfortunately lack census information about his birthdate to help me make a more informed guess about when he was born. The first and only listing for James that I find on the Frederick County tax list is on 20 July 1791 when he was taxed in William Eskridge’s district, where his brother Thomas was also listed on the same census, for 1 white male 16+ and 2 horses.[16] Thomas was taxed at the same time for two white males 16+ and 8 horses.

Since their mother Mary had bequeathed “the whole” of her estate to Thomas except for specific monetary bequeathals to her other children (and clothes to Elizabeth), James may have lived with Thomas up to Thomas’s removal from Frederick County in 1792, and perhaps with their mother prior to that time. I find no evidence that James married. 

On 7 November 1793, James Brooks appears in the order books of Frederick County court as plaintiff in a debt case against John Koontz.[17] On 5 November 1794, the court ordered Koontz to pay James Brooks £14 plus damages.[18]

This is either John Koontz elder or his son of the same name. John Koontz elder (1739-1832) was an early Baptist preacher in Frederick County and nearby counties,[19] who may be buried in the Koontz-Shuler cemetery at Alma in Page County, Virginia. A marker in Seekford cemetery, also at Alma, commemorates his ministry as a Baptist preacher. 

As the previous posting notes, a 29 January 1821 shows James’s nephew John Ashdale selling to his uncle James Brooks various household items along with livestock, with George W. Kiger, husband of James’s niece Rebecca Rice, and with John’s sister Sarah Ashdale Woodard and husband James Woodward witnessing.[20] Though the deed does not state that this is a mortgage of property, it reads as if John is mortgaging property to his uncle; this suggests to me that John Ashdale may have been indebted to his uncle James.

As a previous posting notes, James Brooks died testate in Frederick County, Virginia, with a will dated 16 August 1824.[21] The posting I’ve just linked contains a digital image of the will as recorded in Frederick County will books, along with a transcript. A copy of the will is also in the case file for the chancery court case filed by James’s great-niece Susan Woodward Peters and husband Peter Peters in 1831 against James’s administrator.[22] I’ve included that copy at the head of this posting.

I discussed James Brooks’s will in detail in the posting linked at the start of the previous paragraph. That posting is about James’s sister Sarah Brooks Ashdale, and I discussed James’s will in discussing the Ashdale family since James bequeathed his estate to Sarah’s children James, John, Sarah, and Susan, along with John’s wife Hannah and their children James and John Ashdale, and Sarah’s husband James Woodward and their children Susan, Elizabeth, Luke, and William.

As the previously linked posting notes, James identifies himself in his will as “old and week [sic] in body.” He was approaching death at the time he made the will, since it was probated on 6 September 1824 by witnesses Martin Cartmell and Robert Gray. Since the posting linked above, did not discuss the will’s witnesses, I’ll add a bit of information about them now, insofar as I have information. The will was witnessed by Martin Cartmell, J.M. Glass, and Robert Gray.

Martin Cartmell (about 1772 – 1843), the first witness to James Brooks’s will, was the son of Nathaniel Cartmell (1753-1826) of Frederick County.[23] From his father Nathaniel, Martin had inherited the Cartmell family’s house and estate, Homespun, near Winchester in Frederick County. As Dr. I. William Zartman of Johns Hopkins University states in his application for the Opequon Historic District of Frederick County to be placed on the National Register of Historic Places, Homespun was built in 1771 by Nathaniel Cartmell III on high ground north of Glass Mill at the head of Opequon Creek.[24] Nathaniel was the grandson of Nathaniel Cartmell Sr., founder of this family in Frederick County. Zartman notes that Martin Cartmell added onto the original house in 1810. According to Zartman, the village that is now Opequon Historic District dates from around 1735, and was one of the earliest settlements in the county. It originally comprised the homesteads of the Cartmell and Glass families, and was about five miles southwest of Winchester.

Joseph M. Glass (1779-1831), the second witness to James Brooks’s will, was a doctor in Winchester and a member of the prolific Glass family of Frederick County which I’ve just mentioned. This family descends from Samuel Glass, father of Joseph’s father Robert Glass. Samuel was an immigrant from County Down in Northern Ireland who was granted land in 1735 at the head of Opequon Creek. In his history of Frederick County, Thomas K. Cartmell indicates that the Glass and Cartmell families lived near each other and arrived in the county around the same time (the Cartmells coming from New Jersey) — and have been long connected.[25] The Glass family’s Rose Hill Farm on Opequon Creek is on the National Register of Historic Places.[26] The Glass family was connected by marriage to the Wood family, whose progenitor James Wood gave the land on which Winchester was originally founded; a house, Glen Burnie, which belonged to a branch of the Glass family who had married Woods, is now the site of the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley at Winchester.[27]

Robert Gray, the third witness to James Brooks’s will, was married into the Glass family, and like the progenitor of that family, came to Frederick County from Northern Ireland. He lived in Winchester, where he was a judge, and married as his second wife Ann Glass, daughter of Robert Glass and Sarah Elizabeth Fulton. Robert was a son of Samuel Glass the immigrant ancestor.[28] Ann Glass, wife of Robert Gray, was a sister of Joseph M. Glass who witnessed James Brooks’s will. Joseph M. Glass and Robert Gray were two brothers-in-law, then, witnessing the will of James Brooks.

Thomas Cramer (1783-1851), whom James Brooks names as his executor, was yet another resident of Winchester born in County Down, Ireland.[29] A number of documents show him as secretary of the Shenandoah Valley Agricultural Society in the 1820s.[30] On 4 March 1822, writing as the secretary of this Society, Cramer sent letters to both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison telling them that the Society had voted to make them honorary members. These letters are preserved in the collections of both presidents’ papers.[31] The probated copy of James Brooks’s will states that on 7 September 1824, after the will was probated the previous day, Thomas Cramer declined the “burthen” of being executor of James’s will and George W. Kiger was made administrator.[32]

To summarize: one witness to James Brooks’s will, Joseph M. Glass, was the grandson of an immigrant from County Down, Northern Ireland, to Frederick County, who settled next to the Cartmell family at the head of Opequon Creek, with another witness, Martin Cartmell, belonging to that family and owning its historic house Homespun when Martin Cartmell witnessed James’s will. Another witness, Robert Gray, was an immigrant from Northern Ireland who had married Joseph M. Glass’s sister Ann. The executor whom James Brooks named, Thomas Cramer, also came to Winchester from County Down. 

I wonder if there might be clues here about where the roots of the Brooks family lay before they arrived in Virginia. As a previous posting notes, both the Rice and the McCormick families to which the Brooks family connects in Frederick County have long traditions of having come to Virginia from Ireland, with some researchers claiming that the Rices of Frederick County had Brooks ancestry in Ireland, though I’ve seen absolutely no proof of this.

Appraisement of James Brooks’s estate, Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 12, pp. 376-7

On 15 February 1825, James Brooks’s estate was appraised by Robert D. Glass, Martin Cartmell, and Thomas Glass.[33] Robert David Glass (1771-1844) was a brother of Joseph M. Glass who witnessed James Brooks’s will. Thomas Glass (1792-1861) was a nephew of Robert D. and Joseph M. Glass, a son of their brother Samuel; the previously mentioned Rose Hill farm of the Glass family passed to Thomas in 1816.[34] Thomas married Kitty Wood, granddaughter of the James Wood who gave the land on which Winchester began, and it was through that marriage that the Glass and Wood families connected.[35]

The appraisement of James Brooks’s estate done by the appraisers named above was recorded on 4 March 1825. The list of his personal property in his appraisement shows him with a very meager personal estate whose value was estimated at $7.75 and which consisted entirely of tools. But since the case file for the chancery court case filed by James’s great-niece Susan Woodward and her husband Peter Peters contains a February 1828 account showing the estate paying James’s heirs various sums of money and since the will bequeathed money to his Ashdale nephews and niece and some of their children, I think it can be inferred that James’s estate also included money or bonds.

I have found no evidence that James Brooks married or had children. His choice to leave legacies to members of his sister Sarah Brooks Ashdale’s family makes me think it’s likely he lived some member of that family in his final years, and as I’ve noted above, his absence from Frederick County tax listings except in 1791 make me think that he had perhaps lived with his brother Thomas until Thomas moved to Wythe County, Virginia, in 1792.

Regarding the lawsuit filed in Frederick County chancery court in 1831 by Peter Peters and wife Susan Woodward Peters against James’s administrator George W. Kiger, as the previous posting in which that case file was discussed tells you, the complaint filed by the Peters is incomplete in the case file, so that it’s difficult to ascertain what was at being litigated. One can infer that Susan and her husband thought they had not received their fair share of her great-uncle’s estate; his will left her a monetary bequest. As noted above and in the posting I’ve just linked, the case file contains, in addition to the complaint, a copy of James Brooks’s will and a February 1828 account discussed in the posting I’ve just linked.


[1] Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 5, p. 158.

[2] John Wesley Haines, Richard Haines and His Descendants: A Quaker Family of Burlington County, New Jersey Since 1682 (Boyce, Virginia: Carr, 1961).

[3] Ibid., pp. 37-8.

[4] Ibid., pp. 49-50, 85-6, citing Northern Neck Virginia Land Grants, Bk. H, p. 480.

[5] See “Mercy Lupton Haines McCormick” at Roberta Tuller’s An American Family History website.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Northern Neck Virginia Land Grants Bk. G, p. 458.

[8] See “George Washington’s Professional Surveys” at the National Archives’s Founders Online site.

[9] See Haines, Richard Haines and His Descendants, p. 181; Tuller, “Mercy Lupton Haines McCormick”; and Reba McCormick, “Dr. John McCormick,” at the Clark County, Indiana, USGenweb site.

[10] In his The Haynes Family (priv. publ., Tucson, Arizona, 1991), Robert M. Shores studies a Haynes family of Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia, descending from a Christopher Haynes,who is said to have come from England and died in Philadelphia around 1763. Shores transcribes a monograph written by William Washington Haynes about 1885 which says that Christopher Haynes came from England in company with General Muhlenburg under the authority of the British government, and was chosen to serve the government because of his language skills. There is some suggestion that he may have been German, and his name anglicized to Haynes. He became a wealthy merchant in Philadelphia. At his death, his daughter and two sons were bound out. The youngest son George was taken by a German family to Winchester, where he was unhappy. After the Revolution, he married Margaret McInturff of Winchester and the family moved for a few years to South Carolina, and then on to east Tennessee, settling eventually in Carter County. George Haynes was born 1 December 1757, and married about 1782 in Winchester, dying in 1836 in Carter County, Tennessee.

[11] 1810 federal census, Frederick County, Virginia, p. 352. These are evidently the Joseph and John Haines who appraised the estate of William Farnley in Frederick County on 29 May 1800, with Thomas Fawcett Jr. as the other appraiser: Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 6, pp. 130-1.

[12] Haines, Richard Haines and His Descendants, pp. 144-5.

[13] See Hopewell Friends Monthly Meeting Minutes, Frederick County, Virginia, 1759-1766, p. 317; original minutes held by Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; available digitally at Ancestry in the collection U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935.

[14] Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 16, p. 163.

[15] Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 21, p. 616.

[16] Frederick County, Virginia, Personal Property Tax List, 1791, p. 5.

[17] Frederick County, Virginia, Court Order Bk. 24. p. 532.

[18] Ibid., Order Bk. 25, p. 297.

[19] See John Taylor, Baptists on the American Frontier: A History of Ten Baptist Churches of which the Author Has Been Alternately a Member, ed. Chester Raymond Young (abt. 1820; repr. Macon: Mercer UP, 1995), p. 122, n. 9; and Sharon Lemkuil, “The life and death of John Counts of Page and Russell Counties, Virginia” (November 2018), at Marie Rasnick Fetzer’s Kayser-Counts Family History website.  

[20] Frederick County, Virginia, Deed Bk. 47, p. 266.

[21] Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 12, pp. 120-1.

[22] Peter Peters and Wife vs. Admrs. of James Brooks, Frederick County, Virginia, Chancery Court 1831-007.

[23] Thomas K. Cartmell, Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Winchester, Virginia: Eddy, 1902), p. 422.

[24] See Dr. I. William Zartman’s application for Opequon Historic District (2001) to be placed on the National Register of Historic Places at Virginia Department of Historic Resources, National Register listings.

[25] Ibid., p. 15.

[26] See “Rose Hill Farm,” at Virginia Department of Historic Resources, National Register listings; and Karen C. Clay’s nomination form for the inclusion of Rose Hill on the National Register, linked at the preceding website. See also Warren R. Hofstra, “Land, Ethnicity, and Community at the Opequon Settlement, Virginia, 1730-1800,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 98, 3 (July 1990), p. 424, who says that Samuel Glass had settled at the head of Opequon Creek by the early 1730s, and came there from County Down, Ireland.

[27] See Nick Powers, “Grave Matters: Digging Up the History of the Wood-Glass Family Cemetery,” at website of the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley.

[28] See Anne H. Ruffner, “Robert Gray of Rockingham,” in Scotch-Irish Society of America, ed., The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Seventh Congress (Nashville: Barbee & Smith, 1895), p. 242.

[29] See the biographical information provided about Thomas Cramer’s son Thomas Johnstone Blakely Cramer in the Historical Rosters Database of the digital collection at Virginia Military Institute’s Archives online.

[30] See e.g. the 15 March 1823 announcement of the Society to be held in Winchester on 6 April in Winchester Gazette (29 March 1823), p. 4, col. 2, signed by Thomas Cramer as the Society’s secretary.

[31] A transcript of the letter to Jefferson, which is held by Library of Congress in its collection of Jefferson’s papers, is at the National Archives’ Founders Online website; a digital image of the letter to Madison, from the Library of Congress’s collection of Madison’s papers, is at the Library of Congress website.

[32] See supra, n. 21.

[33] Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk. 12, pp. 376-7.

[34] See “Rose Hill Farm,” cited supra, n. 26.

[35] See “The Wood and Glass Families,” at the website of Museum of the Shenandoah Valley.

2 thoughts on “Children of Mary Brooks (d. 1787, Frederick County, Virginia) — Susanna Brooks Haynes and James Brooks

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