Sometimes, you work on someone in your family tree, and it’s mystery and incongruity piled on mystery and incongruity. This is what I seem to encounter anytime I try to nail down pieces of information about Emma, including who her first husband was, why a Cone family found in Bienville and Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, records in the 1860s is so elusive and why its progenitor seems to be named both Kindred and Alexander Cone, and why Emma is listed as the mother-in-law of a man on the 1920 federal census who was clearly not married to Emma’s daughter.
Emma was born 4 August 1853 in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, and died 6 February 1935 at Provencal in Natchitoches Parish. On 18 November 1869 in Natchitoches Parish, she married J.M. Cone. According to Mary Lou Lindsey Prothro, a daughter of A.B. Lindsey, this first husband died prior to her second marriage to Daniel Campbell Wester on 14 November 1875 in Red River Parish. Emma and her husband John M. Cone (we learn his name from their son’s Social Security file) had a son Thomas H. Cone who was born on 8 January 1872 or 8 January 1873 (his tombstone has the former date and his World War I draft registration form has the latter date). This birth would place John M. Cone’s death sometime between May 1871 or May 1872 and 14 November 1875.
The Unsolved Mystery of Emma’s Cone Husband
I have not been able to discover any biographical information at all about Emma’s husband John M. Cone. As I have stated in a previous posting, I’ve tended to think he was the John M. Koin who was a captain in Co. C of Louisiana’s 5th Cavalry (CSA), who was paroled at Natchitoches on 6 June 1865 while residing in Morehouse Parish. John M. Koin’s CSA service papers have no indication of his age or when he died, and I can find no information about this man other than the sparse information to be found in his CSA service packet. And, against the conclusion that this is the J.M. Cone whom Emma married in 1869, there’s the fact that their son went by the surname Cone and not Koin. Thomas H. Cone’s obituary in the Shreveport Times newspaper does not name his parents, but his Social Security application gives their names as John Mat Cone and Emma Lindsey.
I can find no match to a John Mat Cone living in Natchitoches or surrounding parishes at the time Emma married J.M. Cone in 1869. It should be noted, however, that a D. Kindred Cone married Sarah Ann Snead in Bienville Parish on 11 September 1870. Kindred Cone was the son of Alexander Cone, who is found on the 1880 federal census at Cone’s Mill in Franklin County, Texas, living a few households away from Kindred Cone and wife Sarah Snead Cone and their children.
A Kindred Cone who seems to be a generation older than the man of that name who married Sarah Ann Snead is enumerated on the 1850 Alabama state census in Choctaw County, Alabama, and by 1860, was patenting federal land in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, while living in Bienville Parish. The death certificate of Gilbert L. Cone appears to equate this older Kindred Cone with the Alexander Cone who was father of the younger Kindred Cone and of Gilbert Cone. Gilbert Cone’s death certificate states that his parents were Kindred Cone and Rebecca Curry, and the 1880 census identifies Alexander as father of Gilbert Cone, which would seem to indicate that Alexander and the older Kindred are the same person. Why two different names would appear for the same person in different records, I can’t say.
According to Index of the Executive Documents of the House of Representatives for the Second Session of the Forty-Fourth Congress, 1876-7, Marshall H. Twitchell, head of the Reconstruction government in Red River Parish, wrote on 26 February 1875 to General P.H. Sheridan to inform him that various members of the Republican party had been forced by the White League to flee Red River Parish for Texas. These included Douglas Cone, Kindred Cone, and Doc Cone. The list of names also includes William Wester, a first cousin of Emma’s second husband Daniel Campbell Wester, and William Kellogg, a son of Emma’s aunt Frances Rebecca Lindsey Kellogg. The time frame of this document perfectly fits the point at which Kindred Cone and wife Sarah Ann Snead are known to have moved from Louisiana to Texas.
Kindred Cone’s brother Gilbert was also targeted by the White League in the same period and driven to Texas from Red River Parish. An official governmental account of what happened at Coushatta, Louisiana, in 1874 during the Coushatta massacre notes that Gilbert Cone was deputy sheriff of the parish at the time, and on 1 September 1874 was waylaid by a gang of White League members, who did not approve of his political opinions and of his cooperating with the Reconstruction leaders of the parish. This source notes that the targeting by the White League drove Gilbert Cone’s family out of Red River Parish to Texas.
I can find no man in this Cone family living in Natchitoches or Bienville Parish in the 1860s whose name matches John Mat, but it’s certainly tempting to wonder if the John Mat Cone whom Emma C. Lindsey married in 1869 fits among this Cone kinship network. The Snead family into which Kindred Cone married has multiple ties to the Lindsey family of Red River Parish: my paternal grandparents were Benjamin Dennis Lindsey, a son of Mark and Mary Ann’s son Alexander Cobb Lindsey, and Vallie Snead. Vallie Snead’s father Henry Clay Snead was a brother of the Sarah Ann Snead who married Kindred Cone.
At the end of their lives, Henry’s parents William Henry Snead and Harriet Godwin Snead left Red River Parish for Franklin County, Texas, where they settled at Cone’s Mill, the site of a mill that the Cone family had established after settling in Franklin County in the mid-1870s. William H. Snead died at Cone’s Mill on 10 December 1833. A pension application his widow Harriet filed following William’s death, making a claim for his service in the Creek War in Georgia, contains an affidavit dated 7 July 1896 by Gilbert Cone, stating that William H. Snead died of pneumonia at Cone’s Mill on the preceding date, with Gilbert Cone and Dr. J.R. Felder with him. The 1880 census, cited above, identifies both Gilbert Cone and his brother Kindred, husband of Sarah Ann Snead, as millers. William H. and Harriet Godwin Snead’s daughter Harriet Frances Snead married Douglas Arthur Cone, who appears to be a brother of Kindred (married Sarah Ann Snead) and Gilbert Cone — and who is likely the Douglas Cone mentioned above as one of the Cone family members driven from Red River Parish by the White League in 1874-5.
I have not been able to locate the family of John M. Cone (or Koin) and Emma Lindsey on the 1870 federal census. Emma’s first husband remains a mystery man to me.
Emma’s Marriage to and Family by Daniel Campbell Wester
Emma’s second husband Daniel Campbell Wester was the son of William Wester and Jane Edna Bryant. He was born on 22 December 1852 at Sneads in Gadsden County, Florida, and died 27 February 1901 at Provencal in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. For information about the Wester family, see this previous posting about Mark J. Lindsey’s oldest brother John Wesley Lindsey, whose third wife Mary Ann Nobles was the widow of an older Daniel Campbell Wester (abt. 1830-1870/1874) who was uncle of the Daniel Campbell Wester whom Emma C. Lindsey married. As the posting I have just linked indicates, the Wester family came to Bossier Parish, Louisiana, from Florida in 1848 and then moved to Bienville Parish following the Civil War, and from there to Red River Parish. As it also shows, Zachary Taylor Wester and William Wester, sons of Daniel Campbell Wester and Mary Ann Nobles, were targeted by the White League, as were members of the Cone family, during the Reconstruction period, because they supported the Reconstruction government and in Zachary’s case, taught children of freed slaves.
The family of D.C. and Emma Wester is enumerated on the 1880 federal census in Red River Parish, Louisiana. The census shows D.C. Wester as 26, a farm laborer who was born in Florida with parents born in Georgia. Emma is 25, born in Louisiana with parents born in Alabama. In the household are sons Willie, 3, and Monte Leon, 4 months, along with Emma’s son Thomas Cone, 7. Also in the household is Daniel C. Wester’s mother E.J. (Edna Jane) Wester.
I have not been able to locate this family on the 1900 federal census. As noted previously, Daniel Campbell Wester’s tombstone states that he died 27 February 1901. I cannot find Emma on the 1910 federal census, though I can locate her sons Monte Leon and Olie and her daughters Dannie (Harvey) and Bennie (Perot), all of whom had married by 1910, and I also spot the Eunice Stiles in whose household Emma would be enumerated in 1920 as the mother-in-law of Eunice’s husband — though Eunice does not appear actually to be Emma’s daughter. In 1920, Emma is enumerated on the federal census in the household of Bennett Jackson Stiles and wife Eunice in Natchitoches Parish, with the census stating that Emma Wester is the mother-in-law of Bennett Jackson Stiles. But numerous sources show that Eunice was Eunice Mary Bateman, not Eunice Mary Wester. I’m not quite sure what to make of Emma’s listing as the mother-in-law in this household in 1920.
In 1930 census, Emma appears on the federal census in the household of her son Olie Bud Wester and wife Cora in Natchitoches Parish, where she’s listed as 77 years old, with the census noting that she was first married at age 18. The census states that she was born in Louisiana, with parents born in Louisiana — but we know from other sources that Emma’s parents were born in Alabama.
Emma C. Lindsey and husband Daniel Campbell Wester are buried in Provencal cemetery at Provencal in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. Their Find a Grave memorial pages (and here) have photos of their tombstones by William Foley. As noted above, both of their tombstones give their dates of birth and death. Emma’s stone gives her name as Mrs. E.C. Wester. A photo of Emma’s tombstone is at the head of this posting.
At one of the annual Lindsey family reunions in Coushatta in the late 1950s or early 1960s, my uncle Henry C. Lindsey recorded two children of Emma’s brother Charles Henry Lindsey telling family stories. The two – Charles’s son Mark Jefferson Lindsey and daughter Mary Bell Lindsey Hill, state that their aunt Emma had lost her sight at some point in her life when she visited an ophthalmologist in Shreveport who put drops into her eyes, and was blinded. In a letter to me dated 31 May 2005, Carol Seymour of Provencal tells me that she had recently interviewed a grandson of Emma, Vernon Wester, whose father was Emma’s son Olie. Vernon Wester was then 80 years old and living in Provencal.
Carol Seymour told me that Vernon Wester remembered his grandmother Emma, who lived with her son Olie late up to her death. According to Vernon Wester, Emma went blind in one eye at the age of 25 and later lost sight in the other eye.
As we’ve seen, the 1860 federal census, which enumerates Emma in her parents’ household in Bossier Parish, Louisiana, gives her name as E.C. Lindsey, and erroneously lists her as a son. The record of her two marriages also give her the initials E.C. As we saw in the last posting, Emma’s brother Jeremiah named a daughter Celia Emma Lindsey. I think it’s very likely that this daughter was named for Jeremiah’s sister Emma, and that her full name was Emma Celia Lindsey.
Mary Lou Lindsey Prothro, who was previously cited, states that Emma Lindsey and Daniel Campbell Wester had three sons. In her May 2005 letter to me, which I have just discussed, Carol Seymour tells me that Emma married first a Cone and had by him a son Thomas. She then married Daniel Campbell Wester and had children Olie Bud, Monte, Dannie, and Bennie, the last two being daughters.
Emma’s Children by John M. Cone and Daniel Campbell Wester
The child of Emma C. Lindsey and John M. Cone was Thomas H. Cone, who was born 8 January 1872/3 in Red River Parish, and died 14 March 1958 at Shreveport, Louisiana. He married Ida Mae Monroe, daughter of Joel Riley Monroe and Alabama Harville. Tom and Ida Mae are buried at Provencal cemetery in Provencal, Natchitoches Parish.
The children of Emma C. Lindsey Daniel Campbell Wester were as follows:
1. William Wester, who was born about 1877 in Red River or Natchitoches Parish, and who died after 1880.
2. Monte Leon Wester, who was born 3 February 1878 in Red River Parish, and who died 22 February 1943 at Kirbyville in Jasper County, Texas. He married Magnolia Thomas, daughter of John Thomas and Martha Bridges. Both are buried in Bronson cemetery at Bronson in Sabine County, Texas.
3. Dannie Wester, who was born 17 May 1885 in Natchitoches Parish, and who died 24 December 1908. In 1907, she married William M. Harvey, son of Clayton Alexander Harvey and Martha Denman. William and Dannie Wester Harvey are buried in Provencal cemetery.
 I have a copy of the 29 August 1959 in Coushatta Citizen in which A.B. Lindsey announced his candidacy for school board president of the parish. The article notes that he was a native of Red River Parish, and states that his grandfather had moved to the parish in August 1871 and had fathered 12 children. A.B. Lindsey had served two terms on the school board at this point.
 Emma’s death certificate states that she died 6 February 1935 at Provencal. It gives her age at death as 81 and states that she was born in 1854 in Red River Parish, daughter of Mark and Emma [sic] Lindsey. Emma’s tombstone in Provencal cemetery, Provencal, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, gives the same date of death and states that she was born 4 August 1853: see her Find a Grave memorial page for a photo.
 Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, Marriage Bk. 5, p. 37.
 Mary Lou Lindsey Prothro, “The Lindseys of Red River Parish,” in Red River Parish: Our Heritage, ed. Red River Parish Heritage Society (Bossier City: Everett, 1989), p. 308.
 Shreveport Times (17 March 1958), p. 23, col. 3; Social Security claim/application file 437345708, Social Security Applications and Claims, 1936-2007, Ancestry database U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007.
 1880 federal census, Franklin County, Texas, precinct 5, p. 447B (family and dwelling 269, ED 34, 19 June. Alexander is living in the household of son Gilbert, 32, a miller born in Alabama. Kindred Cone’s household is 274 on the same page.
 See supra, n. 7.
 Index of the Executive Documents of the House of Representatives for the Second Session of the Forty-Fourth Congress, 1876-7 (Washington: Govt. Printing Office, 1877), pp. 298-9.
 Executive Documents for the 2nd Session of the 44th Congress (Washington, D.C., 1877), p. 252.
 See Creek War widow’s pension file of Harriet Godwin Snead, widow of William H. Snead, filed 10 January 1896, Franklin County, Texas, application 6579, certificate 4765.
 1880 federal census, Red River Parish, Louisiana, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th ward, p. 79C (dwelling 330, family 332, 25 June).
 1920 federal census, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, ward 4, precinct 1, p. 11A (dwelling 208, family 221; ED 42; 19 March).
 1930 federal census, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, ward 7, p. 269 (dwelling 143, family 146; ED 35-21; 12 April).
 1860 federal census, Bossier Parish, Louisiana, Orchard Grove post office, ward 6, p. 729 (dwelling and family 291; 13 August).
 See supra, n. 4.