On 3 September 1809 in Franklin County, Georgia, Benjamin Benton Hollingsworth married Joicy Jones, daughter of James Jones and Mary Todhunter. The Franklin County marriage record shows the couple receiving license to marry on 19 October 1807, but not doing so until 3 September 1809, with minister Nacy Meeks returning the marriage to the county court. Nacy/Ignatius Meeks pastored Eastanollee Baptist church near Toccoa in what is now Stephens County, a county formed in 1905 from Franklin and Habersham Counties. As has been noted previously, Joicy Jones was a sister to Mary Jones, wife of Benjamin’s brother James.
Sacred to the Memory of Joicey Hollingsworth / Born Feb. 14, 1791 / Died Aug 6, 1858 / Friend after friend departs / Who has not lost a friend / There is no union of the hearts / That finds not here an end / Were this frail world our final rest / Living or dying none were blest.
Franklin County, Georgia, Records, 1803-1815
As I stated earlier, Benjamin Hollingsworth witnessed a 20 August 1803 deed by Joseph Dunnigan to Abner Dunnigan, both of Franklin County, Georgia, for land Joseph sold Abner in Franklin County. Benjamin then proved the deed before his brother Thomas, j.p., on 18 July 1807. This is the first document I’ve found showing Benjamin of age — that is, showing that he may have reached age 18 in 1803, and as I note above, on the basis of this document combined with others suggesting his age, I’m inclined to think he may have been born in 1785.
The first mention I find of Benjamin in Franklin County, Georgia, tax lists is in 1805, when he appears along with his brother James in Captain Griffith’s district, both represented by their father as their “agent,” and both claimed as polls in their father’s household. Again, this tax document suggests that Benjamin had come of age by 1805, though as Sadie Greening Sparks notes (see above), the fact that he was not a drawer in the Georgia land lottery of that year indicates he was not yet 21 years old in 1805.
Benjamin appears again on the tax list in Franklin County in Captain Hollingsworth’s district in 1806, 1 poll, along with his brother James and their father Jacob, who is taxed for five enslaved people and 347½ acres on the north fork of Broad River in Franklin County and 202½ acres in Baldwin County. This tax list and other documents suggest to me that, as Jacob and Mary Brooks Hollingsworth’s last two children (and last two sons), James and Benjamin were farming with their father prior to their marriages. The only other unmarried child in the family was their older brother Thomas, who is, I think, likely the Captain Hollingsworth in whose district they are enumerated, and who first shows up in Franklin County records as a justice of the peace in 1806.
As the last two sons living at home, James and Benjamin would have been relied on by their aged parents not only to assist in running the family farm, but to provide care for their parents. Since James and Benjamin also married sisters, there was a particularly close bond between these two youngest sons of Jacob and Mary Hollingsworth, and this explains their decision to move to Tennessee together with their wives and families.
Also noted in a previous posting: when John Jones and wife Sarah sold James Hollingsworth 150 acres on the north fork of Broad River adjoining James’s soon to be father-in-law James Jones in Franklin County on 4 March 1807, Benjamin witnessed the deed along with James Jones. James and John were brothers of the wives-to-be of James and Benjamin Hollingsworth, Mary and Joicy Jones. Both Benjamin Hollingsworth and James Jones proved this deed on 16 June 1814 and it was recorded.
On 4 August 1807 Benjamin Hollingsworth acquired his first piece of land in Franklin County, Georgia. On that date, Sheriff Hezekiah Terrell sold Benjamin 146¾ acres on the waters of the Tugaloo River. The land had gone to William Stith in a court judgment against James D. Brown on 10 April 1804. It was then sold at auction as Brown’s property, with Robert Walton acquiring it. Walton authorized Sheriff Terrell to make a title to Benjamin Hollingsworth. Note that Benjamin Hollingsworth was making plans to marry at this time: as stated above, on 19 October 1807, he received license from the county court to marry Joicy Jones, though the couple would not marry until 3 September 1809.
As we’ve also seen previously, when Benjamin’s brother James sold William Newberry land James had drawn in the 1807 land lottery on 20 February 1808, Benjamin was one of the witnesses to James’s deed. This land was in Jones County, Georgia.
By the fall of 1810, having married Joicy Jones on 3 September 1809, Benjamin Hollingsworth had become a justice of the peace in Franklin County. On 10 December 1810, James Jones Sr. sold to William Wofford, both of Franklin County, 92 acres in Franklin County, with Jacob Hollingsworth and Mary Jones witnessing. On 15 December 1810, Jacob Hollingsworth proved the deed in county court, with the deed stating that Benjamin Hollingsworth was the j.p. before whom the deed was proven. Note that William Wofford was the founder of the Wofford settlement in which the Hollingsworth family settled in or shortly after 1790, and was the father of Benjamin J. Wofford who married Benjamin Hollingsworth’s sister Mary.
As a previous posting notes, Todhunter researcher Darrell Hunter indicates that Benjamin Hollingsworth wrote the governor of Georgia two letters after 1810, noting that troubles with the neighboring Cherokees were creating danger for settlers of European descent in Franklin County. In Darrell Hunter’s view, it was these troubles that caused Franklin County settlers like James and Benjamin Hollingsworth and Evan Todhunter, brother of Mary Todhunter Jones, James and Benjamin’s mother-in-law, to remove to Franklin County, Tennessee, by around 1815.
I haven’t seen or found the letters about which Darrell Hunter is reporting here. I do, however, have copies of two letters Benjamin Hollingsworth sent Georgia’s Governor David Brydie Mitchell on 11 March 1811 and 7 December 1812 (for digital images of the December 1812 letter, see the top of this posting). The March 1811 letter opens by stating that Governor Mitchell had written Hollingsworth on 27 October, but the letter had not reached Benjamin until 5 March. He then replied to it on the 11th from Carnesville in Franklin County.
His reply suggests that Mitchell had written Hollingsworth to inquire whether Franklin County militia members had been engaged in operations beyond the boundary lines of the county — specifically, in the Cherokee Nation. Benjamin Hollingsworth assures the governor that military operations had remained within the county boundaries. The letter also notes as it ends that officers of the local militia company had been resigning, and Governor Mitchell would no doubt get word of this.
Benjamin Hollingsworth’s 7 December 1812 letter to Governor Mitchell, also sent from Carnesville, notes that he headed the 23rd militia regiment, which had been called into military action on 28 November. He reminds the governor that Franklin was a “frontier county” bordering on the Cherokee Nation with the Creeks not far away. Word had reached the citizens of Franklin County that the Cherokee young men were joining the Creeks in an alliance, and Hollingsworth’s concern was that the borders of Franklin County should not be left unguarded as its militia went into military action (presumably for the War of 1812).
He asked Mitchell to consider seeing the county “Kept in Safety by a few men being Stationed on the [boundary] line to Secure our wives and Little ones” as the county militia was called into action. Benjamin’s specific request to the governor is as follows:
Therefore I hope your Honor will not permit your frontier go on gaurded [sic: “unguarded”] as about forty men would gaurd [sic] the frontears [sic] of Franklin County placed in four different Stations which would Keep the savage foe in Dread and Secure your umble [sic] Subjects Lives and property from perilious [sic] Danger.
As these letters suggest, the tensions between the European-descended settlers in Franklin County and the native peoples on whose land they were perceived as encroachers and interlopers had continued from the time the Wofford Settlement was made around 1790, up to the War of 1812, with that war exacerbating the tensions. There were fears in the frontier county of Franklin that the Cherokees and Creeks might be forging an alliance and might take advantage of the state’s focus on the War of 1812 to mount new attacks on settlers in the county. In Darrell Hunter’s view, these fears and tensions prompted movement of some families, including members of the Hollingsworth and Todhunter families, to move to Franklin County, Tennessee, not long after these letters were written.
Franklin County court of ordinary minutes for 7 September 1812 show Benjamin Hollingsworth’s nephew Henry, son of Samuel Hollingsworth, choosing his uncle Benjamin as his guardian on that date. As noted in previous postings(and here), Henry seems to have had a close connection to his uncles James and Benjamin, marrying a Rachel Jones who was, I think, a relative of James and Benjamin’s wives. Henry went to Tennessee with these two uncles and then to Benton (later Calhoun) County, Alabama, with his uncle Benjamin.
Sadie Greening Sparks’s notes state that at the county court of ordinary’s September 1814 session, Benjamin Hollingsworth presented receipts for his guardianship of his nephew to the court. I do not find this record in the county court of ordinary minutes for the September 1814 court session.
As we saw in a previous posting, on 9 January 1815, Jacob Hollingsworth Sr. along with wife Mary and their youngest sons Benjamin and James sold to James B. Wyly 287½ acres on the north fork of the Broad River in Habersham County, Georgia. Jacob Hollingsworth had bought this land in 1797 from Thomas and Yankey Payne, a transaction discussed in the posting I have just linked.
As we also saw in another previous posting, on the same day (9 January 1915), James and Benjamin also sold Wyly two tracts containing 110½ and 37½ acres on the north fork of Broad River in Habersham County with their wives signing the deed along with James and Benjamin and with N. Dobson and Hampton Holcombe as witnesses. The posting I’ve just linked also notes that two deeds before these back-to-back deeds appear in Habersham County, Georgia, Deed Book C is a deed by the legatees of James Jones to James Colley. This document shows the heirs of James Jones deeding Colley 160 acres in Habersham on 11 November 1820; it shows James and Benjamin Hollingsworth among the sellers, in their right as husbands of James Jones’s daughters Mary and Joicy.
Benjamin Hollingsworth is named as a son of Jacob Hollingsworth in the latter’s 15 May 1815 will in Franklin County, Georgia. As noted previously, the will leaves Jacob’s sons Jacob, Thomas, James, and Benjamin all property not specified as bequests to other of Jacob’s heirs, along with enslaved persons Jack, Harvey, Harry, Lett, and Marien. And it makes Thomas and Benjamin Jacob’s executors.
Franklin County, Tennessee, Records, 1815-1835
According to Sadie Greening Sparks, Benjamin Hollingsworth moved his family from Franklin County, Georgia, to Franklin County, Tennessee, about 1815, and his brother James followed suit soon after. Sparks notes that James and brother Benjamin are on the tax list in Madison County, Alabama, in 1816 and James appears in the same year in Franklin County, Tennessee, records.
In fact, Benjamin Hollingsworth made his first land purchase in Franklin County, Tennessee, on 15 July 1815, when he bought 106 acres of land in the county’s third district on the waters of Elk River bordering Robert Box. The vendor of the land was John Arra Smith. The deed was witnessed by John Deloach and John Jones, the latter Benjamin Hollingsworth’s brother-in-law. John A. Smith acknowledged the deed at court in January 1816 and it was recorded on 12 December 1816.
On 19 February 1817, Benjamin sold this piece of land to his brother James. As the previous posting states, this land is now in Grundy County, which was formed from Warren and Coffee Counties in 1844 with some of Marion County then being added to Grundy. The land Benjamin sold to James in 1817 is near the present community of Pelham. Sadie Greening Sparks notes that Benjamin was the first postmaster of Pelham.
Note that, as previously discussed, when Benjamin’s brother James began acquiring land in Franklin County, Tennessee, on 20 July 1816, as he bought 70 acres from Abraham Hargis, the deed for this land says that it was on the waters of Elk River. Benjamin Hollingsworth and Robert Box witnessed this deed, with both proving the deed at the February 1818 session of county court.
On 24 August 1815, Benjamin bought from John Deloach, with the deed stating that both men lived in Franklin County, Tennessee, another 273 acres in the third district of Franklin County, Tennessee, on the waters of Elk River. Robert Box, John Hollingsworth, and Henry Hollingsworth witnessed the deed. John and Henry were Benjamin’s nephews, sons of his older brother Samuel, who had gone to Tennessee with their uncles Benjamin and James. John Deloach acknowledged this deed at court in October 1815, and it was registered at that time. In my view, Benjamin bought these two contiguous pieces of land in 1815 from John A. Smith and John Deloach with the goal of settling his brother James on the first tract and his own family on the second, and the two families lived side by side on these tracts up to James Hollingsworth’s death in or around 1822.
On 1 February 1816, Benjamin Hollingsworth sold Eleazar Quarles 141 acres in Franklin County, Georgia, on the waters of Tugaloo River adjoining William Sparks. The deed states that Benjamin was “now of the State of Tennessee” and that Quarles lived in Georgia. Darius Echols and Thomas Hollingsworth, j.p., Benjamin’s brother, witnessed the deed and it was recorded 3 November 1819.
As previously discussed, on 3 November 1816 Jacob Hollingsworth, father of Benjamin, bought 59 acres in Franklin County, Tennessee, from William Armstrong, with James Hollingsworth and Robert Box witnessing. The deed states that Jacob was of Franklin County, Tennessee, when he purchased this land.
As also noted in a previous posting, on 4 January 1817 James Blair Sr. sold Benjamin Hollingsworth lots 16, 17, and 37 in the Franklin County, Tennessee, county seat of Winchester. Benjamin’s brother James witnessed this deed along with Matthew Dowly and both proved it in county court in February 1818.
On 5 July 1818, Benjamin Hollingsworth of Franklin County, Tennessee, sold to James Lockhart of Davidson County, Tennessee, one of the Winchester lots (#37) that he had bought in January 1817 from James Blair. There were no witnesses to this deed, which was acknowledged and registered at the county’s circuit court in August 1818.
The same day (5 July 1818), Benjamin sold Thomas K. Harris the other two lots he had bought in January 1817 in Winchester, lots 16 and 17. As with the deed to James Lockhart, there were no witnesses to this deed, and it was acknowledged and registered at circuit court in August 1818.
As noted in a previous posting, Benjamin Hollingsworth and his brother James both appear on the 1820 federal census in Franklin County, Tennessee. Benjamin’s household has two males 26-46, one male 16-26, one male 10-16, two males under 10, one female 26-45, one female 16-26, and two females under 10. There are also two enslaved persons. As we’ll see when I discuss Benjamin and Joicy’s children, at least five of the younger persons in the household in 1820 are their children (James, Louisa, Stephen, Wiley, and Salina). Some of the other younger people in the household are likely Benjamin’s nieces and nephews, orphaned children of his brother Samuel.
On 4 Febrary 1821 in Franklin County, Benjamin witnessed the will of William Floyd. I think it’s likely that Floyd was a neighbor of Benjamin and that they possibly attended the same church: in the will, Floyd states, “Bequeath one acre for Elk River Baptist Church and one acre for burying ground.” According to Homecoming ’86, History of The Elk River Valley (Pelham Valley) of Grundy County, the Elk River Baptist Association was formed 20 August 1808, and the Elk River Baptist church was initially at the head of Elk River in Burrows’ Cove, but was moved at some point to its present location on the outskirts of Pelham.
On 17 August 1821 in Marion County, Tennessee, George Foster mortgaged his livestock, crop, wagons, distilled liquor, and household property to Benjamin Hollingsworth of Franklin County and several other men of both Marion (Joseph M. Benton and William M. Raines) and Franklin Counties (Benjamin Hollingsworth, Elisha Floyd, John Jones, and Sims Kelly) for debts Foster owed them. The mortgage states that Foster owed Hollingsworth $180.
The following year on 4 March 1822, George Foster mortgaged to John Jones Esq., Sims Kelly, and Benjamin Hollingsworth, all of Franklin County, two pieces of land in Marion County, a tract of 37¼ acres at the foot of Cumberland Mountain on the Tennessee River, and a tract of 15 acres near the town of Jasper. The mortgage states that Foster was indebted to the three men in the amount of $640.
As we’ve seen in a previous posting, when Benjamin Hollingsworth’s brother James made his will in Franklin County, Tennessee, on 2 July 1822, he made his brother Benjamin and John Jones Esq. (his and Benjamin’s brother-in-law) co-executors of the will. The posting I’ve just linked notes that one of the witnesses to James’s will, Solomon King Goodman, made his will in Franklin County on 23 May 1827, with Benjamin Hollingsworth witnessing it.
On 11 September 1823, another Franklin County citizen, Jeremiah Smith, also made Benjamin Hollingsworth executor. The will identifies Benjamin as Colonel Benjamin Hollingsworth, and states that he was Smith’s friend.
On 17 October 1825, the will of Jesse Goodwin of Franklin County made Benjamin Hollingsworth and Solomon K. Goodman co-executors of his estate. Following Jesse Goodwin’s death, Benjamin Hollingsworth’s brother-in-law John Jones married Jesse Goodwin’s widow Elizabeth.
Benjamin Hollingsworth’s name appears (as Col. Benjamin Hollinsworth) in a Tennessee state act in 1829 to establish a road leading from his house in Franklin County to Jasper in Marion County. Marion County is contiguous to Grundy into which Benjamin and James Hollingsworth’s Franklin County land eventually fell.
Benjamin Hollingsworth is enumerated on the 1830 census in Franklin County, Tennessee, with a household including one male 40-50, one male 20-30, one male 15-20, one male 10-15, two males under 5, 1 female 30-40, and two females 5-10. There are also nine enslaved persons in the household. On the same page are listed Jeremiah Smith, Abraham Floyd, and George Box, surnames that appear in documents discussed above. George Box was Benjamin’s brother-in-law; he married Salina Jones, sister of Benjamin’s wife Joicy, about 1821. George was the son of Robert Box, whose land joined that of James and Benjamin Hollingsworth in Franklin County, Tennessee.
On 29 July 1831, Benjamin Hollingsworth and Alexander E. Patton sold to Thomas King land “supposed to contain between thirty and forty acres” in Franklin County on the waters of Elk River. Both sellers signed, with witnesses Barnaby Burrows and John Norman. A note next to Norman’s name states that he lived out of state. Burrows proved the deed 2 June 1834 and it was recorded. Note that Patton was the husband of Benjamin’s niece Salina Zora Belle Hollingsworth, daughter of James Hollingsworth and Mary Jones.
In my next posting, I’ll document Benjamin’s life after he moved his family to Benton (later Calhoun) County, Alabama, around 1835. As the next posting will indicate, Benjamin died in Benton County in 1844.
 Benjamin’s date of death is stated in his loose-papers probate file in Rusk County, Texas — see loose-papers probate file of Benjamin Hollingsworth, Rusk County, Texas, #563. The probate file says that Benjamin Hollingsworth died in Benton (later Calhoun) County, Alabama. An estate record was later filed in Rusk County, Texas, Benjamin’s widow Joicy Jones Hollingsworth having moved there and died there. This information is in the probate petition filed in December 1858 in Rusk County by William Clark Kelly, Benjamin and Joicy’s son-in-law, who married their daughter Mary Ann.
A probate file for Benjamin Hollingsworth in Calhoun County, Alabama, contains a will that Benjamin wrote at his home, Walnut Spring, on 1 May 1841: see loose-papers probate file of Benjamin Hollingsworth, Calhoun County, Alabama, box 2, folder #155. The will in this probate file appears to be the original will with Benjamin’s signature, though the file also has a letter by Harry Hollingsworth of Inglewood, California, dated 15 April 1986, to the Calhoun County clerk, which states that the original will was held by the Alabama Archives and was a “floating will,” of which he was donating a copy to Calhoun County. I think perhaps the copy Harry Hollingsworth was donating was his transcript of the original will — and the original may now be in the Calhoun County file. The will notes that he was living in Benton County when he made it; Benton was renamed Calhoun County in 1858. The will was proven on 7 September 1844 in Benton County. This appears to confirm that Benjamin died in that county. See also William B. Hollingsworth, Hollingsworth Genealogical Memoranda in the United States, from 1682-1884 (Salem, Massachusetts: Higginson, 1988), pp. 121, 123.
 On this point, see Sadie Greening Sparks, “The Family of Jacob Hollingsworth & Wife Mary Brooks of North Carolina & Georgia,” online at Loy Sparks’s website dedicated to the memory of Sadie Greening Sparks.
 Franklin County, Georgia, Marriage Bk. 1802-1826, p. 28. The date of Benjamin Hollingsworth and Joicy Jones’s marriage is also stated in documents in the Bledsoe-Kelly Collection at Sanford University Library, a collection of correspondence, family charts, and abstracted family and county materials collected and compiled by Maud McLure Kelly, Alabama’s first female lawyer and a member of the bar of the Supreme Court: see Paul McWhorter Pruitt Jr., “Maud McLure Kelly,” Encyclopedia of Alabama.
 Sparks, “The Family of James Jones & Wife Mary ‘Polly’ (MNU) of Franklin & Habersham Co., Georgia,” online at Loy Sparks’s website dedicated to the memory of Sadie Greening Sparks. A Find a Grave memorial page for Joicey Jones Hollingsworth created by David Matthews gives the name of the cemetery as Sulphur Springs cemetery and states that the tombstone is “out in a big field” south of highway 84, east of Rusk County Road 3226 and north of Rusk County Road 3227, about 5 miles north of Cushing, 6 miles south of Laneville, 7 miles west of Mt. Enterprise, and 11 miles east of Reklaw. The memorial page does not have a photo of the tombstone. In notes she sent me in July 1997, researcher Melrose Trimble of Broken Arrow, Oklahoma, states that an application for a Mexican War pension by a soldier named Stone also gives Joicy Jones Hollingsworth’s dates of birth and death. Melrose Trimble’s notes say that this pension application was abstracted by Maude McLure Kelly in the Bledsoe-Kelly Collection at Sanford University Library: on this collection, see supra, n. 4. The Stone of this record is evidently connected to Hugh L. Stone, who married Fannie E. Kelley, daughter of Mary Ann Hollingsworth and William C. Kelly. Mary Ann was, as noted above, a daughter of Benjamin Benton Hollingsworth and Joicy Jones.
 Franklin County, Georgia, Deed Bk. RRR, pp. 74-5.
 See Georgia Archives, Georgia Tax Digests (1890-2), compiling tax records from Georgia counties, 1793-1892 in 140 volumes held by the Archives. Ancestry provides a search engine and digital copies of these tax records in the collection Georgia Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892.
 Georgia Archives, Georgia Tax Digests (1890-2).
 Franklin County, Georgia, Deed Bk. TTT, pp. 170-1.
 Ibid., Deed Bk. RR, pp. 21-2.
 Jones County, Georgia, Deed Bk. A, p. 153.
 Franklin County, Georgia, Deed Bk. TTT, pp. 133-4. See Sparks “The Family of Col. Benjamin Benton Hollingsworth & Wife Joicey Jones of Franklin Co., Georgia, Franklin Co., Tennessee, Benton Co, Alabama, & Rusk Co, Texas,” noting that Benjamin Hollingsworth was a justice of the peace in Franklin County from 27 August 1810 to 25 January 1813 (citing Georgia State Archives, J. P. Records, 1799-1812, p. 656, and J. P. records 1813-1817 p. 163).
 These letters are, I think, in the Telamon Cuyler Collection, Series 1. Historical Manuscripts holdings at Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries, box 46, folders 8 and 11. I say “I think,” because those folders contain the correspondence of Governor David B. Mitchell for the requisite dates — but this material is apparently not digitized and available online. Though I am certain I downloaded these letters from the Telamon Cuyler Collection via the Digital Library of Georgia.
 Franklin County, Georgia, Court of Ordinary Minutes Bk. B, p. 58.
 Sparks, “The Family of Jacob Hollingsworth & Wife Mary Brooks of North Carolina & Georgia,” citing vol. 3, pp. 108-9, and vol 5, p. 48. It is not clear to me what court records these volume numbers reference.
 Habersham County, Georgia, Deed Bk. C, pp. 177-8.
 Ibid., pp. 178-9.
 Ibid., p. 176.
 The original will is in the loose-papers estate file of Jacob Hollingsworth, Franklin County, Georgia; originals held by Georgia Archives, digital copies at Family Search website. The will is also recorded in Franklin County, Georgia, Court of Ordinary Minutes, Bk. 1814-1823, p. 127.
 Franklin County, Tennessee, Deed Bk. J, pp. 122-3.
 Franklin County, Tennessee, Deed Bk. J, p. 377.
 Ibid., pp. 123-4.
 Franklin County, Georgia, Deed Bk. HHH, pp. 199-200.
 Franklin County, Tennessee, Deed Bk. J, p. 371.
 Ibid., p. 377.
 Ibid., Deed Bk. K, pp. 19-20.
 Ibid., Deed Bk. J, p. 405.
 1820 federal census, Franklin County, Tennessee, p. 68, #707 (James is #708). The census spells their surname as Hollinsworth.)
 Franklin County, Tennessee, Will Bk. 1, p. 44.
 Arlene Partin Bean and Janelle Layne Coats, ed., Homecoming ’86, History of The Elk River Valley (Pelham Valley) of Grundy County TN (Manchester, Tennessee: Beaver Press, 1986).
 Marion County, Tennessee, Deed Bk. A, pp. 38-9.
 Ibid., pp. 108-110.
 Franklin County, Tennessee, Will Bk. 1, pp. 46-7.
 Ibid., pp. 65-6.
 Ibid., p. 53.
 Ibid., p. 60.
 Acts of Tennessee, 1796-1850, 1820, series 33 private, act #96; online (in abstract form) at Tennessee State Library and Archives website. A summary of this act appears in “Legislature of Tennessee,” National Banner and Nashville Whig (21 November 1829) p. 4, col. 1.
 1830 federal census, Franklin County, Tennessee, p. 79.
 Franklin County, Tennessee, Deed Bk. N, pp. 498-9.